Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition chronic pain
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Asokumar Buvanendran
Start date April 2008
End date July 2017
Trial size 450 participants
Trial identifier NCT00659035, ABuv111407

Summary

Many patients seen at Pain Centers are advised not to drive if they are on long-term opioid medications. Although such advice is routinely given considering patients' safety, unnecessary restrictions to driving can cause inconvenience to the patients and delay their treatment. Such restrictions also pose social and legal questions to patients and physicians.

The investigators would like to test such patients' ability to drive under oral opioids using a driving simulator at the Pain Center. This simulator is like a video game with computer and a steering wheel to simulate real life driving. The driving simulator provides measure on several outcome measures, such as attention, reaction time, etc. allowing us to specifically address question pertaining to any cognitive or behavioral differences.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model case control
Time perspective cross-sectional
Arm
Subjects receiving 1-10 mg/day of morphine or its equivalent doses of opioid medications through intrathecal route. Intrathecal medications are administered through a catheter in spinal cord
Subjects receiving oral opioids (morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, methadone), but not also receiving anticonvulsants (gabapentin, pregabalin, topiramate), muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, or diphenylhydramine for at least a week before testing; low dose antidepressants and/or NSAIDs are OK
Subjects receiving oral opioids (morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, methadone) and anticonvulsants (gabapentin, pregabalin, topiramate), but not also receiving muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, or diphenylhydramine for at least a week before testing; low dose antidepressants and/or NSAIDs are OK
Subject not receiving opioid medications, anticonvulsants (gabapentin, pregabalin, topiramate), muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, or diphenylhydramine for at least a week before testing; low dose antidepressants and/or NSAIDs are OK.
Age-matched volunteers (NO PAIN) not receiving opioid medications, anticonvulsants (gabapentin, pregabalin, topiramate), muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, or diphenylhydramine for at least a week before testing; low dose antidepressants and/or NSAIDs are OK.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Weaving, measured as standard deviation of lateral position.
time frame: 1 h

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Reaction time
time frame: 1 h

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Driving license Exclusion Criteria: - Any other drug or condition that would impair driving ability - History of seizures

Additional Information

Official title Use of Driving Tests to Evaluate Patient Performance on Oral Opioids
Principal investigator Asokumar Buvanendran, MD
Description Many patients seen at Pain Centers are advised not to drive if they are on long-term opioid medications. Although such advice is routinely given considering patients' safety, unnecessary restrictions to driving can cause inconvenience to the patients and delay their treatment. Such restrictions also pose social and legal questions to patients and physicians. The investigators would like to test such patients' ability to drive under oral opioids using a driving simulator at the Pain Centre. This simulator is like a video game with computer and a steering wheel to simulate real life driving. The driving simulator provides measure on several outcome measures, such as attention, reaction time, etc. allowing us to specifically address question pertaining to any cognitive or behavioral differences. A pilot phase, for feasibility, included 80 subjects. This phase will include a comparison with a random selection of 450 patients receiving one of the following 5 treatments: Group 1 (IT): Subjects receiving 1-10 mg/day of morphine or its equivalent doses of opioid medications through intrathecal route. Intrathecal medications are administered through a catheter in spinal cord Group 2 (Oral): Subjects receiving oral opioids (morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, methadone), but not also receiving anticonvulsants (gabapentin, pregabalin, topiramate), muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, or diphenylhydramine for at least a week before testing; low dose antidepressants and/or NSAIDs are OK Group 3 (Oral + Anticonvulsant): Subjects receiving oral opioids (morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, methadone) and anticonvulsants (gabapentin, pregabalin, topiramate), but not also receiving muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, or diphenylhydramine for at least a week before testing; low dose antidepressants and/or NSAIDs are OK Group 4 (Control -Pain) Subject not receiving opioid medications, anticonvulsants (gabapentin, pregabalin, topiramate), muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, or diphenylhydramine for at least a week before testing; low dose antidepressants and/or NSAIDs are OK. Group 5 (Control -No Pain) Age-matched volunteers (NO PAIN) not receiving opioid medications, anticonvulsants (gabapentin, pregabalin, topiramate), muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, or diphenylhydramine for at least a week before testing; low dose antidepressants and/or NSAIDs are OK. First group has 50 patients and the rest will have 100 patients each.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Rush University Medical Center.