Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition breast cancer
Treatments trastuzumab, anastrozole, cyclophosphamide, docetaxel, epirubicin hydrochloride, goserelin acetate, tamoxifen citrate, adjuvant therapy, conventional surgery, neoadjuvant therapy, radiation therapy
Phase phase 2
Target HER2
Sponsor Technische Universität München
Start date October 2006
Trial size 94 participants
Trial identifier NCT00398489, CDR0000516034, EU-20634, EUDRACT-2005-000967-24, KRDI-TUM-HED-324-PAE-0090-I

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Giving chemotherapy with or without monoclonal antibody therapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving these treatments after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving docetaxel, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide with or without trastuzumab works in treating women with locally advanced breast cancer that can be removed by surgery.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Rate of pathologic complete remission (pCR) after neoadjuvant therapy comprising docetaxel and trastuzumab (Herceptin®) in women with locally advanced, HER2-positive, operable breast cancer
time frame:
Rate of pCR after neoadjuvant docetaxel in women with locally advanced, HER2-negative, operable breast cancer
time frame:
Tolerability of treatment as measured by the nature and frequency of adverse events in women with HER2-positive or HER2-negative disease
time frame:
Identification of predictive markers
time frame:

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Rate of breast conserving therapy versus mastectomy in comparison to preoperative evaluation
time frame:
Correlation of clinical/sonographical response with pathological response, including lymph node status
time frame:
Rate of clinical complete remission (cCR) after neoadjuvant therapy comprising docetaxel and trastuzumab in women with locally advanced, HER2-positive, operable breast cancer
time frame:
Rate of cCR after neoadjuvant docetaxel in women with locally advanced, HER2-negative, operable breast cancer
time frame:
Disease-free survival after 2.5 and 5 years
time frame:
Overall-survival after 2.5 and 5 years
time frame:

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically or cytologically confirmed primary carcinoma of the breast by core biopsy - Solitaire or multifocal disease, defined as tumor manifestations within a quadrant or distance between tumor manifestations measured bilaterally < 4 cm, respectively - No multifocal primary tumor, defined as tumor manifestations in different quadrants or distance between tumor manifestations ≥ 4 cm - Locally advanced, operable disease - Primary tumor ≥ 2 cm by clinical examination or imaging (i.e., mammogram, MRI, or ultrasound) - Inflammatory breast cancer with bidimensionally measurable lesion, independent of nodal status, allowed - HER2 status meeting 1 of the following criteria: - HER2-positive disease - 3+ by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or positive by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) - HER-2 negative disease - 0 or 1+ by IHC OR 2+ by IHC and negative by FISH - No distant metastases by clinical or imaging diagnosis - No prior breast cancer - Hormone receptor status not specified PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - Female - Pre- or post-menopausal - ECOG performance status 0-2 - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 - Neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3 - Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL - ALT and AST ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN - Bilirubin normal (unless due to clearly documented Gilbert's syndrome) - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test (for premenopausal women or women with a postmenopausal status for < 1 year) - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - Adequate organ function for cytotoxic chemotherapy - No known hypersensitivity reaction to the study agents or incorporated substances - No known allergy or severe reactions to trastuzumab or its constituents (for patients with HER2-positive disease) - No preexisting motor or sensory neuropathy ≥ grade 2 - No other invasive malignancy within the past 5 years that would preclude study compliance or affect the interpretation of study results - LVEF ≥ 55% by MUGA or echocardiography - No other serious illness or medical condition, including any of the following: - New York Heart Association class II-IV congestive heart failure - History of documented congestive heart failure - Unstable angina pectoris - Myocardial infarction within the past 12 months - Uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., systolic blood pressure [BP] > 180 mm Hg or diastolic BP > 100 mm Hg) - Clinically significant valvular heart disease - High-risk, uncontrolled arrhythmias - Dyspnea at rest due to malignant or other disease - Condition that requires supportive oxygen therapy - Active serious uncontrolled infections - Uncontrolled diabetes PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - No prior systemic therapy for cancer - No prior trastuzumab (Herceptin^®) (for HER2-positive patients) - No other concurrent anticancer therapy - No other concurrent investigational drugs - No concurrent immunosuppressive therapy - No concurrent sex hormones - No concurrent corticosteroids unless for premedication - No concurrent bisphosphonates during active treatment with chemotherapy

Additional Information

Official title Evaluation of Response Rate to Pre-Operative Docetaxel + Herceptin Study Part A and Docetaxel Study Part B in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer Patients, Stratified by HER2-Status Trial - PHASE II [(Herceptin Docetaxel Neoadjuvant) HEDON]
Description OBJECTIVES: - Determine the efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy comprising docetaxel and trastuzumab (Herceptin®) and adjuvant therapy comprising epirubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, and trastuzumab (Herceptin®) followed by radiotherapy in women with locally advanced, HER2-positive, operable breast cancer. - Determine the efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy with docetaxel and adjuvant therapy comprising epirubicin hydrochloride and cyclophosphamide followed by radiotherapy in women with locally advanced, HER2-negative, operable breast cancer. OUTLINE: This is an open-label, prospective, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to HER2 status (positive vs negative). - Neoadjuvant therapy: - Stratum 1 (HER2-positive disease): Patients receive trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity - Stratum 2 (HER2-negative disease): Patients receive docetaxel IV alone as in stratum 1. - Surgery: All patients undergo surgery in week 19. - Adjuvant therapy: Beginning within 2 weeks after surgery, patients receive adjuvant therapy. - Stratum 1 (HER2-positive disease): Patients receive trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15, epirubicin hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on day 2, and cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes on day 2. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive trastuzumab IV alone every 3 weeks until week 52. - Stratum 2 (HER2-negative disease): Patients receive epirubicin hydrochloride and cyclophosphamide as in stratum 1. - Radiotherapy: Patients who undergo breast conserving surgery or patients who undergo mastectomy with ypN positive lymph nodes (i.e., > 4 positive lymph nodes) or ypT3 tumor (i.e., tumor size > 4 cm) undergo radiotherapy, beginning in approximately week 31 and continuing until up to week 38. - Adjuvant endocrine therapy: Patients with estrogen receptor- or progesterone receptor-positive disease receive adjuvant endocrine therapy beginning in approximately week 31. Premenopausal patients ≤ 40 years of age receive goserelin for 2-3 years and tamoxifen citrate for 5 years.Premenopausal patients > 40 years of age receive tamoxifen citrate for 5 years. Postmenopausal patients receive anastrozole for 5 years years. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 5 years. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 94 patients will be accrued for this study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2010.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).