A Comparison of Adolescent Group Therapy and Transitional Family Therapy for Adolescent Alcohol and Drug Abusers
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, cannabis abuse, cannabis dependence, other substance abuse|
|Treatments||adolescent group therapy, transitional family therapy|
|Phase||phase 2/phase 3|
|Sponsor||The Morton Center, Inc.|
|Collaborator||National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)|
|Start date||July 1999|
|End date||August 2012|
|Trial size||120 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00484367, NIAAA-STA12178, NIH Grant R01 AA12178, R01AA012178|
The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two psychosocially-based, manual-driven, behavioral modalities. One of these is a standardized version of the established modality of Adolescent Group Therapy (AGT), which includes both psychoeducational and therapeutic components. The other is a state-of-the-art family therapy approach, Transitional Family Therapy (TFT), which integrates management of the current problem with exploration of multigenerational issues. Both approaches have been developed to expressly target adolescent alcohol problems.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Alcohol use Cannabis use Other substance use
time frame: Baseline, 3 months post-treatment, 1 year post-treatment, and 2 years post-treatment
Male or female participants from 13 years up to 17 years old.
- Male and female outpatients 13-17 years of age at intake.
- Participants had a current DSM-IV diagnosis of either alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence.
- Participants signed a witnessed informed consent.
- Parent or custodian of each (adolescent) participant signed a witnessed informed consent.
- Participants who met current DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder, psychotic disorder, or eating disorder.
- Enrollment in a residential substance abuse treatment program within 2 months prior to intake.
|Official title||Family and Group Therapies for Adolescent Alcohol Abuse|
|Principal investigator||Morris D. Stanton, PhD|
|Description||Despite well-founded societal concerns over the use of illicit drugs by youth, alcohol use has persisted for decades as the number one adolescent substance abuse problem in the U.S. Further, research has shown that the earlier the onset of alcohol use, the more likely is a person to develop alcohol dependence later, during adulthood. Consequently, the need is clear for interventions which will arrest this process at the earliest point possible. Hence, interventions that mobilize a youth's social systems to help that young person deal with the problem, i.e., the family and peer systems, would make sense from a number of standpoints. Two primary modalities developed to deal with such issues are those examined here: family therapy and group therapy. The participants were males and females, ages 13-17 at intake, with a DSM-IV diagnosis of either alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence. Following random assignment to condition, basic treatment in both conditions was based on a 12-session model and took approximately 3-4 months, followed by 1-2 aftercare sessions over an additional 1-2 months. The treatment was provided by therapists who were already working within the community (as opposed, for instance, to graduate students). Follow-up assessments were obtained at 3 months post-treatment, 1 year post-treatment, and 2 years post-treatment, thus allowing determination of the extent to which treatment effects "held up" to a degree not attained by most of the previous outcome studies within this domain. Comparisons: AGT and TFT are being compared on the extent to which their participants used alcohol, as well as other substances, during the three post-treatment periods. Other comparisons include school performance (grade point average), family relations/functioning, and involvement with the legal system.|
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