Changes in Dopamine Levels Before and After Weight Restoration in People With Anorexia Nervosa
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatments||positron emission tomography (pet) using [11c]raclopride, methylphenidate, magnetic resonance imaging (mri) scan|
|Sponsor||New York State Psychiatric Institute|
|Collaborator||National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)|
|Start date||July 2008|
|End date||July 2015|
|Trial size||51 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00670293, #5700, R01MH079397|
This study will use positron emission tomography imaging to investigate changes in dopamine systems in people with anorexia nervosa before and after weight restoration.
|Observational model||case control|
Dopamine receptor binding potential
time frame: Measured at baseline and after healthy weight restoration
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 45 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: Participants with AN: - Meets DSM-IV criteria for AN or ED-NOS (meets criteria for AN except amenorrhea) - Sufficiently medically and psychiatrically stable to leave inpatient unit, as assessed by clinical team Healthy control participants: - No current or past psychiatric illness - Between 80% and 120% of ideal body weight Exclusion Criteria: All participants: - Current use of psychotropic medication such as antipsychotics or antidepressants - Pregnant or breastfeeding - History of a substance use disorder - Significant medical illness - High blood pressure (resting systolic blood pressure greater than 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure greater than 90 mmHg) - Current or lifetime history of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or other psychotic disorder as defined by DSM-IV-TR - Metal implants or paramagnetic objects contained within the body that may interfere with the MRI scan, as determined in consultation with a neuroradiologist and according to specified reference book guidelines - Exposed to radiation in the workplace or has had a nuclear medicine procedure during the 1 year before study entry - Previous adverse reaction to psychostimulants
|Official title||Imaging of Dopamine Systems in Anorexia Nervosa|
|Principal investigator||Allegra Broft, MD|
|Description||Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a disordered eating disease characterized by a persistent pursuit of thinness, intense fear of weight gain, distorted body image, and obsessive eating habits. People with AN are at high risk for certain health problems, such as depression, osteoporosis, substance abuse, and cardiovascular and neurological complications. Current treatments for AN include different forms of psychotherapy and medications, but the success of these treatments is highly variable among people with AN. A better pathophysiologic understanding of AN is needed in order to develop novel therapeutic strategies for preventing and treating the disorder. Current research is targeting dopamine (DA), a neurotransmitter that is released in response to pleasurable stimuli, such as food and drugs. Animal studies have found that chronic food restriction may alter functioning of the DA system by reducing DA response to food and drug stimuli. A better understanding of the effects of disordered eating on the DA systems of people with AN may provide insight into the development of new and improved treatments for people with AN. This study will use positron emission tomography (PET) imaging to investigate changes in DA systems in people with AN before and after both weight restoration and administration of methylphenidate, a psychostimulant medication. The study will also use PET imaging to compare DA systems of people with AN with DA systems of people who are healthy. This study will involve both healthy participants and participants with AN. Study participation for healthy participants will include two PET scans and one magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, which, if the participants prefer, can all be completed in one study visit. Study participation for participants with AN will include three PET and two MRI scans. The first PET and MRI scans will be performed upon entry into the hospital as an inpatient. The remaining scans will be conducted 2 to 4 weeks after participants have accomplished weight restoration. Including preparation, each MRI study will last about 45 minutes and each PET study will last about 3 hours. For each MRI study, participants will be asked to lie on their backs for 15 minutes in the MRI scanner. For each PET study, participants will first be injected with a dose of [11C]raclopride, a radioactive drug used in brain imaging, and will then lie on their backs for 30 minutes in the PET scanner. One hour before the second PET scan for healthy participants and the third PET scan for participants with AN, participants will receive an oral dose of methylphenidate. During these scans, participants will also undergo blood pressure monitoring and an electrocardiogram (EKG). Once participants no longer feel the effects of the methylphenidate and their vital signs have returned to normal, they will be discharged from the medical center and study participation will be complete.|
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