Levetiracetam (Keppra) Tolerability in Cocaine Abusing Methadone-maintained Patients.
This trial has been completed.
|Conditions||cocaine dependence, opioid dependence|
|Start date||January 2007|
|End date||August 2007|
|Trial size||15 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00593125, UBC,Inc, VA HSS GG 0004, Yale-0508000534|
The proposed investigation will use methadone maintained patients who have concurrent cocaine dependence in order to take advantage of the excellent (over 80%) treatment retention in this patient group and to maximize treatment compliance by daily observed medication with both methadone and levetiracetam. In the initial patients we will explore the tolerability of escalating doses of levetiracetam as well as its potential role in reducing cocaine use, as monitored by self-report and verified by three-times weekly urine toxicology testing in methadone treated patients.The specific aim of this study is to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of levetiracetam 3 grams/day in modifying cocaine-using behavior, reducing cocaine craving and attenuating cocaine's reinforcing effect among methadone-maintained patients
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
Medication emergent side-effects
time frame: 12-weeks
Thrice weekly urine toxicology
time frame: 12 weeks
Weekly self-report of cocaine and opioid use
time frame: 12-weeks
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: 1. Between the ages of 18-65 years. 2. Participants must demonstrate current opioid dependence as determined by study physician, self-reported history of opioid dependence for one year and a positive urine of opiates. Participants may be transferred from other methadone maintenance programs, including the WHVA methadone program. 3. Participants also must be current users of cocaine with self-reported use of cocaine > 1 time/week in at least one month preceding study entry, cocaine-positive urine screen and score over 3 as assessed with the Severity Dependence Scale (Kaye & Darke 2002). 4. Women of childbearing age are eligible to be included in the study if they have a negative pregnancy test at screening, agree to adequate contraception to prevent pregnancy, to have monthly pregnancy tests, and they understand the risk of fetal toxicity due to medication and cocaine. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Current diagnosis of other drug or alcohol dependence (other than opiates, cocaine or tobacco). 2. Patients with serious medical illness (e.g., major cardiovascular, renal, endocrine, hepatic, and serious neurological disorders including any history of seizures). 3. Patients with current serious psychiatric illness or history of psychosis, schizophrenia, bipolar type I disorder and subjects with suicidal or homicidal thoughts or taking psychotropic medications. 4. Women who are pregnant, nursing or refuse to use a reliable form of birth control or refuse monthly testing. 5. Screening liver function tests (SGOT or SGPT) greater than 3 times normal and renal function test (creatinine) greater than 1.5 mg/dl.
|Official title||Levetiracetam (Keppra) Tolerability and Efficacy in Cocaine Abusing Methadone-maintained Patients.|
|Principal investigator||Gerardo Gonzalez, MD|
|Description||This 12-week open-label clinical trial will provide treatment for 15 cocaine-dependent opioid dependent patients. Participants, aged 18-65 years, will receive levetiracetam 3000 mg/day while concurrently receiving treatment with methadone. Baseline cocaine use will be determined during the first week of treatment participation. The study design will have three overlapping phases that are summarized below: 1) A one week methadone fixed induction (week 1) and flexible stabilization phase (weeks 2-9); 2) an 8-week "treatment" phase (weeks 2-9), consisting of slow titration and stabilization on study medication; and 3) a four week "taper, detoxification or transfer" phase (weeks 9-12). During the first week of induction onto methadone, participants will be administered fixed increasing doses of methadone starting at 30 mg daily and increased to 60 mg daily by the end of the first week. This methadone dose will be adjusted for stabilization of opiate withdrawal symptoms using a flexible dosing from 40 mg up to 150 mg. This range has been found to be adequate for the vast majority of patients receiving methadone in our program and is designed to accommodate participants who may not be able to tolerate the higher maintenance doses or may still experience withdrawal symptoms, respectively. We may increase or decrease this amount on a case-by-case basis based on physician assessment of self-reported and observed symptoms. Starting on week 2 subjects will receive levetiracetam 500mg/day and this dose will be slowly titrated to a total of 3000mg/day or maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Subjects will remain on their full dosage through week 8. At the end of week 8, participants will undergo detoxification from methadone over a 4-week period (weeks 8-12) and discontinuation from levetiracetam over a concurrent 2-week period. All participants will receive weekly 1-hour of individual psychotherapy (Cognitive Behavioral Treatment) with experienced clinicians specifically trained to deliver the therapy and who will receive ongoing supervision. The primary outcomes will be reported medication side effects (medication tolerability), and reduction in cocaine use, as assessed by self-report and thrice-weekly urinalyses. Secondary outcomes will include weeks in treatment (retention), and change in measures of: cocaine craving, anxiety symptoms and opiate withdrawal symptoms. This study will occur at the Outpatient Treatment Research Program in Building 36 at the VA CT Healthcare System.|
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