Tamoxifen in Women With Breast Cancer and in Women at High-Risk of Breast Cancer Who Are Receiving Venlafaxine, Citalopram, Escitalopram, Gabapentin, or Sertraline
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||breast cancer, depression, hot flashes, psychosocial effects of cancer and its treatment|
|Treatments||citalopram hydrobromide, escitalopram oxalate, gabapentin, sertraline hydrochloride, tamoxifen citrate, venlafaxine, molecular genetic technique, high performance liquid chromatography, laboratory biomarker analysis, pharmacological study, adjuvant therapy|
|Collaborator||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Start date||March 2008|
|End date||May 2016|
|Trial size||85 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00667121, 07-006133, CDR0000585065, MC0738, NCI-2011-00406, P30CA015083|
RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood in the laboratory from patients receiving tamoxifen may help doctors learn more about the effects of other drugs on the level of tamoxifen in the blood.
PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying levels of tamoxifen in the blood of women with breast cancer and in women at high risk of breast cancer who are receiving tamoxifen together with venlafaxine, citalopram, escitalopram, gabapentin, or sertraline.
|United States||No locations recruiting|
|Other countries||No locations recruiting|
|Indianapolis, IN||Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center||no longer recruiting|
|Baltimore, MD||Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins||no longer recruiting|
|Ann Arbor, MI||University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center||no longer recruiting|
|Rochester, MN||Mayo Clinic||no longer recruiting|
|Observational model||case control|
Percent change in plasma concentrations of 4-hydroxy tamoxifen and of endoxifen after ≥ 8 weeks of concurrent administration of tamoxifen citrate and a CYP2D6 inhibitor
time frame: Between 8-16 weeks
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 120 years old.
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Meets 1 of the following criteria: - Diagnosis of invasive or non-invasive breast cancer - At high risk for developing breast cancer - Has been receiving tamoxifen citrate for at least 4 weeks without any breaks either for the prevention or the adjuvant treatment of invasive or non-invasive breast cancer at a dose of 20 mg/day - Planning to begin medical therapy with one of the following drugs, as determined by physician: - Venlafaxine - Citalopram hydrobromide - Escitalopram oxalate - Sertraline hydrochloride - Gabapentin - Agrees to continue tamoxifen citrate during the proposed minimum study period of 8 weeks - Known CYP2D6 genotype - Not known to be a CYP2D6 poor metabolizer (defined as homozygous for one of the following CYP2D6 null alleles: *3, *4, *5, *6) as determined from the baseline genotype test - Estrogen receptor-positive disease (for patients with breast cancer) PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - Menopausal status not specified - Life expectancy ≥ 16 weeks - Willing to return to primary site of enrollment for follow-up, including any of the following: - Mayo Clinic Rochester - Indiana University - University of Michigan - Johns Hopkins - Fairfax-Northern Virginia Hematology-Oncology, PC - No contraindication for venlafaxine, citalopram hydrobromide, escitalopram oxalate, gabapentin, or sertraline hydrochloride PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - See Disease Characteristics - More than 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent medications that are known to inhibit the CYP2D6 system
|Official title||The Effect of Antidepressants and Gabapentin on Tamoxifen Pharmacokinetics: A Prospective Study|
|Description||OBJECTIVES: - To examine the changes in the plasma concentrations of the hydroxylated metabolite, 4-hydroxy tamoxifen, and endoxifen in women with known or at high risk for developing breast cancer who are receiving selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor/serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor therapy comprising venlafaxine, citalopram hydrobromide, escitalopram oxalate, gabapentin, or sertraline hydrochloride for the treatment of hot flashes, depression, or any other medically indicated condition. - To evaluate whether genetic variants known to affect the activity of CYP2D6, SULT1A1, and other drug metabolizing enzymes (e.g., UGT's) involved in the biotransformation of tamoxifen citrate affect the plasma concentrations of the hydroxylated metabolites, 4-hydroxy tamoxifen and endoxifen. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive oral tamoxifen citrate and concurrent selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)/serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) therapy comprising oral venlafaxine, citalopram hydrobromide, escitalopram oxalate, sertraline hydrochloride, or gabapentin for 8-24 weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression. Blood samples are obtained at baseline and after completion of study therapy. Samples are evaluated by pharmacokinetic analysis to determine the effects of SSRI/SNRI study drugs on plasma concentrations of tamoxifen and its metabolites. Plasma levels of tamoxifen citrate, N-desmethyl tamoxifen, 4-OH tamoxifen, and endoxifen are measured using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. Blood samples are also analyzed by CYP2D6 genotyping to test for CYP2D6 gene variation (i.e., *3, *4, *6, *10, *17, and *41) in genes that encode tamoxifen-metabolizing enzymes. Additional CYP2D6 alleles, including gene duplication and gene deletion (*5) are assessed.|
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