Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition prostate cancer
Treatments everolimus, conventional surgery
Phase phase 2
Targets mTOR, FKBP-12
Sponsor Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date September 2007
End date July 2011
Trial size 17 participants
Trial identifier NCT00526591, CASE-21806, CASE-21806-CC256, CASE21806, P30CA043703

Summary

RATIONALE: Everolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving everolimus before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well everolimus works in treating patients with newly diagnosed localized prostate cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients will receive 5.0mg P.O. daily continuously for 8 weeks
everolimus RAD-001
Low-dose Cohort: Patients will receive 5.0mg P.O. daily continuously for 8 weeks; High-dose Cohort: Patients will receive 10mg P.O. daily continuously for 8 weeks
conventional surgery
Radical prostatectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy will be performed within 10 days of the completion of week 8 on RAD-001 (Everolimus).
(Active Comparator)
Patients will receive 10mg P.O. daily continuously for 8 weeks
everolimus RAD-001
Low-dose Cohort: Patients will receive 5.0mg P.O. daily continuously for 8 weeks; High-dose Cohort: Patients will receive 10mg P.O. daily continuously for 8 weeks
conventional surgery
Radical prostatectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy will be performed within 10 days of the completion of week 8 on RAD-001 (Everolimus).

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Proportion of patients who are P0 (i.e., no clinically detectable tumor in the pathologic specimen) at surgery
time frame: After 8 weeks of therapy at the time of prostatectomy
Margin status
time frame: After 8 weeks of therapy at the time of prostatectomy
Capsular penetration
time frame: After 8 weeks of therapy at the time of prostatectomy
Toxicity profile of each dose
time frame: at daily dose for 8 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
PSA doubling time
time frame: at 4 weeks and 8 weeks during treatment and post-op
Effect of treatment on biological and molecular markers
time frame: After 8 weeks of therapy

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically or cytologically confirmed newly diagnosed, localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate, meeting any of the following criteria: - Clinical stage T2a, T2b, T2c, or T3 disease (any grade or PSA) - Gleason score 7 (4+3 only) or ≥ 8 (any stage or PSA) - Serum PSA ≥ 10 ng/dL (any grade or stage) - Any stage, PSA, or Gleason score AND ≥ 35% chance of biochemical failure at 5 years based on Kattan's nomogram - Recommended for radical prostatectomy - Normal testosterone level - No pure neuroendocrine or small cell prostate cancer - No metastatic disease by CT scan, MRI, bone scan, or X-ray - No clinical evidence of CNS metastases PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Inclusion criteria: - ECOG performance status (PS) 0-1 or Karnofsky PS 70-100% - ANC ≥ 1,500/μL - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL - Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL - AST and ALT ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN - PT/PTT normal (no anticoagulants) - No active unresolved infection - No known HIV positivity - Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 6 months after completion of study therapy Exclusion criteria: - Known hypersensitivity to everolimus or other rapamycins (e.g., sirolimus or temsirolimus) or to its excipients - Gastrointestinal (GI) disease, condition, or symptoms that may significantly impair GI function and alter the absorption of everolimus, including any of the following: - Ulcerative disease - Uncontrolled nausea - Vomiting - Diarrhea - Malabsorption syndrome - Other active malignancy or malignancy at ≥ 30% risk for relapse after completion of therapy, except nonmelanoma skin cancer - Uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of the following: - Ongoing or active infection (e.g., bacterial, viral or fungal) - Severely impaired lung function - Uncontrolled diabetes (fasting serum glucose > 1.5 times ULN) - Liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, or chronic persistent hepatitis) - Symptomatic congestive heart failure - Unstable angina pectoris - Cardiac arrhythmia - Psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit study compliance - Any underlying medical condition which, in the principal investigator's opinion, will make the administration of everolimus hazardous OR obscure the interpretation of adverse events PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - More than 4 weeks since major surgery - More than 3 months since finasteride - No prior or concurrent radiotherapy to the prostate gland or pelvis - No prior hormones (e.g., luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone [LHRH] agonists, LHRH antagonists, or antiandrogens [e.g., bicalutamide, flutamide, or nilutamide]) and/or PC-SPES (or PC-x product) or estrogen-containing nutraceuticals - No prior rapamycin mTOR inhibitor - No prior small bowel resection that may significantly impair GI function and alter the absorption of everolimus - No prior or concurrent immunotherapy, chemotherapy, or other investigational therapy for prostate cancer - No other concurrent investigational or commercial agents - No other concurrent anticancer agents - No concurrent, chronic treatment with systemic steroids (except inhaled or topical steroids) or another immunosuppressive agent - No concurrent live vaccines - No concurrent strong inhibitors or inducers of the isoenzyme CYP3A administered as systemic therapy

Additional Information

Official title Randomized Phase II Study of Two Different Doses of RAD-001 (Everolimus) as Neo-Adjuvant Therapy in Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer
Principal investigator Jorge A. Garcia, MD
Description OBJECTIVES: Primary - To determine the clinical effects of everolimus, in terms of pathologic response (i.e., histologic P0, margin status, or capsular penetration) and surgical outcome, in patients with newly diagnosed localized prostate cancer treated with two different doses of everolimus prior to radical prostatectomy. - To evaluate the safety and tolerability of this drug in these patients. Secondary - To determine the effect of this drug on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in these patients. - To determine the effect of this drug on levels of expression of PTEN, Akt, phospho-mTOR (i.e., Se2448), phospho-p70 S6 kinase (i.e., Thre389), phospho-Smad3 (i.e., Ser433/435), phospho-Smads 1/5 (i.e., Ser463/465), AR, and TUNEL in these patients. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. - Arm I: Patients receive low-dose oral everolimus once daily for up to 8 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. - Arm II: Patients receive high-dose oral everolimus once daily for up to 8 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Within 7 days after the last dose of everolimus, all patients undergo radical prostatectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy. Tumor biopsy specimens acquired prior to treatment and prostate tumor tissue acquired at the time of radical prostatectomy are evaluated for biomarker correlative studies. Tissue samples are assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and tissue microarray analysis for expression of cellular and molecular biomarkers (i.e., p-S6, p-4E-BP1, and p-Akt) that correlate with response. Prostatectomy specimens are also assessed by pathologic analysis for histopathologic response (i.e., pathologic stage, Gleason score, margin status, and tumor size). After completion of study therapy, patients are followed at 6 weeks.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center.