Phase I/II Study of SOL for Untreated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatment||s-1, oral leucovorin, oxaliplatin|
|Phase||phase 1/phase 2|
|Sponsor||Shizuoka Cancer Center|
|Start date||August 2007|
|End date||April 2011|
|Trial size||42 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00524706, SCC-07-01|
S-1 is promising drug which could replace 5-fluorouracil plus l-leucovorin (5-FU/l-LV) in treatment of advanced colorectal cancer.
Phase I/II study of S-1 plus Oxaliplatin (SOX) demonstrated its promising activity with acceptable toxicity as first-line chemotherapy in patients with untreated metastatic colorectal cancer and S-1 showed equivalent possibility to 5-FU/l-LV. On the other hand, phase I/II study of S-1 plus oral Leucovorin (S-1/LV) demonstrated that this regimen had enhanced efficacy in comparison with S-1 alone. From these results, it was expected that S-1/LV plus Oxaliplatin (SOL) would be more effective than SOX.
Therefore, phase I/II study of SOL combination therapy was planned.
Purpose A dose-finding study of S-1/LV plus Oxaliplatin (SOL) was planned to determine the recommended dose (RD), and to assess the response rate (RR) in patients with untreated metastatic colorectal cancer. The primary endpoints of the phase I portion are determination of the RD of SOL, and safety.
The phase II portion of this study was aimed to assess the RR of SOL.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
Determine the RD of S-1, Leucovorin, and Oxaliplatin in phase I setting
time frame: During 2 cycles
Evaluate the response rate of S-1, Leucovorin, and Oxaliplatin with recommended dose in phase II
time frame: During chemotherapy
Phase I - Safety - Pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction - Response rate - Time to treatment failure (TTF) - Progression free survival (PFS) - Overall survival (OS)
Phase II - Safety - Time to treatment failure (TTF) - Progression free survival (PFS) - Overall survival (OS)
Male or female participants from 20 years up to 74 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Written informed consent. - Adequate oral intake. - Histologically proved adenocarcinoma (colorectal cancer). - Unresectable, recurrent and advanced colorectal cancer. - At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery - Age: 20 - 74 at enrollment. - Performance Status (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] scale): 0 - 2. - No prior treatment (ex. radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy) to advanced disease. Patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy more than 180 days before enrollment can be allowed but those who received S-1 or Oxaliplatin containing treatment shall be excluded. - Proved presence of measurable lesions within 30 days before enrollment. - Patients with the following function of bone marrow, liver and kidney based on the laboratory values measured within 15 days before enrollment. - Hemoglobin >_ 9.0g/dL - WBC: LLN - 12,000/mm3 - Absolute granulocyte count >_ 1,500/mm3 - Platelets >_ 100,000/mm3 - Total Bilirubin <_ 1.5mg/dL - AST(GOT) and ALT(GPT) <_ 100U/L - ALP <_ 600U/L - Creatinine <_ 1.0mg/dl - Expected to survive more than 90 days after enrollment. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients who not received S-1 and Oxaliplatin as neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapies before enrollment. - Contraindication to S-1, and serious hypersensitivity to oral Leucovorin. - No other concurrent investigational therapy. - Patients did who not received blood transfusion and hematogenesis stimulating agents (ex. Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor). - Serious drug hypersensitivity. - Prior history of peripheral neuropathy. - Marked infection or inflammation (ex. patients with a fever of 38.0 degrees or higher). - Poorly-controlled diabetes, hypertension or hypercalcemia. - Severe (inpatient care is needed) arrhythmia, heart disease or its history. - Severe (inpatient care is needed) lung disease (ex. interstitial pneumonia or pulmonary fibrosis). - Psychiatric disorder requiring to receive treatment with antipsychotic drug. - Fresh bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract. - Requiring to drainage massive ascites, pleural effusion retention or pericardial fluid. - Extensive bone metastasis. - Clinically suspicious brain metastasis or brain metastasis. - Diarrhea (watery diarrhea). - Simultaneously active double cancer. - Pregnancy or nursing female patients and possibility (intent) to bear baby. Male patients with intent to impregnate. - Other patients evaluated to be inadequate to participate in the study by (sub) investigators.
|Official title||Phase I/II Study of S-1, Oral Leucovorin, and Oxaliplatin Combination Therapy (SOL) in Patients With Untreated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer|
|Principal investigator||Narikazu Boku, MD|
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