This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions congenital heart disease, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, transposition of the great arteries, aortic arch hypoplasia or interruption
Treatments erythropoetin, normal saline
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor Baylor College of Medicine
Collaborator Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Start date September 2006
End date September 2012
Trial size 62 participants
Trial identifier NCT00513240, Baylor GCRC #0942, FDA IND #100011, R21HD5550101


Brain problems occur in neonatal open heart surgery with a frequency of 20-70%, seen on neurological examination, brain imaging such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or long term development problems such as learning disorders and hyperactivity syndromes. This study aims to determine if erythropoetin, a natural hormone made in the body, protects the brain from damage when given in high doses before and during neonatal open heart surgery. We will use brain MRI, brain wave tests (EEG), neurological examination, and long term developmental outcome testing to see if erythropoetin is better than salt water injection (placebo) in protecting the brain.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator)
Primary purpose prevention
Patients randomized to receive the 3 doses of erythropoetin.
erythropoetin Procrit
Erythropoetin 500 units/kg IV x 3 : dose 1. 12-72 hours preoperatively, dose 2. Postoperative day #1, 48 hours after separating from cardiopulmonary bypass, and dose 3. postoperative day #3, 48 hours after dose #2
(Placebo Comparator)
Patients randomized to receive 3 doses of normal saline control.
normal saline Saline placebo
Normal saline placebo in 3 doses:dose 1. 12-72 hours preoperatively, dose 2. Postoperative day #1, 48 hours after separating from cardiopulmonary bypass, and dose 3. postoperative day #3, 48 hours after dose #2. .

Primary Outcomes

MRI Severity of Injury Score
time frame: 7 days postoperatively.
Scores on Bayley Scales of Infant Development III at Age 1 Years.
time frame: 1 year postoperatively

Secondary Outcomes

EEG Seizure Burden in the First 72 Postoperative Hours. (Total Minutes of EEG Seizures).
time frame: 72 hours postoperatively.
Pharmacokinetics of High Dose Erythropoetin: 7 Erythropoetin Levels in First 24 Hours After First Dose.
time frame: 24 hours after first EPO dose.

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants up to 30 days old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Neonates (<30 days) undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass will be enrolled. - Inclusion criteria include patients with: - single ventricle: hypoplastic left heart syndrome or variant undergoing Norwood Stage I or Sano palliation (SV group); - patients with D-transposition of the great vessels with or without ventricular septal defect (VSD) undergoing arterial switch operation with VSD closure if needed (ASO group); and - patients with interrupted or hypoplastic aortic arch with intracardiac defects (VSD, ASD, or subaortic stenosis) who are undergoing complete 2- ventricle repair including aortic arch advancement(AAA group), any other 2 ventricle lesion scheduled for complex anatomic repair. Exclusion Criteria: - Gestational age less than 35 weeks at birth - Weight less than 2 kg - Known recognizable dysmorphic syndrome - Surgery not requiring cardiopulmonary bypass - Preoperative cardiac arrest requiring chest compressions for greater than 3 minutes - Inability to enroll the patient greater than 12 hours preoperatively - Aortic crossclamping is not used - CPB times are anticipated to be less than 60 minutes - A nadir temperature on bypass greater than 25° C is planned. - Presence of known contraindications to EPO administration-sustained systolic blood pressure >100, hemoglobin .18 g/dL, known allergy to EPO or one of its components - Platelet count >600,000 per dL, INR <0.8. - Maternal history of major vascular thrombosis, or multiple fetal loss (3 or more spontaneous abortions).

Additional Information

Official title Erythropoetin Neuroprotection for Neonatal Cardiac Surgery
Principal investigator Dean B. Andropoulos, M.D.
Description Hypothesis: Erythropoetin (EPO) will protect the neonatal brain in the perioperative period for congenital heart surgery. Using a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded design, the specific aims of this study are: 1. To determine the effect of perioperative EPO on short and long term neurological outcomes in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery with an optimized cardiopulmonary bypass strategy. 2. To determine EPO tolerability and safety with short term administration. 3. To determine EPO pharmacokinetics in this population. 4. To determine the relationship of neurological monitoring, specifically NIRS, to neurological outcomes with an optimized cardiopulmonary bypass technique in neonates that avoids deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, and to determine if EPO affects this relationship. Protocol: Neonates undergoing arterial switch, Norwood, or aortic arch advancement/other complete 2 ventricle repair, >35 weeks gestation and ≥2.0 kg are eligible. Preop day 1:NIRS for 12-24 hours, neuro exam, and Study drug dose #1: EPO 500 units/kg or saline placebo 12-72 hours before surgery. EPO Pharmacokinetic data for 25-50 consenting patients. Day of surgery: Brain MRI immediately preop. Anesthesia/CPB per our standard practice (fentanyl 100-200 mcg/kg, midazolam, isoflurane, epsilon-aminocaproic acid, 75 mg/kg IV load to patient and CPB prime, and 75 mg/kg/hr infusion in OR) with ACP guided by TCD, pH stat, hct 30-35, avoid DHCA. POD #1: Study drug dose #2: EPO 500 units/kg or saline placebo 24 hours after dose #2. For 72 hours postop, NIRS monitoring. All monitor data collected electronically. POD #3: Study drug dose #3: EPO 500 units/kg or saline placebo 48 hours after dose #3. 7 days postop: Brain MRI. (pentobarbital IV). Neuro exam before discharge. 3-6 months: Brain MRI immediately before or after 2nd surgery, or as outpatient (IV pentobarb or propofol/midazolam—may use N2O/sevo for induction, cannot intubate if outpatient; OR if cardiac MRI at same time, any indicated anesthetic technique). NIRS x 24h after 2nd surgery. 1,and 3 years: Bayley Scales of Infant Development III. 5 years: Battery of neurodevelopmental tests. Early primary outcome variable: MRI severity of injury score (decrease by 25%). Late outcome variable Bayley Scales of Infant Development score: improvement by 18% at age 1 years. Sample size: 60 patients: stratified into 3 groups to give power 0.85, alpha 0.05. Expect to accrue 2-4 patients per month.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Baylor College of Medicine.