Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition brain and central nervous system tumors
Treatments erlotinib hydrochloride, mutation analysis, polymorphism analysis, laboratory biomarker analysis, pharmacological study, radiation therapy
Phase phase 1
Target EGFR
Sponsor Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group
Start date May 2005
Trial size 48 participants
Trial identifier NCT00360854, CCLG-CPP-05-07, CCLG-NAG-2005-09, CDR0000481539, EU-20617, EUDRACT-2004-005247-10, ITCC-003, ROCHE-MO18461

Summary

RATIONALE: Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving erlotinib together with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of erlotinib when given alone or together with radiation therapy in treating young patients with refractory or relapsed malignant brain tumors or newly diagnosed brain stem glioma.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Maximum tolerated dose of erlotinib hydrochloride when given alone and in combination with radiotherapy
time frame:

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Dose-limiting toxicities
time frame:
Safety
time frame:
Pharmacokinetic behavior of erlotinib hydrocloride
time frame:
Efficacy
time frame:
Correlation of expression and mutations of epidermal growth factor receptor with treatment response
time frame:

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 1 year up to 21 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Diagnosis of 1 of the following: - Histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant brain tumor - Refractory to first-line therapy or relapsed after conventional therapy - No effective conventional therapy exists - Histologically confirmed brain stem glioma - Newly diagnosed disease - No pilocytic glioma - Measurable or evaluable disease PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - WHO performance status 0-2 OR Lansky play scale 50-100% - Patients with motor paresis due to disease are eligible - Neurological deficits must be stable for ≥ 1 week - Life expectancy ≥ 8 weeks - Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mm³ - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³ - Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL - AST/ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN - Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN OR creatinine clearance ≥ 70 mL/min - No other serious, uncontrolled illness - No active infection - No organ toxicity ≥ grade 2 except alopecia and neurological symptoms due to disease - Must be able to take oral medication - Patients with newly diagnosed brain stem glioma with difficulty swallowing may be eligible - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - No evidence of pulmonary dysfunction or pre-existing lung disease - No myocardial infarction within the past year - No severe cardiac pathology - No significant ophthalmologic abnormality including, but not limited to, any of the following: - Severe dry eye syndrome - Keratoconjunctivitis sicca - Sjögren's syndrome - Severe exposure keratitis - Any other disorder likely to increase the risk of corneal epithelial lesions PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas) - More than 6 weeks since prior radiotherapy - No concurrent warfarin - No other concurrent anticancer or investigational agents

Additional Information

Official title Phase I Studies of TARCEVA™ (ERLOTINIB HYDROCHLORIDE, OSI-774) as Single Agent in Children With Refractory and Relapsed Malignant Brain Tumors and in Combination With Irradiation in Newly Diagnosed Brain Stem Glioma
Description OBJECTIVES: Primary - Establish the maximum tolerated dose of single-agent erlotinib hydrochloride in pediatric patients with refractory or relapsed malignant brain tumors and in combination with radiotherapy in pediatric patients with newly diagnosed brain stem glioma. Secondary - Determine dose-limiting toxicities of these regimens. - Define the safety profile of these regimens. - Characterize the pharmacokinetic behavior of erlotinib hydrochloride in these patients. - Evaluate the efficacy of these regimens. - Correlate expression and mutations of epidermal growth factor receptor with treatment response. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, nonrandomized, open-label, dose-escalation study of erlotinib hydrochloride. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups according to disease. - Group 1 (refractory or relapsed malignant brain tumors): Patients receive oral erlotinib hydrochloride once daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of erlotinib hydrochloride until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). - Group 2 (newly diagnosed brain stem glioma): Patients receive oral erlotinib hydrochloride once daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Beginning on day 1, patients also undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks . Cohorts of 1-2 patients receive escalating doses of erlotinib hydrochloride until the MTD is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose resulting in 25% of patients experiencing DLT at 6 weeks. Blood is collected for pharmacokinetic assessments and pharmacogenetic genotyping for analysis of enzyme polymorphisms. Tumor tissue may be assessed for epidermal growth factor receptor mutations. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 48 patients will be accrued for this study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).