Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions school readiness, developmental delays
Treatment early intervention foster care (eifc)
Sponsor Oregon Social Learning Center
Collaborator National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Start date December 1999
End date March 2010
Trial size 177 participants
Trial identifier NCT00701194, R01-MH059780

Summary

The Early Intervention Foster Care [EIFC] project is an efficacy trial of the Oregon Social Learning Center Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care Program, a preventive intervention that targets 3 commonly co-occurring variables among young foster children: (1) behavioral problems, (2) physiological dysregulation within the neuroendocrine system (i.e., HPA axis activity), and (3) developmental delays.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Experimental)
EIFC/MTFC-P
early intervention foster care (eifc) Multidemensional Treatment Foster Care-Preschool (MTFC-P)
The EIFC/MTFC-P intervention is delivered through a treatment team approach. Foster parents receive preservice training and ongoing consultation from program staff. Children receive individual therapy and attend a therapeutic playgroup. The intervention emphasizes the use of concrete encouragement for prosocial behavior; consistent, nonabusive limit-setting to address disruptive behavior; and close supervision of the child. The EIFC intervention employs a developmental framework in which the challenges of foster preschoolers are viewed from the perspective of delayed maturation and is oriented toward creating optimal environmental conditions to facilitate developmental progress. These conditions include a responsive and consistent caregiver and a predictable daily routine.
(No Intervention)
Services as usual
early intervention foster care (eifc) Multidemensional Treatment Foster Care-Preschool (MTFC-P)
The EIFC/MTFC-P intervention is delivered through a treatment team approach. Foster parents receive preservice training and ongoing consultation from program staff. Children receive individual therapy and attend a therapeutic playgroup. The intervention emphasizes the use of concrete encouragement for prosocial behavior; consistent, nonabusive limit-setting to address disruptive behavior; and close supervision of the child. The EIFC intervention employs a developmental framework in which the challenges of foster preschoolers are viewed from the perspective of delayed maturation and is oriented toward creating optimal environmental conditions to facilitate developmental progress. These conditions include a responsive and consistent caregiver and a predictable daily routine.
(No Intervention)
Non-maltreated community pre-schoolers from low-income biological families.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
placement stability
time frame: 6 months to 48 months post-intervention

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
attachment and behavioral regulation
time frame: baseline through 48 months post-intervention
neuroendocrine and executive functioning
time frame: baseline through 48 months post-intervention

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 3 years up to 6 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - child age 3 to 6 years currently in foster care - child has entered new foster placement - child currently living in Lane County, Oregon Exclusion Criteria: - child is medically or developmentally unable to complete assessment tasks

Additional Information

Official title Early Intervention Foster Care: A Prevention Trial
Principal investigator Philip A Fisher, PhD
Description The Early Intervention Foster Care project is an ongoing randomized efficacy trial to evaluate the Early Intervention Foster Care Program (EIFC). EIFC, also known at Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care-Preschool (MTFC-P), is a preventive intervention that is specifically designed to address the needs of preschool-aged foster children and their caregivers. Over the first 5 years of the project data was collected from 177 preschool-aged children, 117 of whom were in the Oregon foster care system and 60 of whom were living with their biological families for a community comparison sample. Foster children in the study were randomly assigned to the EIFC experimental intervention condition or a regular foster care condition (RFC). The following hypotheses are under investigation: (1) Relative to children in the RFC condition, children in the EIFC condition will show greater improvements in temporally proximal outcomes (e.g., behavioral/emotional, salivary cortisol, and developmental) and in temporally distal outcomes (e.g., behavioral functioning in the school setting; long-term placement stability, including reunification or adoption; and mental health status, including psychiatric diagnoses). (2) Proximal outcomes over the course of the intervention will predict distal outcomes during the early elementary school years. (3) Proximal outcomes will be mediated by caregivers' childrearing practices—specifically, engagement with and monitoring of the child in the home, the quality and consistency of parental discipline, and the use of positive reinforcement strategies. (4) The same childrearing practices will mediate the psychosocial adjustment of the child in the aftercare setting (i.e., return to family of origin, placement in adoptive home, or continued placement in long-term foster home). (5) The EIFC intervention will cost-effectively reduce the need for mental health and social services for children, decreasing the length of time that children spend in foster care and reducing the need for special education services for children.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2008.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Oregon Social Learning Center.