This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions acute myeloid leukemia, advanced myelodysplastic syndromes
Treatment busulfan, melphalan, fludarabine, anti-thymocyte globulin, palifermin, stem cell transplant
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Start date February 2008
End date February 2018
Trial size 52 participants
Trial identifier NCT00629798, 08-008


This study will see if the researchers can lower that risk by giving the patient Palifermin. This drug helps protect the lining of the mouth, throat, and stomach. These areas typically get sores or ulcers while the blood cell counts are very low. The patient can get infections in or from these sores. Palifermin might also help the immune system recover faster. It is currently approved for patients who receive their own stem cells. That is called an autologous transplant. This study will test the use of Palifermin for T-cell depleted allogeneic stem cell transplants.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking no masking
This is a single arm phase II trial to assess the efficacy (decrease the transplant related mortality) and safety of peri-transplant Palifermin in combination with a preparative regimen with busulfan, melphalan, fludarabine, and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG), and a T cell depleted stem cell transplant from a histocompatible related or unrelated donor in patients with advanced MDS and AML evolved from MDS. The addition of Palifermin is to decrease the toxicity and the infection rate associated with this regimen and transplant type and to foster earlier immune reconstitution.
busulfan, melphalan, fludarabine, anti-thymocyte globulin, palifermin, stem cell transplant Patients will receive ATG for two doses prior to transplant.
Patients will receive Palifermin 60 mcg/kg/day IV on three consecutive days with the last dose administered no less than 24 and no more than 48 hr prior to start of cytoreduction. The preparative regimen to be used for transplants will consist: of busulfan administered in 12 doses over three days of 0.8 mg/kg IV for patients > or = to 4 years of age or 1.0 mg/kg IV for patients < 4 years of age; melphalan 70 mg/m2 IV x 2 days; and, fludarabine 25 mg/m2 IV x 5 days

Primary Outcomes

To reduce the early transplant-related mortality.
time frame: conclusion of study

Secondary Outcomes

To improve the quality of immune reconstitution following transplantation.
time frame: conclusion of study
To reduce the incidence rate of fatal post transplant infectious complications.
time frame: conclusion of study

Eligibility Criteria

All participants up to 65 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients should be < 65 years. Patients > or equal to 65 years will be accrued on a case by case basis after discussion and approval by the BMT Service. - Patients may be of either gender or any ethnic background. - Patients must have a Karnofsky or Lansky Performance Status > or equal to 70%. - Patients must have adequate organ function measured by: * Cardiac: asymptomatic or if symptomatic then LVEF at rest must be > or equal to 50% and must improve with exercise. - Hepatic: < 3x ULN ALT and < 1.5 total serum bilirubin, unless there is congenital benign hyperbilirubinemia. - Renal: serum creatinine < than or equal to 1.2 mg/dl or if serum creatinine is outside the normal range, then CrCl > 60-ml/min/1.73 m2 - Pulmonary: asymptomatic or if symptomatic, DLCO > 50% of predicted (corrected for hemoglobin) - Each patient must be willing to participate as a research subject and must sign an informed consent form. - Parent or legal guardians of patients who are minors will sign the informed consent form. Exclusion Criteria: - Active CNS or skin leukemic involvement - Female patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding - Active viral, bacterial or fungal infection - Patient seropositive for HIV-I/II; HTLV -I/II - Patients who have undergone a prior allogeneic or autologous stem cell transplant within the previous six months. - Patients who have had a previous malignancy that is not in remission.

Additional Information

Official title A Phase II Trial of Busulfan, Melphalan, and Fludarabine With Peri-transplant Palifermin, Followed by a T-Cell Depleted Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant From HLA Matched or Mismatched Related or Unrelated Donors in Patients With Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) and Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Principal investigator Hugo Castro-Malaspina, MD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.