Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions food hypersensitivity, hypersensitivity, immediate hypersensitivity, peanut hypersensitivity
Treatments glycerinated peanut allergenic extract, placebo for peanut extract (glycerin)
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Collaborator Consortium of Food Allergy Research
Start date December 2007
End date December 2010
Trial size 40 participants
Trial identifier NCT00580606, DAIT CoFAR4

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and immune response to daily sublingual (under the tongue) immunotherapy (SLIT) with peanut extract in adults and children with peanut allergies.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Subjects ingest peanut protein (glycerinated peanut allergenic extract) daily starting with 0.000165 mcg, followed by a build-up phase (escalating peanut doses every 2 weeks, achieving maintenance dose by 36 weeks). Thereafter, subjects are on a maximally tolerated maintenance dose (165 mcg to 1,386 mcg) for >= 8 weeks. After Week 44, subjects are given a 5,000 mg Oral Food Challenge (OFC) using peanut powder. Subjects/study staff are unblinded following this OFC and continue on an open label peanut protein maintenance dose of 1,386 mcg/day or may attempt escalation up to this dose. Subjects who at the Week 116 OFC are unable to consume >= 5,000 mg peanut powder or 10-fold the amount of peanut powder compared to the baseline OFC will discontinue study therapy. SLIT=Sublingual Immunotherapy.
glycerinated peanut allergenic extract Peanut SLIT
Glycerinated peanut extract delivered sublingually.
(Placebo Comparator)
Subjects ingest placebo (glycerin) daily beginning with a dose of 0.000165 mcg, followed by a build-up phase (escalating placebo doses every 2 weeks, achieving a maintenance dose by 36 weeks). Thereafter, subjects are on a maximally tolerated maintenance dose (165 mcg to 1,386 mcg) for >= 8 weeks. After Week 44, subjects are given a 5,000 mg Oral Food Challenge (OFC) using peanut powder. Subjects/study staff are unblinded following this OFC and subjects no longer receive placebo dosing but are crossed over and receive open label high dose peanut SLIT; the study procedures and schedule are the same as for the Low Dose Peanut SLIT group, the only difference is the maximum maintenance dose is almost 3-fold higher at 3,696 mcg/day. DB=Double Blind, SLIT=Sublingual Immunotherapy, OL=Open Label.
placebo for peanut extract (glycerin)
Placebo (glycerin) delivered sublingually.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Percent of Participants Who Successfully Consumed 5,000 mg of Peanut Powder or at Least a 10-fold Increase in the Amount of Peanut Powder Compared to Their Baseline Oral Food Challenge
time frame: Week 44 (Double Blind Period)

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Percent of Participants Who Achieved a Maintenance Dose of 1,386 Mcg
time frame: Week 44 (Double Blind Period)
Percent of Crossover Participants Who Successfully Consumed 5,000 mg of Peanut Powder or at Least a 10-fold Increase in the Amount of Peanut Powder Compared to Their Baseline Oral Food Challenge After 44 Weeks of Open Label Peanut Protein Consumption
time frame: Week 44 after initiating crossover open label peanut protein consumption
Percent of Crossover Participants Who Achieved an Open Label Peanut Protein Consumption Maintenance Dose of 3,696 Mcg
time frame: Week 44 after initiating crossover open label peanut protein consumption
Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs)
time frame: Baseline through Week 44 (Double Blind Period)
Number of Crossover Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) During 44 Weeks of Open Label Peanut Protein Consumption
time frame: Initiation of open label peanut protein study therapy through Week 44 of open label peanut protein consumption
Percent of Participants Who Successfully Consumed 10,000 mg of Peanut Powder
time frame: Approximately 8 weeks after discontinuing study therapy after 3 years on maintenance study therapy

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 12 years up to 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Physician-diagnosed peanut allergy OR convincing clinical history of peanut allergy - Reacts to a cumulative dose of 2,000 mg or less of peanut powder - Positive peanut allergy skin prick test OR detectable serum peanut-specific IgE level - Willing to use an acceptable method of contraception for the duration of the study - Ability to perform spirometry maneuver in accordance with the American Thoracic Society guidelines Exclusion Criteria: - History of severe anaphylaxis to peanut - Currently participating in a study using a new investigational new drug - Participation in any interventional study for the treatment of food allergy in the 12 months prior to study entry - Allergic to placebo ingredients (glycerin or oat flour) OR reacts to any dose of placebo during study entry oral food challenge (OFC) - Currently in a buildup phase of any allergy immunotherapy - Poor control of atopic dermatitis - Moderate or severe asthma despite therapy - Current treatment with greater than medium daily doses of inhaled corticosteroids - Use of steroid medications - Use of omalizumab or other nontraditional forms of allergen immunomodulatory therapy (not including corticosteroids) or biologic therapy in the 12 months prior to study entry - Use of beta blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers, or calcium channel blockers - Inability to discontinue antihistamines for skin testing and OFCs - History of ischemic cardiovascular disease - History of alcohol or drug abuse - Other significant medical conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, prevent participation in the study - Previous intubation due to allergies or asthma - Uncontrolled high blood pressure - Pregnancy or breastfeeding

Additional Information

Official title Sublingual Immunotherapy for Peanut Allergy: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase I/II Pilot Study With a Whole Peanut Extract
Principal investigator Hugh A. Sampson, MD
Description Peanut allergy is a common ailment in the United States. Research suggests that the prevalence of peanut allergy in the United States has doubled over the last 5 years. Currently, the only effective treatment for peanut allergy is a peanut-free diet and quick access to self-injectable epinephrine in the event of peanut exposure. The sublingual route is a potential method to administer immunotherapy for the treatment of food allergies. The intent of this study is to induce desensitization and eventually tolerance to peanut protein and evaluate the safety and immunologic effects of daily sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) for individuals with peanut allergy. The trial will enroll 40 participants. After the first 10 participants between the ages of 18 and 40 are enrolled, safety information will be reviewed. If there are no safety concerns, the study will continue to enroll the remaining participants between the ages of 12 and 40. This clinical trial will last 172 to 216 weeks. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive peanut SLIT or placebo SLIT. All participants will have an entry oral food challenge (OFC). The treatment group will receive gradual dosing escalations of peanut SLIT and maintenance therapy over a 44-week period, followed by another OFC. Following the OFC, participants will be unblinded, and the placebo group will receive peanut SLIT escalated to a higher maximum dose than the first treatment group. Maintenance therapy will continue for both groups for more than 2 years. Study visits will occur every 2 weeks during dosing escalations of peanut SLIT, followed by visits gradually spacing out during maintenance to every 12 weeks. At selected visits, a physical examination, skin prick tests, blood and urine collection, and atopic dermatitis and asthma evaluations will occur. Approximately 6 OFCs will be administered to each participant throughout the course of the study. Additionally, 10 participants will be enrolled as control participants who will not receive any study therapy and will only have blood drawn at 3 visits throughout the course of the trial.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).