This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition esophageal cancer
Treatments cetuximab, capecitabine, cisplatin, radiation therapy
Phase phase 2/phase 3
Target EGFR
Sponsor Wales Cancer Trials Unit
Collaborator Cancer Research UK
Start date February 2008
End date September 2012
Trial size 259 participants
Trial identifier NCT00509561, CDR0000558804, CTA-17853/0202/001-0001, EU-20739, EUDRACT-2006-002241-37, ISRCTN47718479, WCTU-SCOPE-1


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin and capecitabine, work in different ways to kill tumor cells or stop them from growing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies, such as cetuximab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Cetuximab may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether giving cisplatin together with capecitabine and radiation therapy is more effective with or without cetuximab in treating esophageal cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II/III trial is studying the side effects and how well giving cisplatin together with capecitabine, radiation therapy, and cetuximab works compared with giving cisplatin, capecitabine, and radiation therapy without cetuximab in treating patients with esophageal cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
(Active Comparator)
radiation therapy
radiation therapy

Primary Outcomes

Treatment-failure rate at 24 weeks
time frame:
Overall survival
time frame:

Secondary Outcomes

time frame:
time frame:
Quality of life
time frame:
Quality of assurance
time frame:
Health economics
time frame:

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed carcinoma of the esophagus - Adenocarcinoma - Squamous cell - Undifferentiated carcinoma - Siewert type I tumor of the gastroesophageal junction - Localized, nonmetastatic disease (T1-4, N0-1) confirmed by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and spiral CT scan - Total disease length (primary and lymph nodes) < 10 cm by EUS - Not suitable for surgery (either for medical reasons or patient's choice) - No metastatic disease (i.e., M1a or M1b according to UICC TNM version 6) - No significant (> 2 cm) extension of tumor into the stomach PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - WHO performance status 0-1 - Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm³ - White blood cell count ≥ 2,000/mm³ - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³ - Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL (should be corrected to > 10 g/dL before treatment) - Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - ALT/AST ≤ 2.5 times ULN - Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 3 times ULN - Glomerular filtration rate > 40 mL/min OR > 60 mL/min estimated by Cockcroft-Gault formula - Adequate cardiac ejection fraction ≥ 40% by MUGA or ECHO - FEV_1 ≥ 1 L by spirometry - Not pregnant - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - No malignancy within the past 5 years - No unstable angina, uncontrolled hypertension, cardiac failure, or other clinically significant cardiac disease - No major trauma within the past 4 weeks - No known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency - No hearing impairment or sensory-motor neuropathy > grade 2 PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - See Disease Characteristics - At least 4 weeks since prior sorivudine and analogues - At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery - At least 4 weeks since prior monoclonal antibody - At least 3 months since prior radiotherapy - No prior treatment for invasive esophageal carcinoma or gastroesophageal junction carcinoma (not including photodynamic therapy or laser therapy for high-grade dysplasia/carcinoma in situ) - No other prior treatment for this malignancy that would compromise the ability to deliver definitive mediastinal chemoradiotherapy or compromise survival

Additional Information

Official title A Randomised Phase II/III Multi-Centre Clinical Trial of Definitive Chemotherapy, With or Without Cetuximab, in Carcinoma of the Oesophagus
Description OBJECTIVES: Primary - To determine whether the addition of cetuximab to definitive chemoradiotherapy comprising cisplatin, capecitabine, and radiotherapy shows evidence of enhanced overall survival in patients with carcinoma of the esophagus. - To determine the safety of this regimen in these patients. - To determine the feasibility of this regimen in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. - Arm I: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 2 hours on days 1, 22, 43, and 64 and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-84. Beginning in week 7 patients also undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5 weeks (weeks 7-11). Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. - Arm II: Patients receive cisplatin and capecitabine and undergo radiotherapy as in arm I. Patients also receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours on day 1 in weeks 1-12. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life and health economics are assessed at baseline, during treatment, and at pre-specified time points during follow-up. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, and then annually for a minimum of 5 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Wales Cancer Trials Unit.