This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions multiple myeloma, newly diagnosed patients
Treatments melphalan, lenalidomide, prednisone
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus
Start date June 2007
End date August 2009
Trial size 402 participants
Trial identifier NCT00551928, RV-MM-PI-209


To compare the efficacy of the combination of lenalidomide with low-dose melphalan versus high-dose melphalan in newly diagnosed, symptomatic MM patients.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
(Active Comparator)
Oral therapy with Lenalidomide Melphalan and Prednisone.
Six months of oral therapy with Lenalidomide 10mg/day given 21 days in every 28 days cycle with the combination ofMelphalan and steroids (day 22 to 28), for 6 cycles every 28 days.
Given orally at the dose of 2 mg/Kg for 4 days followed by a 24 day rest period (days 5 to 28), for 6 cycles every 28 days
Melphalan will be given orally at the dose of 0.18 mg/Kg for 4 days, followed by a 24 days rest period (day 5 to 28)for 6 cycles every 28 days
(Active Comparator)
High dose Melphalan therapy (200mg/sm)with autologous stem cell support, for 2 cycles every 4 months (only 1 cycle if the patient reached almost a VGPR after the 1st MEL200)
High dose Melphalan 200mg/sm with autologous stem cell support

Primary Outcomes

Progression free survival
time frame: 5 years

Secondary Outcomes

Over all survival
time frame: 5 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patient is, in the investigator(s) opinion, willing and able to comply with the protocol requirements. - Patient has given voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to their future medical care. - Patient is 65 years old or younger at the time of signing the informed consent - Female patient is either post-menopausal or surgically sterilized or willing to use an acceptable double method of birth control (i.e., a hormonal contraceptive, intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, or abstinence) for the duration of the study. - Negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin ( β-HCG) pregnancy test both 24 hours prior to beginning of therapy and then at 4 weeks intervals in women with regular menstrual cycles or every 2 weeks in women with irregular menstrual cycles during study treatment for subjects of childbearing potential - Male patient agrees to use an acceptable method for contraception (i.e., condom or abstinence) during study drug therapy (including dose interruption) and for 4 weeks after discontinuation of lenalidomide therapy. - Patient was diagnosed with symptomatic multiple myeloma based on standard criteria (9), and has measurable disease, defined as follows: any quantifiable serum monoclonal protein value (generally, but not necessarily, greater than 1 g/dL of IgG M-Protein and greater than 0.5 g/dL of IgA M-Protein) and, where applicable, urine light-chain excretion of >200 mg/24 hours; measurable plasmacytoma > 2 cm as determined by clinical examination or applicable radiographs (i.e. MRI, CT-Scan); bone marrow plasma cells>10%. - Patient has a Karnofsky performance status ≥ 60%. - Patient has a life-expectancy > 6 months - Patient has not active infectious hepatitis type B or C, and has HIV negative test - Patients must have an ejection fraction by ECHO or MUGA > 50% performed within 60 days prior to registration - Patients must have adequate pulmonary function studies > 50% of predicted on mechanical aspects (FEV1, FVC, etc) and diffusion capacity (DLCO) > 50% of predicted. Patients unable to complete pulmonary function tests because of myeloma-related chest pain, must have a high resolution CT scan of the chest and must also have acceptable arterial blood gases defined as P02 greater than 70. - Patient has the following laboratory values within 14 days before Baseline (day 1 of the Cycle 1): - Platelet count ≥ 75 x 109/L without transfusion support within 7 days before the test. - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L without the use of growth factors. - Corrected serum calcium ≤ 14 mg/dL (3.5 mmol/L). - Aspartate transaminase (AST): ≤ 2.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN). - Alanine transaminase (ALT): ≤ 2.5 x the ULN. - Total bilirubin: ≤ 1.5 x the ULN. - Calculated or measured creatinine clearance: ≥ 30 mL/minute - Patient has a baseline bone marrow sample available for cytogenetics, that will be processed and eventually centralized within each country. Exclusion Criteria: - Previous treatment with anti-myeloma therapy (does not include radiotherapy, bisphosphonates, or a single short course of steroid; < to the equivalent of dexamethasone 40 mg/day for 4 days). - Any serious medical condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at an unacceptable risk if he or she participates in this study or confounds the experimental ability to interpret data from the study. - Pregnant or lactating females. - Prior history of malignancies, other than multiple myeloma, unless the subject has been free of the disease for ≥ 3 years. Exceptions include the following: Basal cell carcinoma of the skin, Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, Carcinoma in situ of the cervix, Carcinoma in situ of the breast, Incidental histologic finding of prostate cancer (TNM stage of T1a or T1b) - Neuropathy of ≥ grade 2 severity. - Patients previously diagnosed as bearing deep venous thrombosis or arterial thromboembolic event within the latest 12 months, or bearing a clear indication for anti-platelet or anticoagulant therapy or bearing a high risk of bleeding complications are ineligible for the sub-study protocol.

Additional Information

Principal investigator Antonio Palumbo, MD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2010.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus.