Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition osteoarthritis
Treatment fit and strong! exercise program
Sponsor National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Start date October 2003
End date September 2008
Trial size 600 participants
Trial identifier NCT00421681, 5 R01 AG023424, AG0075

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the comparative effects of two different ways of enhancing long-term adherence to and benefits associated with participation in the evidence-based, Fit and Strong multi-component exercise intervention for older persons with lower extremity osteoarthritis.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Experimental)
Treatment Arm A will develop tailored/negotiated contracts with the exercise instructor to maintain post intervention exercise adherence at home or in the community. Half of the participants in this "negotiated maintenance" arm will be randomly assigned to receive telephone calls to reinforce adherence and half will be assigned to a no telephone calls group.
fit and strong! exercise program
Fit and Strong! is an 8-week (24 sessions) multi-component exercise and health education intervention, including flexibility, aerobic conditioning, strength training, and group discussion/problem solving for lifestyle change. Following participation in Fit and Strong!, all study participants are randomly assigned to one of 2 maintenance treatment follow-up groups.
(Experimental)
Treatment Arm B will be mainstreamed into an ongoing facility-based exercise program for post intervention exercise adherence. Persons in this "mainstream follow up" arm will be randomly assigned such that half will receive regular telephone reinforcement follow up and half will not.
fit and strong! exercise program
Fit and Strong! is an 8-week (24 sessions) multi-component exercise and health education intervention, including flexibility, aerobic conditioning, strength training, and group discussion/problem solving for lifestyle change. Following participation in Fit and Strong!, all study participants are randomly assigned to one of 2 maintenance treatment follow-up groups.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Maintenance of exercise behavior measured by CHAMPS (Community Healthy Activities Model Program For Seniors)
time frame: Baseline, 2 months, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Changes in lower extremity strength (timed sit-stand test)
time frame: Baseline, 2 months, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months
Aerobic capacity (6 minute distance walk)
time frame: Baseline, 2 months, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months
Pain, stiffness, physical function subscales measured by WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster osteoarthritis index)
time frame: Baseline, 2 months, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months
Functional ability measured by GeriAIMS (Geriatric Arthritis Impact Measurement Scale)
time frame: Baseline, 2 months, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 60 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - 60 years of age or older - Presence of osteoarthritis in the lower extremities (including hip, knee, ankle, feet and lower back) with an American College of Rheumatology functional class rating of I, II, or III - No other contraindication from a personal physician for participation in fitness walking or low-impact aerobics and strength training - Lack of moderate to severe cognitive impairment shown as assessed by the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire Exclusion Criteria: - Under 60 years of age - Lack of osteoarthritis in the lower extremities - Contraindication from a personal physician for participation in activities described above - Presence of moderate to severe cognitive impairment as assessed by the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire - Steroid injections in either knee or hip within previous six months - Knee or hip surgery within previous six months - Plans for total knee or hip replacement within the next year - Rheumatoid arthritis or other system inflammatory arthritis - Diabetes that is not under good control - Current participation in a structured aerobic exercise program - Participation in original trial of the Fit and Strong Program

Additional Information

Official title Exercise Adherence Among Older Adults With Osteoarthritis
Principal investigator Susan Hughes, DSW
Description Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common condition affecting older people today. It is the leading cause of disability among older people and its impact is projected to increase substantially with the aging of the U.S population from 43 million currently to 60 million by 2020. Promising 2- and 6-month outcomes have recently been reported from a randomized trial of a multi-component exercise intervention targeted at older adults with lower extremity OA. The Fit and Strong intervention, developed and tested as part of the Midwest Roybal Center for Health Maintenance, coupled strength training and aerobic walking with health education for sustained behavior change. Improvements have been found in confidence in ability to exercise, confidence in ability to continue exercising over time, lower extremity stiffness, lower extremity pain, and 6-minute distance walk. Importantly, the average adherence rate in the people who participated in the exercise intervention at six months was twice that reported by controls. The specific aims of this study are to use a multi-site randomized controlled clinical trial to replicate the Fit and Strong intervention and to test the comparative effectiveness of a negotiated/tailored follow-up maintenance strategy vs. a mainstreaming, facility-based maintenance strategy, both of which will be tested with and without telephone reinforcement as an enhancement. All enrolled participants will participate in the 8-week Fit and Strong exercise program designed specifically for older adults with lower-extremity OA. Prior to the conclusion of Fit and Strong participants will be randomly assigned to one of two follow-up maintenance groups. There is no more than minimal risk associated with this program.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2009.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Institute on Aging (NIA).