This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition breast cancer
Treatments positron emission mammography, magnetic resonance imaging
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Naviscan PET Systems
Collaborator Certus International, Inc.
Start date September 2006
End date November 2008
Trial size 472 participants
Trial identifier NCT00484614, NIH Grant: 5 R44 CA103102-05, PEM-06-01


Women with newly diagnosed breast cancer anticipating breast-conserving surgery are enrolled into the study and will undergo both high-resolution positron emission mammographic (PEM) imaging and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast(s). The purpose of this study is to determine changes in surgical management resulting from PEM or MRI imaging as compared to conventional imaging and to determine if the changes were appropriate with histopathology as gold standard.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking single blind (investigator)
Primary purpose diagnostic
(Active Comparator)
positron emission mammography Naviscan PET Systems, PEM Flex Solo
Molecular Imaging Device
(Active Comparator)
magnetic resonance imaging
Imaging Device

Primary Outcomes

The primary outcome for this study will be measured by evidence of malignancy on PEM and/or MRI, confirmed by core biopsy or surgery.
time frame: Within 30 days (plus or minus a week) after core biopsy/surgery

Secondary Outcomes

Risk of false positive examinations with either PEM or MRI imaging with surgery as gold standard
time frame: Within the first 30 days (plus or minus 7 days) after surgery

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants at least 25 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Women who are 25 years of age or older 2. Newly diagnosed core-biopsy proven breast cancer 3. Has current mammography of all study breasts (within prior 3 months), including magnification views of suspicious calcifications (if any) 4. Recent clinical breast examination (within prior 3 months) 5. Has had full diagnostic workup with breast ultrasound (within prior 3 months) as indicated by mammographic and/or clinical findings 6. Has had percutaneous biopsy of all relevant suspicious findings on mammography, clinical examination, and ultrasound 7. After full diagnostic workup, participant is likely to be a candidate for breast conserving surgery. 8. No contraindications to breast MRI: - No pacemaker, aneurysm clip, or other implanted magnetic or ferromagnetic device; - No claustrophobia that cannot be controlled by medication with valium, ativan, or other sedative under her physician's orders; - Has intravenous access; - Weight < 300 lbs; - Physically able to tolerate positioning in the MRI scanner. 9. Agrees to undergo follow-up MRI or PEM at 6 months and/or MRI-guided vacuum-assisted biopsy, US-guided core biopsy, or PEM-guided biopsy if needed based on results of the MRI or PEM examination 10. Has signed study-specific consent form 11. Subject agrees to undergo a contrast-enhanced MRI and PEM scan within five business days of each other, prior to surgery. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Male 2. Pregnancy 3. Active lactation or discontinued breastfeeding < 2 months prior 4. Age less than 25 years 5. Inability to provide informed consent 6. Prior radiation treatment to the affected breast(s) 7. Participant is scheduled for sentinel node procedure using radioactive Tc-99m within 24 hours after the scheduled PEM Flex study 8. Women planning prophylactic mastectomy without histologic confirmation 9. Individuals who are electing to undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to surgery (Note: Patients with prior contralateral breast cancer receiving chemoprevention with Tamoxifen, Arimidex, or other aromatase inhibitor are eligible) 10. Individuals who have had surgery on the study breast(s) within the past 12 months 11. Breast implant(s) in any study breast(s) 12. Women who have had distant metastatic disease either currently or in the past 13. Individuals with Type I or poorly controlled Type II diabetes mellitus 14. Individuals with a blood glucose level that is above 140 mg/dl at the time of PEM imaging 15. Has not had contrast-enhanced breast MRI or PEM within the past 12 months prior to study enrollment 16. Subject is currently enrolled in another breast imaging research study

Additional Information

Official title Prospective Multicenter Study of the Role of Positron Emission Mammography (PEM) in Pre-Surgical Planning for Breast Cancer
Principal investigator Etta Pisano, MD, FACR
Description Breast compression and/or immobilization during positron emission tomographic (PET) imaging has been called positron emission mammography, or "PEM," and the device used to perform the scan has been called a PEM Scanner. This protocol is designed as a prospective multi-center clinical trial to evaluate the role of high resolution PEM, used in combination with the radiotracer 2-[F-18]- fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), in pre-surgical planning in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer who are considered candidates for breast conserving surgery (i.e. lumpectomy) after full workup with mammography, clinical breast exam, and additional US as would normally be performed. Participants will undergo both contrast enhanced MRI and PEM imaging. In order to control for potential bias in interpretation of the second examination (i.e. PEM or MRI), the order of interpretation of these examinations will be randomly assigned at study entry.The primary objective of the study is to determine changes in surgical management resulting from PEM or MRI or both, separately and in conjunction with conventional imaging and to determine whether these changes were appropriate (i.e. to excise malignancy) or inappropriate (e.g. wider excision or mastectomy for what proved to be benign disease).
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2009.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Naviscan PET Systems.