Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition gastric cancer
Treatments tegafur-gimeracil-oteracil potassium (ts-1), krestin (psk)
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Tokyo Metropolitan Oncology Group
Start date June 2008
End date March 2016
Trial size 480 participants
Trial identifier NCT00687843, TMOG-GC01

Summary

Since it is not uncertain about efficacy of combination therapy with PSK and TS-1 in gastric cancer, in this study, we compare efficacy and safety of postoperative adjuvant therapy using TS-1 or TS-1+PSK in the stage II or III gastric cancer patients.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
The TS-1 group
tegafur-gimeracil-oteracil potassium (ts-1) TS-1
80 mg/m2, PO from day 1 to day 28 of each 42 day cycle. Number of Cycles: 8
(Experimental)
The TS-1+PSK Group
tegafur-gimeracil-oteracil potassium (ts-1) TS-1
80 mg/m2, PO from day 1 to day 28 of each 42 day cycle. Number of Cycles: 8
krestin (psk) PSK
3 g, PO from day 1 to day 336

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Relapse-free survival
time frame: Five years after surgery

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Overall survival, quality of life, drug compliance, adverse events, serial changes of tumor markers
time frame: Five years after surgery

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 20 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patient who is pathologically confirmed as gastric cancer - Patient who has received surgery with D2 or more lymph node dissection and whose final curability of surgical resection is grade A or B - Patient whose final stage is II (except for T1), IIIA, or IIIB - Patient without liver, peritoneal and distant metastasis, and who is negative in peritoneal cytological diagnosis - Patient whose age at the registration is ranging between 20 and 80 years old - Patient who has not received any preoperative therapy including radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy - Patient who has received surgery for gastric cancer within six weeks before the registration, and is judged to be capable of oral administration - Patient who has no serious concurrent complications, and satisfies the following criteria - White blood cell count: > LLN or > 4,000 /mm3 - Platelet count: > 100,000 /mm3 - Serum total bilirubin: < 1.5 mg/dL - Serum AST (GOT), ALT (GPT): < 2.5 * ULN - Serum creatinine: < ULN - Patient who has received an explanation of this study by assent documents, and has given written informed consent to participate in this study Exclusion Criteria: - Patient with metachronous or synchronous multicancer - Patient who contraindicates to TS-1 - Patient who requires continuous use of flucytosine, phenytoin or warfarin potassium - Patient who has experienced serious drug allergy over grade 3 in the past - Patient with serious complications including paralysis of intestine, ileus, interstitial pneumonitis, fibroid lung, uncontrollable diabetes mellitus, heart insufficiency, renal insufficiency or hepatic insufficiency - Patient with diarrhea (watery stool) - Patient who is pregnant or in lactation, or wish to become pregnant during this study - Male patient who intends to make someone pregnant during this study - Patient with HIV positive - Patient who is judged to be inappropriate as subject to this study by the principal investigator or the doctors in charge

Additional Information

Official title Phase III Randomized Controlled Study of Postoperative Adjuvant Therapy Using TS-1 or TS-1+PSK for Stage II or III Gastric Cancer Patients
Description TS-1 is an oral anticancer drug approved in Japan consisting of tegafur (a pro-drug of fluorouracil, 5-FU), gimeracil and oteracil potassium. The response rate of TS-1 in the untreated advanced gastric cancer patients was 44.6% in the late phase II study. In 2007, efficacy of the adjuvant therapy using TS-1 in the resected gastric cancer patients was demonstrated by ACTS-GC study group conducted in Japan. PSK is an oral anticancer drug approved in Japan consisting of protein-bound polysaccharide extracted from mycelium of Trametes (Coriolus) versicolor, a kind of mushroom. Even though survival benefit by PSK in combination with adjuvant chemotherapy using 5-FU or tegafur in the postoperative gastric cancer patients was already demonstrated, it is not uncertain about efficacy of combination therapy with PSK and TS-1 in gastric cancer. In this study, we compare efficacy and safety of postoperative adjuvant therapy using TS-1 or TS-1+PSK in the stage II or III gastric cancer patients.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Tokyo Metropolitan Oncology Group.