This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition bladder cancer
Treatments gemcitabine hydrochloride, placebo
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Southwest Oncology Group
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date September 2007
End date November 2015
Trial size 371 participants
Trial identifier NCT00445601, CDR0000534235, S0337, U10CA032102


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving gemcitabine directly into the bladder after surgery may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether giving gemcitabine directly into the bladder is more effective than a placebo in treating bladder cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying gemcitabine to see how well it works when given directly into the bladder compared with a placebo after surgery in treating patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent bladder cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Patients receive intravesical gemcitabine hydrochloride over 1 hour.
gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given intravesically
(Placebo Comparator)
Patients receive intravesical placebo over 1 hour.
Given intravesically

Primary Outcomes

Time to recurrence
time frame: up to 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Number of Patients With Grade 3 Through Grade 5 Adverse Events That Are Related to Study Drug
time frame: up to 4 weeks after Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor (TURBT)
Worsening-free survival
time frame: Up to 4 years
Sensitivity and specificity of BTA Stat test the NMP-22 Bladder Chek alone and in combination
time frame: Up to 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 120 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Diagnosis of newly diagnosed or recurrent transitional cell bladder cancer meeting the following criteria: - Ta or T1 primary tumor - Grade 1 or 2 disease - No more than 2 recurrences (except for index tumor) within the 18 months prior to the index tumor's transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT) - Index tumor post-TURBT must meet the following criteria: - Ta or T1 tumor without any prior tumor in situ, grade 3 (high grade) disease within 2 years prior to index tumor TURBT, or invasion of the muscularis propria (stage ≥ T2) - Grade 1 or 2 disease (similar to papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential and low-grade bladder cancer) - Not a candidate for a therapy other than TURBT (e.g., a series of instillations of intravesical immunotherapy [e.g., BCG] or intravesical chemotherapy, or cystectomy or partial cystectomy) - Negative upper tract imaging studies within 1 year (365 days) prior to study entry - Imaging studies may be performed after registration provided it is done prior to TURBT on the day of treatment - No urothelial cancer of the prostate or more distal urethra (or urethra at all in women) as assessed by endoscopy - Must have a negative urine culture (less than or equal to 10,000 col/mL, mixed flora-likely contamination) OR negative urine analysis for infection AND negative nitrates on reagent strip, ≤ 10 white blood cell count (WBC)/high-power field, and no rods or organisms on examination of spun urine sediment OR an automated or visual reagent strip urinalysis that is negative for leukocytes and nitrates within the past 28 days - TURBT planned within the next 28 days and planned treatment within 3 hours after TURBT PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - Zubrod performance status 0-1 - Not pregnant or nursing - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - No other prior malignancy except for any of the following: - Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer - In situ cervical cancer - Adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which patient is in complete remission - Any other cancer from which patient has been disease-free for 3 years PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - See Disease Characteristics - More than 145 days since prior intravesical therapy

Additional Information

Official title A Phase III Blinded Study of Immediate Post TURBT Instillation of Gemcitabine Versus Saline in Patients With Newly Diagnosed or Occasionally Recurring Grade I/II Superficial Bladder Cancer
Description OBJECTIVES: Primary - Compare the efficacy of a single intravesical instillation of gemcitabine hydrochloride vs placebo immediately after transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT) in preventing recurrence at 2 years in patients with grade 1 or 2 superficial transitional cell cancer of the bladder. Secondary - Compare whether a single instillation of intravesical gemcitabine hydrochloride can improve the time to progression to muscle invasive disease vs placebo in these patients. - Compare the qualitative and quantitative toxicities of these regimens in these patients. - Compare whether treatment with post-TURBT intravesical instillation of gemcitabine vs placebo results in reduced long-term morbidity in patients, as defined by requirement for fewer TURBTs, courses of traditional intravesical therapies, and surveillance cystoscopies over 4 years. Tertiary - Assess whether performing a combination of molecular and/or cytologic diagnostic marker tests, including NMP-22 Bladder Chek and BTA Stat every 3 months, can predict recurrence as accurately as cystoscopy alone in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease status (first occurrence vs recurrent disease) and number of tumor sites (1 vs ≥ 2). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. All patients undergo transurethral resection of the bladder tumor. Within 3 hours, patients receive intravesical therapy according to their randomized arm. - Arm I: Patients receive intravesical gemcitabine hydrochloride over 1 hour. - Arm II: Patients receive intravesical placebo over 1 hour. Urine is collected at baseline and then every 3 months for 2 years for research studies including the NMP-22 Bladder Chek and BTA Stat test. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 2 years. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 340 patients will be accrued for this study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Southwest Oncology Group.