Smoking Cessation Intervention for Cancer Patients
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||newly diagnosed cancer patients|
|Treatments||hospital counseling + nicotine replacement therapy. questionaires, hospital counseling + nicotine replacement + presurgical scheduled reduced smoking, questionaires|
|Sponsor||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|
|Collaborator||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|
|Start date||October 2002|
|End date||October 2017|
|Trial size||204 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00575718, 02-094|
The purpose of this study is to see if we can find ways to improve the treatment of tobacco dependence in patients who have cancer or may have cancer. We will compare two ways to help people quit tobacco use before surgery and to stay quit after surgery. One way is a scheduled reduced smoking program followed by use of the nicotine patch. In this program, the tobacco user will gradually cut down on their tobacco use until they quit. Once they quit, they will be offered the nicotine patch. We will compare this approach to our current program of counseling and use of nicotine patch. What we learn from this study may help us to develop new ways to help tobacco users and improve our current smoking cessation program.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
efficacy of a presurgical smoking cessation intervention that adds scheduled reduced smoking, a highly effective behavioral treatment in non-medically ill tobacco users, to enhanced usual care, i.e., hospital counseling and nicotine replacement therapy.
time frame: will be measured at hospital admission, and 3 and 6 months post-hospital admission.
whether addition of a presurgical scheduled reduced smoking intervention improves smoking cessation and long-term abstinence rates c/w hospital counseling and nicotine transdermal patch (enhanced usual care) for recently diagnosed cancer patients.
time frame: 6-8 months
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Age 18 years or older - Smokers who typically smoke > 8 cigarettes per day who have smoked within the last 7 days or other tobacco users with high frequency of use (> 8 per day) within the last 7 days; - Diagnosed with cancer or have a mass suspicious of cancer that is NOT distant metastatic cancer at the time of enrollment; - Likely candidate for surgical treatment no sooner than 7 days from study entry; - Absence of gross psychopathology or cognitive impairment; - Can be reached by telephone; - Have manual dexterity and sensory (i.e., visual and auditory) acuity sufficient to use a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA); - Provide informed consent.
|Official title||Presurgical Smoking Cessation Intervention for Cancer Patients: The Resolve Study|
|Principal investigator||Jamie Ostroff, PhD|
|Description||Smoking cessation offers an important way for newly diagnosed cancer patients to take an active role in their treatment and recovery. Quitting tobacco use decreases cancer patients' risk of disease recurrence and development of second primary cancers. In addition, preoperative tobacco cessation may reduce the likelihood of perioperative pulmonary, cardiovascular, and wound healing complications. Due to increased awareness of the health hazards of tobacco use, rates of cessation after cancer diagnosis are high. However, 35% to 69% of patients continue to use tobacco and this is largely due to strong barriers to quitting (low-self efficacy, psychological distress) rather than lack of positive intentions to quit. Previous attempts to increase smoking cessation among the medically ill have provided intervention either during or after hospitalization. We propose that the period immediately prior to hospitalization and surgery represents a unique window of opportunity, or "teachable moment," for smoking cessation that could take full advantage of patients' enhanced health awareness and quitting motivation, strong physician quitting advice, and patients' heightened desire to take an active role in their care.|
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