This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions immunosuppression, kidney transplantation, graft rejection
Treatment infusion of donor hematopoietic stem cells and campath-1h
Sponsor Northwestern University
Collaborator National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Start date July 2007
End date February 2018
Trial size 230 participants
Trial identifier NCT00619528, 2R01DK025243-25A2, R01DK025243


The purpose of this study is to attempt to eliminate the necessity of immunosuppressive therapy for HLA-identical sibling Kidney Transplants, examine cellular chimerism of donor hematopoietic stem cell (DHSC) lineages for pairs to demonstrate immunologic unresponsiveness, and to investigate the safety and efficacy of the treatment regimen including withdrawal of immunosuppression after one year post-transplant for those recipients having received DHSC infusions.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model factorial assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
No separate arms: All Enrolled Receive Same Treatment
infusion of donor hematopoietic stem cells and campath-1h
Intervention: a four-dose (peri-operative and 3, 6, and 9-month boost) DHSC infusion protocol using two-dose Campath-1H induction combined with transient (conditioning) Tacrolimus/Sirolimus and MMF therapy will result in a high degree of macro-chimerism (>10%), and a robust prolonged donor-specific (post-thymic) immunoregulatory condition that will allow renal transplant survival in the absence of permanent immunosuppression.

Primary Outcomes

The ability to withdraw immunosuppression as above 24 months post-transplant with follow-up to 10 years.
time frame: 24 months post-transplant with follow-up to 10 years.
Patient and graft survival measured at the one-year timepoint post-transplant.
time frame: One Year

Secondary Outcomes

Patient and graft survival measured at the three year timepoint post-transplant..
time frame: Three years post-transplant.
Incidence rate of biopsy-proven acute rejection, defined as a renal biopsy demonstrating acute cellular or humoral rejection of Banff Grade IA or greater.
time frame: Up to 5 years Post-Transplant
Incidence of chronic allograft nephropathy, determined using renal biopsies and laboratory values, including 24 hour urine protein excretion.
time frame: Up to 5 years post transplant
Incidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD).
time frame: Up to 5 years Post-Transplant
Incidence of adverse events associated w/ renal transplantation and immunosuppression, including infections, malignancies, post transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD), thromboembolic events, hyperlipidemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, GI toxic
time frame: Up to 5 years Post-Transplant

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patient fully informed, signed dated Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved informed consent form obtained directly by the P.I., Co-P.I., or Res. Nurse, and willing to follow study procedures for the duration of study (3 yrs). - Recipient: a hematocrit of ≥ 33%, and a hemoglobin of ≥ 11.0 g/dL. - Weight > 40 kg. - Primary renal allograft: living related (HLA-identical donor-recipient sibling pairs) - Negative B-cell and T-cell cytotoxic cross-match, and a low (≤ 10%) Panel Reactive Antibody (PRA) using cytotoxicity. - Women of childbearing potential: negative qualitative serum pregnancy test. - Patients studied equivalently as available for transplant using criteria, w/out regard to gender, race, or ethnicity. - Normal echocardiogram w/ ejection fraction >50%. - Male participants w/ reproductive potential agree to use approved methods of birth control during treatment w/ Campath-1H and for minimum of 6 months following last dose. Female participants of childbearing potential agree to use approved methods of birth control for duration of participation in study. - Patient agrees to follow-up every 2 months after year 3, up to 10 years. Exclusion Criteria: - Patient previously received/receiving transplant other than kidney. - Patient receiving ABO (blood type) incompatible donor kidney. - Recipient/donor is ELISA positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), antibody positive for hep. C, or surface antigen positive for hep. B. - Patient has current malignancy or history of malignancy (within past 5 years), except non-metastatic basal or squa¬mous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix that has been treated successfully. - Patients w/ significant liver disease, defined as having during past 28 days continuously elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST (SGOT)) and/or Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT (SGPT)) levels greater than 3 times the upper value of the normal range at this center. - Patient has uncontrolled concomitant infections and/or severe diarrhea, vomiting, active upper gastro-intestinal tract malabsorption or active peptic ulcer or other unstable medical condition that could interfere w/ study objectives. - Patient currently receiving investigational drug or received an investigational drug within 30 days pre-transplant. - Patient currently receiving immunosuppressive agent. - In investigator's judgment, anticipated that patient unable to take medications orally or via nasogastric tube by morning of second day (i.e., skin closure). - Concurrent use of warfarin, fluvastatin, astemizole, pimozide, cisapride, terfenadine, or ketoconazole. - Patient hypersensitivity to tacrolimus, Campath-1H, Thymoglobulin, daclizumab (Zenapax®), sirolimus, MMF or corticosteroids. - Patient pregnant or lactating. - Patients w/ screening/baseline total white blood cell count <4000/mm3; platelet count <100,000/mm3; fasting triglycerides >400 mg/dl (>4.6 mmol/L); fasting total cholesterol >300 mg/dl (>7.8 mmol/L); fasting HDL-cholesterol <30 mg/dl; fasting LDL-cholesterol >200 mg/dl. - Patient unlikely to comply w/ visits. - Patient w/ any form of substance abuse, psychiatric disorder or condition that, in investigator's opinion, may invalidate communication. - Expected that tacrolimus cannot be instituted for over 5 days post-operatively. - Patients w/ cytotoxic PRA value >10% any time pre-enrollment. - Patients w/ Graves disease, unless previously treated w/ radioiodine ablative therapy. - History of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)

Additional Information

Official title HLA-Identical Sibling Renal Transplant Tolerance With Donor Hematopoietic Stem Cells and Campath-1H
Principal investigator Joshua Miller, MD
Description Primary Study Objectives: 1. To remove all immunosuppressive therapy from recipients of HLA-identical sibling renal transplants within 24 months of transplantation. 2. To detect and follow cellular (macro) chimerism of donor hematopoietic stem cell (DHSC) lineages and the generation of T-regulatory cells using specialized immunomonitoring assays for these donor/recipient pairs to demonstrate specific immunologic unresponsiveness. 3. To investigate the safety and efficacy of a treatment regimen consisting of induction therapy with Campath-1H and steroid-free low dose maintenance immunosuppression, consisting of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and tacrolimus converted to sirolimus. This is to be followed by complete withdrawal of immunosuppression beginning at one year, at a minimum, post transplant, in recipients who have also been given four infusions of purified donor hematopoietic Cluster of Differentiation (CD)34+ stem cells (DHSC).
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Northwestern University.