Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions intracerebral hemorrhage, hypertension, stroke
Treatment nicardipine
Phase phase 1
Sponsor University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
Collaborator National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Start date July 2005
End date July 2015
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT00415610, 0609M93128, R01NS44976-01A2

Summary

The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of lowering blood pressure using nicardipine in persons with acute hypertension associated with intracerebral hemorrhage.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Other)
Dose escalation the scientists will investigate the potential consequences of controlling blood pressure with intravenous nicardipine at 170 to 200 mmHg
nicardipine
Intravenous (IV) nicardipine infusion. It is expected that the treatment duration will vary between 18 and 24 hours. Started at 5mg/h Titrated by 2.5mg/hour every 15 minutes to bring systolic blood pressure in target range for the applicable Tier. Max dose 15mg/hour *Once target systolic blood pressure reached, dose decreased by 2.5mg/hour every 15 minutes until systolic blood pressure maintained in the target range or the medication is discontinued.
(Other)
Dose escalation the scientists will investigate the potential consequences of controlling blood pressure with intravenous nicardipine at 140 to 170 mmHg
nicardipine
Intravenous (IV) nicardipine infusion. It is expected that the treatment duration will vary between 18 and 24 hours. Started at 5mg/h Titrated by 2.5mg/hour every 15 minutes to bring systolic blood pressure in target range for the applicable Tier. Max dose 15mg/hour *Once target systolic blood pressure reached, dose decreased by 2.5mg/hour every 15 minutes until systolic blood pressure maintained in the target range or the medication is discontinued.
(Other)
Dose escalation the scientists will investigate the potential consequences of controlling blood pressure with intravenous nicardipine at 110 to 140 mmHg
nicardipine
Intravenous (IV) nicardipine infusion. It is expected that the treatment duration will vary between 18 and 24 hours. Started at 5mg/h Titrated by 2.5mg/hour every 15 minutes to bring systolic blood pressure in target range for the applicable Tier. Max dose 15mg/hour *Once target systolic blood pressure reached, dose decreased by 2.5mg/hour every 15 minutes until systolic blood pressure maintained in the target range or the medication is discontinued.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Tolerability, the ability to achieve reduction of blood pressure and maintain treatment goals (the specified systolic blood pressure range for the 18-24 hour period) without neurological deterioration or side effects
time frame: 18-24 hour period

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Safety, as determined by the amount of neurological deteriorations during the 24 hour treatment period, plus the number of serious adverse events
time frame: within the first 72 hours of treatment initiation

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age older than 18 years. - Onset of new neurological signs of a stroke within 12 hours of the time to evaluation AND initiation of treatment with intravenous nicardipine. - Clinical signs consistent with the diagnosis of stroke, including impairment of language, motor function, cognition, and/or gaze, vision, or neglect. - The total GCS score is greater than 8 at the time of enrollment. - CT scan demonstrates intraparenchymal hematoma with manual hematoma volume measurement less than 60 cc. - ICH is supratentorial and is located in lobar, basal ganglionic, or thalamic based on the initial CT scan appearance. - Admission systolic blood pressure greater than 170 mm Hg on two repeat measurements at least 5 minutes apart. - Evidence of chronic hypertension. - Subject is not considered a surgical candidate by the neurosurgery service. Exclusion Criteria: - Time of symptom onset cannot be reliably assessed. - Previously known neoplasms, arteriovenous malformation, or aneurysms. - Intracerebral hematoma considered to be related to trauma by the neurologist or neurosurgeon. - ICH is located in the cortex or infratentorial regions such as pons or cerebellum. - Blood is visualized in the subarachnoid space. - Intravenous nicardipine cannot be initiated within 12 hours of symptom onset. - Use of clonidine hydrochloride and other central alpha-agonist within the last 48 hours that have the potential of withdrawal hypertension. - Pregnancy, lactation, or parturition within previous 30 days. - Any history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy, including the use of warfarin. - Use of heparin in the previous 48 hours and a prolonged partial thromboplastin time. - Known atrial-ventricular heart block other than first degree, or sick sinus syndrome without a pacemaker. - Intolerance to calcium channel blockers. - Exposure to study medication in the preceding 24 hours prior to enrollment. - A platelet counts less than 100 000/mm3. - Major surgery within the previous six weeks. - History of any intracranial hemorrhage (including intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage) or hemorrhagic stroke. - Seizure at onset of stroke. - Blood glucose less than 50 mg/dL or greater than 400 mg/dL. - Current participation in another research drug treatment protocol. - Isolated ventricular blood on CT scan. - Subject has a living will that precludes aggressive intensive care unit management. - Subject has acute myocardial infarction or renal failure that precludes use of aggressive antihypertensive therapy. - Subjects with unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction within 2 weeks prior to ICH. - Subjects with renal insufficiency with serum creatinine greater than 2.0 mg/dl or on renal dialysis. - Sinus tachycardia exceeding 120 beats per minute or supraventricular tachycardia is observed during initial evaluation. - Ischemic stroke within 4 weeks of presentation. - Congestive heart failure graded as class III and IV by New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification.

Additional Information

Official title Antihypertensive Treatment in Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage (ATACH)
Principal investigator Adnan I. Qureshi, MD
Description An estimated 37,000 to 52,400 people in the United States have intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) every year. ICH——a form of stroke that has poor outcome and is difficult to treat——is associated with the highest mortality rate of all strokes. Hematoma expansion has been identified as the most common cause of neurological deterioration in persons with ICH. Early evidence suggests that acute hypertension (HTN)—or elevated blood pressure—may make some individuals more susceptible to hematoma expansion. Treating HTN acutely may prevent hematoma expansion, however, the effect of aggressive HTN treatment has not been determined. The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the treatment feasibility and safety of lowering blood pressure using nicardipine——an antihypertensive medication——in persons who have acute HTN associated with ICH. This pilot study will enroll 60 individuals who qualify with a presenting systolic blood pressure of at least 170 mmHg, have an ICH, and can be evaluated and treatment initiated within 6 hours of onset of stroke symptoms. In a stepwise fashion, the scientists will investigate the potential consequences of controlling blood pressure with intravenous nicardipine at 3 sequential levels: 170 to 200 mmHg, 140 to 170 mmHg, and 110 to 140 mmHg. Twenty participants will be enrolled per level. Treatment will last 18 to 24 hours. Participants will stay in the hospital for about 7 days (including 24 hours in the intensive care unit for close monitoring) and will return for 1-hour follow-up visits at 30 days and at 90 days after discharge from the hospital. During these visits participants will receive neurological assessments to determine their functional outcome. For participants, the study will be completed after the 90-day follow-up visit.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute.