4-Dimensional CT Derived Ventilation Versus SPECT Aerosol Ventilation in Patients With Thoracic Malignancies
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||esophageal cancer, lung cancer|
|Treatments||4d ct scans, lung function imaging|
|Sponsor||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|
|Collaborator||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Start date||August 2007|
|End date||November 2016|
|Trial size||36 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00531180, 2006-0698, R21CA128230|
1. To determine the correlation between 4-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) derived ventilation and single photon emission tomography (SPECT) aerosol Tc-99m determined ventilation.
1. To evaluate the reproducibility of the 4D CT derived ventilation and to obtain an estimate of the variance in a single setting.
2. To assess the correlation between hypoperfused and hypoventilated pulmonary regions in patients with thoracic malignancies.
3. To investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on ventilation and tumor motion.
Correlation between 4-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) derived ventilation and single photon emission tomography (SPECT) aerosol Tc-99m determined ventilation
time frame: 2 years
Male or female participants of any age.
Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patients with pathologic diagnosis of esophagus or lung cancer (Stage I through IV). 2. Patients must be able to lie flat for the duration of the treatment planning sessions. 3. Patients must sign informed consent. 4. Patients who are scheduled to receive radiation therapy. 5. A cohort of 6 lung cancer patients whose primary tumors move greater than 1 cm will be recruited (CPAP cohort). Exclusion Criteria: 1. Significant pleural effusion as evaluated by the attending Radiation Oncologist is excluded. 2. Women of childbearing potential (A woman of child-bearing potential is a sexually mature woman who has not undergone a hysterectomy or who has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months [i.e., who has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months]) and male participants must practice effective contraception (oral, injectable, or implantable hormonal contraceptive; tubal ligation; intra-uterine device; barrier contraceptive with spermicide; or vasectomized partner) throughout the study. 3. Patients with severe COPD or asthma will be excluded from the CPAP cohort.
|Official title||Phase II Trial Comparing 4-Dimensional Computed Tomography Derived Ventilation Versus SPECT/CT Tc-99m Aerosol Ventilation in Patients With Thoracic Malignancies|
|Principal investigator||Heath Skinner, MD, PHD|
|Description||By using a 4-dimensional (4D) computed tomography (CT) scans researchers will create ventilation (circulation of air) calculations. This new calculation method is quicker and may produce better images than the standard ventilation calculations. If you agree to take part in this study and are found to be eligible, you will have lung function imaging. Lung function imaging gives researchers information on how well the lungs work, how air moves into the lungs with breathing, and blood circulation into the lungs. You will have three 4D CT scans performed while you are breathing quietly. A 2-inch plastic box will be placed on top of your chest to monitor the motion of your chest during the scanning. After you are out of the CT scanner (once the scanning is finished), ventilation images are calculated from the 4D CT images and will be compared with the standard ventilation imaging method. The 4D CT imaging will take about 30 minutes to complete. As part of standard care, once you have finished the 4D CT scan, you will have a single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) pulmonary (lung) ventilation scan performed. The SPECT ventilation scan requires that you first breathe in a radioactive aerosol (or mist, called Tc-99m DPTA), which will help the study doctor tell where air goes when you breathe. Then you will be placed in the SPECT scanner, and images will be taken of your lungs. The SPECT imaging will take about 1 hour to complete. Within 10 days after the first imaging session, you will return for a second imaging session. During the second imaging session, you will have a standard of care SPECT pulmonary perfusion (blood supply to tissue and organs) test done. During this test, a radioactive substance is given by vein (called Tc-99m MAA). This substance will get trapped in the lungs, and the SPECT imaging will show the blood flow in the lungs. This test should take 45-60 minutes to complete. Once you complete the second imaging session, your participation will over in this study. This is an investigational study. All of the imaging scans used in this study are FDA approved and commercially available. The calculation of ventilation images from 4D CT scanning is investigational and authorized for use in research only. Up to 36 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.|
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