Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions adenocarcinoma of the prostate, stage ii prostate cancer
Treatments finasteride, placebo, therapeutic conventional surgery, laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase phase 2
Sponsor National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date February 2007
End date April 2012
Trial size 200 participants
Trial identifier NCT00438464, 2006-0614, CDR0000653463, MDA03-1-03, N01CN35159, NCI-2009-00856, P30CA016672

Summary

This randomized phase II trial studies how well finasteride works in treating patients with stage II prostate cancer who are undergoing surgery. Testosterone can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Hormone therapy using finasteride may fight prostate cancer by lowering the amount of testosterone the body makes. Giving finasteride before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, investigator)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients receive finasteride PO QD for 4-6 weeks, and then undergo prostatectomy.
finasteride Finastid
Given PO
therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo prostatectomy
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
(Placebo Comparator)
Patients receive placebo PO QD for 4-6 weeks, and then undergo prostatectomy.
placebo PLCB
Given PO
therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo prostatectomy
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Molecular marker expression based on tissue microarray (TMA) derived from the dominant tumor focus
time frame: At time of prostatectomy

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Molecular marker expression compared between tumor foci
time frame: At time of prostatectomy
Frequencies with which two GGs appear in tumor foci
time frame: At time of prostatectomy

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants at least 18 years old.

Criteria: - Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate - Clinical stage T1c or T2 (stage II) - Gleason score of 6 or 7 on initial biopsy - Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level less than 10 ng/mL within the past 3 months - Candidate for and scheduled to undergo prostatectomy - ECOG performance status (PS) 0-2 OR Karnofsky PS 70-100% - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - No active malignancy at any other site - No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to finasteride - No uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of the following: Ongoing or active infection; Symptomatic congestive heart failure; Unstable angina pectoris; Cardiac arrhythmia - No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance - More than 6 months since prior hormonal agents, including dutasteride or finasteride - More than 6 months since prior chemotherapy - More than 1 month since prior participation in another investigational study - No prior radiotherapy for the primary tumor - No concurrent dehydroepiandrosterone, phytoestrogen supplements, antiandrogen therapy, dutasteride, or other finasteride - No concurrent anticoagulation, except for the use of daily acetylsalicylic acid (81 mg to 325 mg)

Additional Information

Official title A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Tissue Effects of Preoperative Finasteride Versus Placebo for Patients With Clinically Organ-Confined Prostate Cancer
Principal investigator Jeri Kim
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the frequency of discriminating molecular marker expression in Gleason grade (GG) 3 cores, adjusted for Gleason score (GS) at prostatectomy, in patients with stage II prostate cancer treated with neoadjuvant finasteride vs placebo. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the frequency with which grade 3 and grade 4 tumors occur in these patients. II. Determine the frequency of discriminating molecular signature expression in tissue microarray cores segregated by GS at prostatectomy in these patients. III. Compare GG 3-appearing areas (in tumors rated GS 6 at prostatectomy) in patients treated with finasteride vs placebo. IV. Compare GG 3-appearing areas (in tumors rated GS 7 at prostatectomy) in patients treated with finasteride vs placebo. V. Compare GG 4-appearing areas (in tumors rated GS 7 at prostatectomy) in patients treated with finasteride vs placebo. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to study site, Gleason score (6 vs 7), and type of prostatectomy (open vs robotic/laparoscopic). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive finasteride orally (PO) once daily (QD) for 4-6 weeks, and then undergo prostatectomy. Arm II: Patients receive placebo PO QD for 4-6 weeks, and then undergo prostatectomy. Tumor tissue obtained at prostatectomy is used to make tissue microarrays and is analyzed by immunohistochemistry for molecular marker expression studies. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).