Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions recurrent thyroid gland carcinoma, stage iii thyroid gland follicular carcinoma, stage iii thyroid gland medullary carcinoma, stage iva thyroid gland follicular carcinoma, stage iva thyroid gland medullary carcinoma, stage iva thyroid gland papillary carcinoma, stage ivb thyroid gland follicular carcinoma, stage ivb thyroid gland medullary carcinoma, stage ivb thyroid gland papillary carcinoma, stage ivc thyroid gland follicular carcinoma, stage ivc thyroid gland medullary carcinoma, stage ivc thyroid gland papillary carcinoma, thyroid gland oncocytic follicular carcinoma
Treatments laboratory biomarker analysis, pharmacogenomic study, sunitinib malate
Phase phase 2
Targets VEGF, FLT-3, KIT, PDGF
Sponsor National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date August 2006
End date December 2016
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT00381641, 14696A, 7735, CDR0000502260, N01CM62201, N01CM62202, NCI-2009-00213, NCI-7735, P30CA014599, UCCRC-14696A

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well sunitinib malate works in treating patients with thyroid cancer that did not respond to iodine I 131 (radioactive iodine) and cannot be removed by surgery. Sunitinib malate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients receive sunitinib malate PO QD on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
laboratory biomarker analysis
Optional correlative studies
pharmacogenomic study PHARMACOGENOMIC
Optional correlative studies
sunitinib malate SU011248
Given PO

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Objective response rate, assessed using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
time frame: Up to 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Incidence of toxicity, graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0
time frame: From time of first treatment with sunitinib, assessed up to 2 years
Overall survival
time frame: Up to 2 years
Time to progression evaluated using the RECIST
time frame: Time from start of treatment to time of progression or death of any cause, assessed up to 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed papillary, follicular, or Hurthle cell carcinoma (cohort A) or medullary thyroid carcinoma (cohort B); their disease must have progressed despite treatment with iodine-131 therapy or they are not candidates for iodine-131 therapy and their disease cannot be completely removed by surgery; all patients with WDTC are expected to be on thyroxine suppression therapy - Patients must have radiographically or biochemically measurable disease; radiographically measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan; biochemically measurable disease is defined as an elevated thyroglobulin (WDTC patients) or calcitonin (MTC patients) - Patients must have evidence of disease progression (objective growth of existing tumors or rising thyroglobulin or calcitonin levels) within the last 6 months - Patients cannot have received prior receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors; patients cannot have received more than one prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease; patients cannot have received prior external beam radiation to the measured tumor constituting the target lesion(s) - Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 (Karnofsky >= 60%) - Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL - Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL - Platelets >= 100,000/mcL - Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL - Serum calcium =< 12.0 mg/dL - Total serum bilirubin within normal institutional limits - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal OR =< 5 X institutional upper limit of normal if patient has liver metastases - Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal - Patients must have corrected QT interval (QTc) < 500 msec - The following groups of patients are eligible provided they have New York Heart Association class II (NYHA) cardiac function on baseline echocardiogram (ECHO)/multigated acquisition scan (MUGA): - Those with a history of class II heart failure who are asymptomatic on treatment - Those with prior anthracycline exposure - Those who have received central thoracic radiation that included the heart in the radiotherapy port - Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; all women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to receiving sunitinib; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately - Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document Exclusion Criteria: - Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier; at least 4 weeks must have elapsed since any major surgery - Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents - Patients who have received prior treatment with any other antiangiogenic agent (e.g., bevacizumab, sorafenib, pazopanib, AZD2171, PTK787, vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF] Trap, etc.) - History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to sunitinib - Patients with QTc prolongation (defined as a QTc interval equal to or greater than 500 msec), serious ventricular arrhythmia (ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia greater than or equal to 3 beats in a row) or other significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities are excluded - Patients with poorly controlled hypertension (systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or higher) are ineligible - Patients who require use of therapeutic doses of Coumarin-derivative anticoagulants such as warfarin are excluded, although doses of up to 2 mg daily are permitted for prophylaxis of thrombosis; Note: Low molecular weight heparin is permitted provided the patient's prothrombin time (PT) international normalized ratio (INR) is =< 1.5 - Patients with any condition (e.g., gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication or a requirement for intravenous [IV] alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, or active peptic ulcer disease) that impairs their ability to swallow and retain sunitinib tablets are excluded - Patients with any of the following conditions are excluded: - Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture - History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 28 days of treatment - Any history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack within 12 months prior to study entry - History of myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmia, stable/unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, or coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft or stenting within 12 months prior to study entry - History of pulmonary embolism within the past 12 months - Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the NYHA functional classification system - The eligibility of patients taking medications that are potent inducers or inhibitors of that enzyme will be determined following a review of their case by the principal investigator; every effort should be made to switch patients taking such agents or substances to other medications, particularly patients with gliomas or brain metastases who are taking enzyme-inducing anticonvulsant agents - Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded; N.B.: Patients with brain metastases with stable neurologic status following local therapy (surgery or radiation) for at least 8 weeks from definitive therapy and without neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events are eligible for participation; patients cannot be receiving enzyme inducing anti-convulsants including carbamazepine, phenobarbital, and phenytoin - Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infections or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements are ineligible - Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with sunitinib malate - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated - Patients with conditions classified as NYHA III or IV per the New York Heart Association classifications

Additional Information

Official title Phase II Trial of Sunitinib (SU11248) in Iodine-131 Refractory, Unresectable Differentiated Thyroid Cancers and Medullary Thyroid Cancers
Principal investigator Jonas De Souza
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the response rate of single agent sunitinib (sunitinib malate) in patients with iodine refractory, unresectable well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) who have evidence of disease progression within 6 months of study enrollment. II. Determine the response rate of single agent sunitinib in patients with medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) who have evidence of disease progression within 6 months of study enrollment. III. Determine the toxicity, duration of response, progression free survival, and overall survival in patients with WDTC or MTC treated with single agent sunitinib. IV. Determine whether the presence of ret proto-oncogene (RET) gene rearrangements in patients with WDTC or RET mutations in patients with MTC predict response to sunitinib. V. Determine whether therapy with sunitinib affects phosphorylation of downstream RET effector, mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (ERK), in WDTC and MTC tissue. VI. Determine whether specific germ-line polymorphisms in the RET gene are associated with favorable outcome in patients with WDTC treated with sunitinib. OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts according to type of thyroid cancer (medullary vs well-differentiated). Patients receive sunitinib malate orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for 2 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).