Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions sleep apnea syndromes, inflammation
Treatments weight loss program, cpap therapy
Sponsor University of Pennsylvania
Collaborator National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Start date September 2006
End date January 2012
Trial size 181 participants
Trial identifier NCT00371293, 442, R01 HL080076-01A1, R01HL080076-01A1

Summary

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a serious sleep disorder in which a person's breathing is restricted during sleep. Obese individuals with OSA are at an increased risk of inflammation and heart conditions, but it is unknown whether this risk is related to the effects of OSA or obesity. This study will evaluate whether OSA or obesity plays the primary role in inflammation related to heart disease. The study will also determine the independent effects of OSA and obesity on insulin resistance and blood vessel function.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Participants will receive CPAP therapy.
cpap therapy
Participants receiving CPAP therapy will use a CPAP machine each night while they sleep.
(Active Comparator)
Participants will take part in a weight loss program.
weight loss program
Participants in the weight loss program will receive weekly dietary counseling and will be encouraged to decrease caloric intake and increase physical activity.
cpap therapy
Participants receiving CPAP therapy will use a CPAP machine each night while they sleep.
(Experimental)
Participants will receive CPAP therapy and take part in a weight loss program.
weight loss program
Participants in the weight loss program will receive weekly dietary counseling and will be encouraged to decrease caloric intake and increase physical activity.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Inflammation
time frame: Measured at Week 24

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Insulin resistance
time frame: Measured at Week 24
HDL cholesterol levels
time frame: Measured at Week 24
Triglyceride levels
time frame: Measured at Week 24
LDL cholesterol levels
time frame: Measured at Week 24

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Moderate to severe OSA (as defined by an apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] score greater than 15 events per hour) - Body mass index greater than 30 kg/m - Baseline CRP greater than 1.0 mg/dL Exclusion Criteria: - Predominant central sleep apnea - Type 1 Diabetes - Type 2 Diabetes associated with either: (a) unstable anti-diabetic therapy (anti-diabetic medication changes within past 3 months); (b) Hemoglobin A1C levels > 7%; (c) Inability to perform home blood glucose monitoring (fingerstick checks). - Requires use of supplemental oxygen - Acute coronary syndrome or stroke in the 3 months prior to study entry - A high-risk occupation or motor vehicle driving record, as defined by a score of 10 points or higher on an occupational and driving habits questionnaire - Blood pressure greater than 160/95 mm Hg (may be re-screened after blood pressure control is obtained) - Active infection, cancer, or chronic inflammatory disorder - Use of systemic steroids - Currently on an unstable dose of statin therapy (participants taking statins must be on a stable dose for at least 8 weeks prior to study entry) - Simultaneous use of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha (e.g., gemfibrozil, fenofibrate) or PPAR-gamma (e.g., rosiglitazone, pioglitazone) - Consumes more than 14 alcoholic drinks per week - History of surgery in the 3 months prior to study entry - Sustained ventricular or supraventricular tachycardia greater than 30 seconds during overnight sleep study - Known left ventricular ejection fraction less than 30% or decompensated congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization in the year prior to study entry - Any episode of decompensated respiratory function requiring hospitalization in the year prior to study entry - Severe restless leg syndrome or chronic pain syndrome that gives rise to frequent awakenings at night, as determined during the overnight sleep study (individuals may still be enrolled if these sleep-disrupting disorders can be resolved prior to study entry) - Pregnant or likely to become pregnant (i.e., pre-menopausal and not using a form of birth control) - Severe depression, as defined by a score of 29 or higher on the Beck Depression Index, or suicidal ideation - Serious medical or psychological condition that may compromise the participant's safety or successful participation in the study, in the opinion of the investigator

Additional Information

Official title Inflammatory Response to Sleep Apnea in Obese Subjects: The Cardiovascular Effects of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (COSA) Study
Principal investigator Julio A. Chirinos, MD
Description OSA is a common sleep disorder that is characterized by a brief collapse of the upper airway during sleep. This blockage prevents air from flowing properly into the lungs and causes pauses in breathing. If left untreated, OSA can cause high blood pressure, memory problems, weight gain, impotency, and headaches. It is also associated with an increased risk of inflammation-related heart conditions. Obesity is common among individuals with OSA and it may also be associated with inflammation. It is not known, however, whether the increased risk of heart problems is caused primarily by the inflammatory effects of OSA or obesity. The most common treatment for OSA is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, in which a mask is worn over the nose during sleep. Air flows through the mask to maintain a level of pressure that keeps the throat open. The most common treatment for obesity is weight loss. This study will determine the primary cause of heart-related inflammation by evaluating the individual and combined effects of CPAP therapy and a weight loss program in treating obese individuals with OSA. The study will also determine the independent effects of these therapies on insulin resistance and blood vessel function (arterial stiffness, central arterial pressures). This study will enroll obese individuals with moderate to severe OSA for a total of 24 weeks. Potential participants will first take part in an overnight sleep study at the University of Pennsylvania sleep lab. Sensors will monitor body functions during the night, including brain and muscle activity, eye movement, heart rate, breathing effort, air flow, and blood oxygen levels. Eligible participants will then be randomly assigned to CPAP therapy, a weight loss program, or a combination of the two. Participants in the weight loss program will receive weekly dietary counseling and will be encouraged to decrease caloric intake and increase physical activity. Participants receiving CPAP therapy will use a CPAP machine each night while they sleep. Study visits for all participants will occur at baseline and Weeks 6, 12, and 24. Blood will be collected to measure levels of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), which is an inflammation biomarker. Insulin resistance will be evaluated using a glucose tolerance test, and blood vessel function will be evaluated using a brachial artery reactivity test in which artery size and blood flow will be measured with an ultrasound.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Pennsylvania.