Mechanisms of Diabetes Control After Weight Loss Surgery
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||surgical condition before and after gastric bypass surgery, diet condition: before and after a weight loss equivalent to what patients lose 1 month after gbp 9approximately 10kg)|
|Treatments||gastric bypass surgery, diet induced weight loss|
|Sponsor||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|
|Start date||September 2005|
|End date||December 2010|
|Trial size||20 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00571220, DK67561 (completed)|
Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are increasing in the US. One third of patients seeking bariatric surgery have T2DM. Although all surgeries result in significant weight loss and often 'cure' the T2DM, the rapid onset and the magnitude of the benefits of gastric bypass (GBP) on T2DM has thus far baffled clinical scientists. Limited data suggest that the improvement in T2DM after GBP occurs very rapidly, and may not be wholly accounted for by weight loss. Secretion of incretins (gut peptides secreted in response to meals which enhance insulin secretion) is impaired in T2DM and improves after GBP, possibly due to the specific anatomical changes after this surgery. While some determinants of impaired insulin secretion, such as glucotoxicity, improve equally after diet or surgical weight loss, the improvement in the incretin effect after GBP might be specific to this surgery. The AIM of this study is to determine whether the magnitude of the incretin effect on insulin secretion is greater after GBP than after an equivalent diet-induced weight loss. We will compare, in obese patients with diabetes, randomized to very low calorie diet or to GBP, the effect of an equivalent weight loss on the incretin effect (difference in insulin secretion after comparable oral and intravenous (IV) glucose loads). As more obese diabetic patients undergo GBP, understanding the mechanisms that produce improvement in their diabetes is increasingly important.
|Observational model||case control|
Male or female participants from 21 years up to 60 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - morbidly obese with type 2 diabetes candidates and being evaluated at our instituion for bariatric surgery (group1); morbidly obese patients with type 2 diabetes who want to lsoe weight by diet. Exclusion Criteria: - any condition that would be contra-indicated for bariatric surgery (ex:unstable angina) - diabetes treated by insulin, TZD, exenatide, DPP-IV inhibitors - HbA1C > 8%
|Official title||Mechanisms of Diabetes Control After Weight Loss Surgery|
|Principal investigator||Blandine Laferrere, MD|
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