Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition leukemia
Treatments prednisone, vinblastin, 6-mercaptopuroine, leucovorin, methotrexate, vinblastine, prednisone
Phase phase 3
Sponsor University of New Mexico
Start date February 2004
End date February 2010
Trial size 476 participants
Trial identifier NCT00488605, H-9926-LCH III

Summary

LCH III is an international, multicentric, prospective clinical study comprised of:

- a randomized clinical trial for multisystem "RISK" patients and

- a randomized clinical trial for multisystem "LOW RISK" patients and

- a pilot study for patients with single system MFB and localized "SPECIAL SITES"

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
prednisone, vinblastin, 6-mercaptopuroine
Initial Therapy:Prednisone- by mouth 3 times/day daily as a 4-week course, then gradually decreased over 2 more weeks. Vinblastine-IV (into a vein)1 day/week for 6 weeks. Patients w/o evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to continuation therapy. If disease is improved or unchanged, pts. will receive additional therapy with: Prednisone- 3 divided doses by mouth for 3 days every week, from week 7-12. Vinblastine- IV 1day/week for 6 more weeks. If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will begin. Continuation Therapy: 6-MP:by mouth daily until the end of month 12. Prednisone in 3 doses daily day 1-5 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12.
(Experimental)
leucovorin, methotrexate, vinblastine, prednisone leukovorin rescue
Initial Therapy:Prednisone-by mouth 3x/day daily as a 4-week course then gradually decreased over 2 more weeks. Vinblastine- IV 1 day/week for 6 weeks. Methotrexate-a 24 hour IV infusion day 1 of weeks 1, 3, and 5, followed by leucovorin.The drug will be given by mouth. Pts w/o evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to continuation therapy. Pts whose disease is improved or unchanged will receive additional therapy w/:Prednisone- 3 divided doses, days 1-3 weekly from week 7-12. Vinblastine IV 1day/week for 6 more weeks. Methotrexate-a 24 hour IV infusion day 1 of week 7, 9, and 11, followed by leucovorin. If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will begin. Continuation Therapy: 6-MP by mouth daily until the end of month 12. Prednisone- 3 doses daily days 1-5 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12. Methotrexate by mouth once weekly until the end of month 12.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
The proportion of non-responder in risk organs to the initial treatment
time frame: 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Overall survival
time frame: 12 months
Proportion of responders (overall and in risk organs)
time frame: at week 6
Proportion of responders (overall and in risk organs)
time frame: at week 12
Reactivation free survival after response
time frame: at week 12
Time to NAD
time frame: at weeks 6, 12, 7, or 13-23

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants up to 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: All newly diagnosed patients who meet the following criteria are eligible to be enrolled and followed in the study: - Definitive diagnosis of LCH - Age under 18 years - No prior treatment for LCH Exclusion Criteria: - Not specified

Additional Information

Official title H-9926-LCH III: Treatment Protocol of the Third International Study for Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
Principal investigator Jami Frost, M.D.
Description Therapy for "LOW RISK" Patients: The decision as to which research program you will be assigned will be made entirely by chance. The overall time of therapy will be 6 or 12 months as randomly assigned. The research program will be with the drugs Vinblastine and Prednisone. Initial Therapy 1. Prednisone given by mouth three times a day daily as a four-week course, then gradually decreased over 2 more weeks. 2. Vinblastine will be given IV (into a vein) one day a week for 6 weeks. 3. Patients who have no evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to continuation therapy. Patients whose disease response is stable, mixed or worse will receive additional therapy with: 1. Prednisone in 3 divided doses by mouth for 3 days every week, from week 7-12. 2. Vinblastine IV one day a week for 6 more weeks. - If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will begin. Continuation Therapy 1. Prednisone in 3 doses daily day 1-5 every 3 weeks until the end of month 6 or 12 from start of therapy, as randomized. 2. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end of month 6 or 12 from start of therapy, as randomized. Therapy for "SPECIAL SITE" (Multi-focal Bone Involvement) Patients: Treatment consists of an initial treatment of 6 weeks and a continuation treatment. A second course is given only to patients with progressive disease. The overall therapy time period is 6 months. Initial Therapy 4. Prednisone given by mouth three times a day daily as a four-week course, then gradually decreased over 2 more weeks. 5. Vinblastine will be given IV (into a vein) one day a week for 6 weeks. 6. Patients who have no evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to continuation therapy. Patients whose disease response is stable, mixed or worse will receive additional therapy with: 3. Prednisone in 3 divided doses days 1-3 weekly from week 7-12. 4. Vinblastine IV one day a week for 6 more weeks. - If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will begin. Continuation Therapy 3. Prednisone in 3 doses daily day 1-5 every 3 weeks until the end of month 6. 4. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end of month 6. Group 1 "RISK" patients: The primary aim of the study is to compare the therapeutic efficacy of control arm A (PDN+VBL) with the experimental arm B (PDN+VBL+MTX). The primary endpoint is the proportion of non-responder in risk organs to the initial treatment. Non-response to initial therapy is defined as: • death within 12 weeks of initial treatment or - progression (worse) in risk organs at week 6 - lack of response (=intermediate response or progression) in risk organs at week 12 as compared to the status of disease at week 6. If the null hypothesis is true, the two randomized treatment arms are equally effective in terms of non-response. If the alternative hypotheses is true, there is a difference between the two randomized arms in terms of efficacy. Group 2 "LOW RISK" patients: The primary aim of the study is to compare the reactivation free survival rate in initial responders at week 6 with continuation treatment for 6 months (Arm LR 6) versus 12 months (Arm LR 12) in those patients without disease reactivation within the first 6 months. If the null hypothesis is true, the reactivation rate of both randomized arms are equal. If the alternative hypothesis is true, there is a difference between the two arms in terms of reactivation frequency. Therapy for "RISK" Patients: Treatment A will consist of: 7. Initial Therapy 8. Prednisone given by mouth three times a day daily as a four-week course, then gradually decreased over 2 more weeks. 9. Vinblastine will be given IV (into a vein) one day a week for 6 weeks. 10. Patients who have no evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to continuation therapy. Patients whose disease is improved or unchanged will receive additional therapy with: 5. Prednisone in 3 divided doses by mouth for 3 days every week, from week 7-12. 6. Vinblastine IV one day a week for 6 more weeks. ** If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will begin. Continuation Therapy: 5. 6-MP by mouth daily until the end of month 12. 6. Prednisone in 3 doses daily day 1-5 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12. 7. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12. ** Those patients whose disease didn't respond to the initial therapy by the 12th week will come off this study and proceed to other research programs. Treatment B will consist of: 1. Initial Therapy 2. Prednisone given by mouth three times a day daily as a four-week course then gradually decreased over 2 more weeks. 3. Vinblastine will be given IV one day a week for 6 weeks. 4. Methotrexate given as a 24 hour IV infusion day 1 of weeks 1, 3, and 5, followed by leucovorin. 5. Leucovorin is a drug that will be given to help the body remove the methotrexate and decrease the possible side effects. (This is sometimes called a "leukovorin rescue". The drug will be given by mouth.) - Patients who have no evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to continuation therapy. Patients whose disease is improved or unchanged will receive additional therapy with: 1. Prednisone in 3 divided doses, days 1-3 weekly from week 7-12. 2. Vinblastine IV one day a week for 6 more weeks. 3. Methotrexate given as a 24 hour IV infusion day 1 of week 7, 9, and 11, followed by leucovorin. - If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will begin. Continuation Therapy: 1. 6-MP by mouth daily until the end of month 12. 2. Prednisone in 3 doses daily days 1-5 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12. 3. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12. 4. Methotrexate by mouth once weekly until the end of month 12. Those patients whose disease didn't respond to the initial research program by the 12th week will come off this research study and proceed to another research program.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2010.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of New Mexico.