Stem Cell Therapy to Improve Myocardial Function in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||coronary disease, myocardial infarction|
|Treatment||bone marrow stem cell therapy combined cabg|
|Phase||phase 1/phase 2|
|Sponsor||China National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases|
|Start date||January 2007|
|End date||April 2009|
|Trial size||50 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00395811, NCCD200601|
The purpose of this study is to determine whether intracoronary transfer of autologous bone marrow cells can induce angiogenesis, subsequently improving regional myocardial perfusion, and finally resulting in improved systolic and diastolic left ventricular function in patients with myocardial infarction.
50 patients with stable left ventricle function will - with six months interval - receive two treatments with bone marrow transplantation intracoronary in vessels supplying dysfunctional myocardial territories and Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG).
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Masking||double blind (subject, investigator)|
Changes in left ventricular ejection fraction from baseline to 6 months' follow-up
time frame: 3 year
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 70 years old.
- Patients with coronary disease undergoing CABG.
- At least 3 months since last episode of myocardial infarction
- Patients fulfilling either of the following criteria based on the extent of CAD by coronary angiography and LVEF by echocardiography. Reversible myocardial ischemia as revealed by SPECT. ejection fraction >=40% <=50%. Age >=18 years and <=70 Patients who can give informed consent themselves in writing.
- Negative pregnancy test (in women with childbearing potential).
- Sustained ventricular tachycardia in a 24-hour ECG.
- Chronic atrial fibrillation.
- Less than 3 months since last episode of cerebral infarction.
- Patients with a malignant tumor*.
- Patients with chronic rheumatoid arthritis.
- Patients with a history of severe allergic reactions.
- Patients with hematological disease (leukemia, myeloproliferative disease, or myelodysplastic syndromes).
- Patients currently suffering from or having a history of interstitial pneumonitis.
- Leukocytes less than 4,000/µL or exceeding 10,000/µL.
- Platelets less than 100,000/µL.
- Hemoglobin less than 10 g/dL.
- AST (GOT) exceeding 100 IU/L or ALT (GPT) exceeding 100 IU/L.
- Patients for whom it is impossible to perform both cardiac MRI
- Pregnant or nursing patients, those who may be pregnant, or those who plan on becoming pregnant before the end of the study period.
- Any other reason that the Clinical Supervisors or Clinical Researchers may have for considering a case unsuitable for the study.
|Description||This research study is being performed to find out more information about the safety and efficacy of autologous bone marrow stem cells transplantation. In patients with myocardial infarction, the heart muscle does not pump well. Over a period of years, this continues to get worse until the patient dies of heart failure. The researchers are trying to find out if the transplantation of these stem cell can make a change in the functioning of these areas of the heart muscle. Patients between 18 and 70 years of age who received autologous bone marrow stem cell transplant at the Fuwai cardiovascular hospital may be eligible for this study. Candidates must have had their first transplant at least 3 years before entering the current study. These patients receive autologous bone marrow cells transplantation intracoronary undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft. The objective evaluations will be performed at baseline and during 6 months follow-up. Heart function tests may include the following: 1. Electrocardiogram (EKG) evaluates the electrical activity of the heart. Electrodes placed on the chest transmit information from the heart to a machine. 2. Echocardiogram (Echo) is an ultrasound test that uses sound waves to create an image of the heart and examine the function of the heart chambers and valves. 3. Gated acquisition scan is a nuclear medicine test that uses a small amount of radioactive chemical injected into a vein. A special scanner creates an image of the heart for examining the beating motion of the muscle. 4. MRI evaluates function of the heart chambers the beating motion of the muscle.|
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