Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition newly diagnosed cancer patients
Treatments hospital counseling + nicotine replacement therapy. questionaires, hospital counseling + nicotine replacement + presurgical scheduled reduced smoking, questionaires
Sponsor Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Collaborator M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Start date October 2002
End date October 2017
Trial size 204 participants
Trial identifier NCT00575718, 02-094

Summary

The purpose of this study is to see if we can find ways to improve the treatment of tobacco dependence in patients who have cancer or may have cancer. We will compare two ways to help people quit tobacco use before surgery and to stay quit after surgery. One way is a scheduled reduced smoking program followed by use of the nicotine patch. In this program, the tobacco user will gradually cut down on their tobacco use until they quit. Once they quit, they will be offered the nicotine patch. We will compare this approach to our current program of counseling and use of nicotine patch. What we learn from this study may help us to develop new ways to help tobacco users and improve our current smoking cessation program.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Hospital Counseling + Nicotine Replacement Therapy (HC+NRT)
hospital counseling + nicotine replacement therapy. questionaires
brief face-to-face or telephone tobacco cessation counseling provided by a tobacco cessation specialist prior to admission and during hospitalization (15-20 minutes per encounter)provision of multi-media self-help materials (e.g., "Smoking Cessation Guide for Cancer Patients and Their Families") tailored to address cancer-specific issues such as the benefits and barriers of quitting for cancer patients; 3) tobacco cessation pharmacotherapy, unless medically contraindicated (for this study we will standardize the pharmacotherapy as transdermal nicotine patch), and; 4) two brief telephone counseling (15 minutes) sessions completed as seen clinically appropriate by the tobacco cessation specialists. The content of these counseling sessions is based on the patient's smoking status.
(Experimental)
Hospital Counseling + Nicotine Replacement Therapy + Pre-surgical Schedule Reduced Smoking (HC+NRT+PS/SRS)
hospital counseling + nicotine replacement + presurgical scheduled reduced smoking, questionaires
Same components of HC+NRT as well as the PS/SRS enhancement.The research team will provide education about scheduled reduced smoking either in person or over the phone. Purpose of the training session, will be audio taped, to prepare participants for daily PDA use over the dur of the scheduled-reduced smoking intervention. Training will demonstrate use of PDA and simulate common technical and procedural issues that might arise during the intervention (e.g., forgetting to record a cigarette or wake time; repeating a day's schedule if needed, prior to the quit date). The simulation will reflect anticipated problems and those identified by users of the PDA. A study helpline number and instructional manual will be provided. A member of the research staff will contact the study participants, once the reduced smoking schedule has begun, to check that the patient understands the schedule and that the PDA is working properly. Estimate patient training with the PDA will require 30 minutes.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
efficacy of a presurgical smoking cessation intervention that adds scheduled reduced smoking, a highly effective behavioral treatment in non-medically ill tobacco users, to enhanced usual care, i.e., hospital counseling and nicotine replacement therapy.
time frame: will be measured at hospital admission, and 3 and 6 months post-hospital admission.

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
whether addition of a presurgical scheduled reduced smoking intervention improves smoking cessation and long-term abstinence rates c/w hospital counseling and nicotine transdermal patch (enhanced usual care) for recently diagnosed cancer patients.
time frame: 6-8 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age 18 years or older - Smokers who typically smoke > 8 cigarettes per day who have smoked within the last 7 days or other tobacco users with high frequency of use (> 8 per day) within the last 7 days; - Diagnosed with cancer or have a mass suspicious of cancer that is NOT distant metastatic cancer at the time of enrollment; - Likely candidate for surgical treatment no sooner than 7 days from study entry; - Absence of gross psychopathology or cognitive impairment; - Can be reached by telephone; - Have manual dexterity and sensory (i.e., visual and auditory) acuity sufficient to use a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA); - Provide informed consent.

Additional Information

Official title Presurgical Smoking Cessation Intervention for Cancer Patients: The Resolve Study
Principal investigator Jamie Ostroff, PhD
Description Smoking cessation offers an important way for newly diagnosed cancer patients to take an active role in their treatment and recovery. Quitting tobacco use decreases cancer patients' risk of disease recurrence and development of second primary cancers. In addition, preoperative tobacco cessation may reduce the likelihood of perioperative pulmonary, cardiovascular, and wound healing complications. Due to increased awareness of the health hazards of tobacco use, rates of cessation after cancer diagnosis are high. However, 35% to 69% of patients continue to use tobacco and this is largely due to strong barriers to quitting (low-self efficacy, psychological distress) rather than lack of positive intentions to quit. Previous attempts to increase smoking cessation among the medically ill have provided intervention either during or after hospitalization. We propose that the period immediately prior to hospitalization and surgery represents a unique window of opportunity, or "teachable moment," for smoking cessation that could take full advantage of patients' enhanced health awareness and quitting motivation, strong physician quitting advice, and patients' heightened desire to take an active role in their care.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.