This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition atrial fibrillation
Treatment aggressive blood pressure control
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Nova Scotia Health Authority
Collaborator Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation
Start date December 2009
End date October 2016
Trial size 184 participants
Trial identifier NCT00438113, RP-001


Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a very common arrhythmia causing many symptoms resulting in numerous hospitalizations. Catheter ablation is a technique that has evolved significantly to improve symptomatic recurrences, but does not offer a 100% cure rate. We hypothesize that the use of aggressive BP lowering will reduce the rate of recurrent AF after catheter ablation for AF. We plan a randomized clinical trial of aggressive BP lowering versus standard BP control to investigate this.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention
(Active Comparator)
The experimental arm will receive open label therapy to achieve a target systolic blood pressure less than or equal to 120 mmHg. If the average BP is found to be > 120 mmHg at the baseline, telephone or clinic followup visits, treatment will be recommended based on the following regimen (For details, please see Appendix 4): Step 1 - Accupril, titrated to maximum tolerated dose, beginning at 20 mg po od followed by 40 mg successively Step 2 - combination of Accupril with Hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg po od. Step 3 - Addition of Atenolol 50 mg po od. Step 4 - Addition of Norvasc 2.5-10 mg po od. Step 5 - Addition of Terazosin 1 mg po od.
aggressive blood pressure control Accupril
Aggressive Blood Pressure therapy, alone or combination therapy, to reach a target BP equal to or less than 120/80 mmHg
(No Intervention)
Treatment will be carried out as per the CHEP guidelines. These patients may require ACEi or ARBs for their treatment. No changes to their drug regimen will be made as long as BP measurements are congruent with current guidelines. These modifications will be made as per standard practice by the physician who is primarily involved with their care (this may be a family physician or a specialist, depending on the patient). Patients with diabetes in the standard arm will be treated to a target BP of <130/80 as per the CHEP guidelines.

Primary Outcomes

Time to symptomatic AF/atrial tachycardia (AT)/atrial flutter (AFl) lasting > 30 seconds more than 3 months post ablation.
time frame: at least 3 months post catheter ablation

Secondary Outcomes

Any recurrent atrial fibrillation/atrial tachycardia/atrial flutter post randomization
time frame: up to 30 months post randomization
Recurrent atrial fibrillation/atrial tachycardia/atrial flutter (symptomatic or asymptomatic) post ablation
time frame: up to 30 months post randomization
atrial fibrillation/atrial tachycardia/atrial flutter burden (pre and post ablation)
time frame: up to 30 months post randomization
Generic and disease specific quality of life
time frame: 12 months
Correlation of BNP and CRP and recurrence of atrial fibrillation/atrial tachycardia/atrial flutter
time frame: 12 months
Recurrent AF ablation therapy
time frame: up to 30 months post randomization
Visits to the ER or hospitalization for atrial arrhythmia
time frame: up to 30 months post randomization
Thromboembolic events
time frame: up to 30 months post randomization

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Documented systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 130 mmHg - Undergoing planned catheter ablation for persistent AF (lasting > 7 days and < 365 days or requiring electrical or chemical cardioversion) OR High burden paroxysmal AF > 6 months (greater than or equal to 3 symptomatic episdes in past 6 months and refractory or inteolerant to at least 1 class 1 or 3 antiarrhythmic) Exclusion Criteria: - Permanent atrial fibrillation - Contraindication to Accupril or any other ACE-I - Women of child-bearing potential - Life expectancy less than 1 year - Less than 18 years of age - Unable to give informed consent - Known moderate to several renal dysfunction (eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73m2) - Prior AF catheter ablation

Additional Information

Official title Atrial Substrate Modification With Aggressive Blood Pressure Lowering to Prevent AF
Principal investigator Ratika Parkash, MD MSc
Description Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia and is associated with significant morbidity, necessitating treatment. Radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation/flutter has evolved significantly and is the closest we have come to a 'cure' for these dysrhythmias. Recurrence of atrial fibrillation in those who have undergone radiofrequency ablation as treatment AF is up to 40% at one year and higher in those with persistent AF. Hypertension is a potent risk factor for AF, but recent studies have demonstrated that even modest increases in BP may lead to a higher incidence of AF. There is no clinical trial evidence to date that has investigated aggressive BP control in patients post radiofrequency ablation for AF to prevent recurrent AF. Objective: We propose to determine if aggressive BP control reduces recurrent AF post ablation. Hypothesis: Aggressive BP lowering will reduce the incidence of recurrent AF post ablation. Research Plan: Study Design. This will be a randomized open label trial in patients who are post catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Randomization to either aggressive BP lowering or standard BP control will occur three to six months prior to the procedure. Study Population. Patients will be included if they have persistent or high burden paroxysmal (refractory to class 1 or 3 antiarrhythmic medication) and intend to have a catheter ablation procedure for AF. Followup. Patients will be followed at 3 month intervals for the first year, then every 6 months to a maximum of 30 months or the common study end date has been reached (1 year post randomization for the last patient enrolled). Statistical Analysis. Kaplan-Meier analysis of the primary outcome will be performed. A Cox proportional hazards model will be constructed to assess the effect of variables chosen a priori on the primary outcome.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Nova Scotia Health Authority.