This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition pain
Treatment rectus closure vs. non-closure
Phase phase 2/phase 3
Sponsor Stanford University
Start date June 2006
End date August 2014
Trial size 112 participants
Trial identifier NCT00505362, 6107


Suture reapproximation of the rectus muscles at primary cesarean delivery is a common practice about which there are no data. Some Obstetricians believe that suture reapproximation of the rectus muscles increases post-operative pain, and it may decrease adhesions, yet there are no published data to support or refute these claims. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of rectus muscle reapproximation at cesarean delivery and post-operative pain. We also plan to assess the impact of rectus muscle closure on adhesions as seen at repeat cesarean delivery.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
(Active Comparator)
rectus closure vs. non-closure
Closure of the Rectus muscle vs. non-closure of the rectus muscle at cesarean section.
(Active Comparator)
rectus closure vs. non-closure
Closure of the Rectus muscle vs. non-closure of the rectus muscle at cesarean section.

Primary Outcomes

Post-operative pain
time frame: 24, 48 and 27 hours and 2 weeks post partum

Secondary Outcomes

Post-operative adhesions
time frame: subsequent pregnancy c/section

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 37 weeks gestation Primary cesarean American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class 1 or class 2 Exclusion Criteria: Chronic analgesia use Vertical skin incision at cesarean Opioid or Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) allergy BMI >40 Labor

Additional Information

Official title Rectus Muscle Closure vs. Non-Closure at Primary Cesarean Delivery and Post-Operative Pain
Principal investigator Deirdre Judith Lyell
Description There are more than 1 million cesarean deliveries performed annually in the United States, at a rate of 30.2% of all deliveries. Data are limited regarding optimal surgical closure techniques to minimize adhesions at cesarean. Adhesions are implicated in pelvic pain, infertility, difficult repeat surgery, and bowel obstruction. Practice techniques regarding rectus muscle reapproximation vary widely, and there are no data regarding the impact of this step on pain, and some data suggesting a reduction in significant adhesions. Given the frequency of cesarean deliveries, small changes in surgical technique may yield significant benefits. We hope to learn 1) whether suture reapproximation of the rectus muscles increases pain, and 2) the degree to which suture reapproximation of the rectus muscles alters adhesions when studied in a prospective, randomized trial. All patients undergoing primary cesarean delivery at Lucile Packard Childrens Hospital (LPCH) will be offered the study. Once consented, patients will be randomized to one of two standardized closure techniques at cesarean: two-layer uterine closure, peritoneal closure, fascial and skin closure, and either reapproximation of the rectus muscles with three-interrupted sutures, or non-closure. Intra-operative and post-operative pain management will be standardized. Subjects will undergo pain assessments while in-house on post-operative days 1 and 3, and at the standard post-partum clinic visit after 6 weeks. These assessments will require less than 5 minutes of the patient's time. Patients will be shown a pain chart, and will be asked to rate their pain on a scale of 0 to 10 at rest. They will then stand up and rate their pain again. Pain medication usage will also be assessed. For patients who undergo repeat cesarean delivery, their surgeons will be asked to fill out a validated adhesion assessment form following surgery. We will not dictate the method of surgical technique at repeat cesarean, but will simply ask surgeons to describe the adhesions. At the time of consent, the patient will be asked to contact the study coordinator in the future should they undergo cesarean. In addition, the study coordinators will contact patients one-year after enrollment to inquire about plans for future pregnancies. The surgeons will know the groups to which the patients are randomized. The patients and those collecting data on pain scores will not.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Stanford University.