This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions leiomyosarcoma, uterine neoplasm
Treatment letrozole
Phase phase 2
Sponsor M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Collaborator Novartis
Start date December 2006
End date December 2017
Trial size 80 participants
Trial identifier NCT00414076, 2006-0453, NCI-2010-00554


The goal of this clinical research study is learn if taking Femara (letrozole) after a hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) for uterine leiomyosarcoma will delay or prevent the cancer from coming back.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
(Active Comparator)
Letrozole 2.5 mg Tablet By Mouth Daily for 12 Weeks.
letrozole Femara
2.5 mg Tablet By Mouth Daily for 12 Weeks.
(No Intervention)
Patients receive no treatment. Follow up every 3 months.

Primary Outcomes

Time to Progression
time frame: Every 12 week cycle, Minimal 24 months

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patients must have signed an approved informed consent. 2. Histologically confirmed uterine leiomyosarcoma with disease limited to the uterus (determined by surgical staging or radiologic imaging). 3. Tumors must express ER positivity by immunohistochemistry (ER expression >10% by immunohistochemistry). 4. Patients must have a hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy prior to initiation of therapy. 5. All patients must have no measurable disease. Measurable disease is defined as lesions that can be measured by physical examination or by means of imaging techniques. Imaging must be done within 6 weeks of study entry. 6. Patients must have a Zubrod performance status of 0, 1, or 2. 7. Patients must have a pretreatment granulocyte count (i.e., segmented neutrophils + bands) of greater than 1,000/Fl, a hemoglobin level of greater than or equal to 9.0 gm/dL and a platelet count of greater than 75,000/dL. 8. Patients must have an adequate renal function as documented by serum creatinine less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dL. 9. Patients must have adequate hepatic function as documented by a serum bilirubin less than or equal to 2.5 mg/dL. 10. Aspartate transaminase (SGOT) must be less than 3x institutional upper limit of normal. 11. Patients must have recovered from the effects of prior surgery. 12. No more than 12 weeks must have elapsed from hysterectomy. 13. Patients must be 18 years or older. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients who do not have pure uterine sarcomas (i.e., no mixed malignant Mullerian tumors). 2. Patients with any other severe concurrent disease, which would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study, including significant hepatic, renal, or gastrointestinal diseases. 3. Patients with a history of prior malignancy except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer for which the patient has been disease-free for at least five years. 4. Patients who were taking or have a history of taking letrozole or another aromatase inhibitor. 5. Patients with active or uncontrolled systemic infection. 6. Patients with history of uncontrolled cardiac disease; i.e., uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina, recent myocardial infarction (within prior 6 months), uncontrolled congestive heart failure, and cardiomyopathy with an ejection fraction under 40%. 7. Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding. 8. Presence of clinically apparent untreated central nervous system metastases. 9. Presence of carcinomatous meningitis. 10. Patients currently receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Additional Information

Official title A Randomized Phase II Study of Letrozole Versus Observation in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Uterine Leiomyosarcoma
Principal investigator Robert Coleman, MD
Description Letrozole is an aromatase inhibitor. Aromatase is the enzyme that produces estrogen in post-menopausal women. By interfering with the production of estrogen triggered by aromatase, letrozole reduces the total amount of estrogen in the body. As a result, less estrogen can reach cancer cells, thus preventing their growth. Before you can start treatment on this study, you will have "screening tests." These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in this study. These exams, tests, or procedures are part of regular cancer care and may be done even if you do not join the study. If you have had some of them recently, they may not need to be repeated. This will be up to your study doctor. Your complete medical history will be recorded, and you will have a physical exam (including a pelvic exam). Your vital signs and blood pressure will be measured. Blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests. You will also have a blood test (1 teaspoon) to check your cholesterol. You will have an electrocardiogram (ECG -- a test that measures the electrical activity of the heart). You will also have a chest x-ray, and either a computed tomography (CT) scan or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to check the status of the disease. Your doctors will test previously collected tumor tissue to learn if the estrogen receptor is positive or negative. If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the toss of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups. Group 1 will receive letrozole by mouth once a day. Group 2 will receive no treatment. Both groups will be followed closely every 3 months. You will have an equal chance of being placed in either group. If you are in Group 1, you will take letrozole by mouth every day for 12 weeks. Every 12 weeks is considered a study "cycle." You will only be given the amount of drug needed for 1 cycle of therapy at a time. You will keep a diary during the study that will list when and how much drug you took. This diary will be reviewed after each cycle of therapy by the research nurse or doctor and filed in your chart. Every 12 weeks, all participants will have blood (about 3-4 teaspoons) drawn for routine tests. CT scan of the chest, abdomen (stomach area), and pelvis will be done every 24 weeks. In addition, all participants will have a physical exam (including a pelvic exam), and your vital signs and blood pressure will be measured. You may remain on study for as long as you are benefitting. You will be taken off study if intolerable side effects occur. Once you are off study, blood (about 2-3 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests and to measure your cholesterol level. You will have a physical exam (including a pelvic exam), and an MRI or CT scan. This is an investigational study. Letrozole is approved by the FDA for treatment of some breast cancer patients after surgery. Its use in patients with leiomyosarcoma is experimental. Up to 80 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center.