Safety and Efficacy of Two Once Daily Anti Retroviral Treatment Regimens Along With Anti-tuberculosis Treatment
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus infections|
|Treatments||didanosine, lamivudine, efavirenz, didanosine, lamivudine, nevirapine|
|Sponsor||Tuberculosis Research Centre, India|
|Collaborator||National AIDS Control Organisation|
|Start date||June 2006|
|End date||June 2009|
|Trial size||180 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00332306, trc23|
Title: Evaluation of safety and efficacy of two different once daily anti-retroviral treatment regimens along with anti-tuberculosis treatment in patients with HIV-1 and tuberculosis - Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Phase: Phase III trial
Population: 180 HIV-1 positive patients with tuberculosis
Number of Sites: Four.
1. Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai
2. Government Medical College, Vellore
3. Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram
4. Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai
Study Duration: 26 months including 24 months of ART.
Primary Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of two different once-daily anti-retroviral treatment regimens (along with standard anti-tuberculosis treatment) in patients with HIV-1 and tuberculosis, by using virologic end points.
Secondary Objective To compare the efficacy of antiretroviral treatment given under partial supervision with unsupervised treatment (once a month supply).
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Suppression of Viral load to < 400 copies/ml or a two log reduction in viral load from the baseline value at the end of 6 months and a viral load <400 copies/ml at 24 months of antiretroviral therapy
time frame: Dec 2008
To compare the response to treatment between partially supervised drug administration and unsupervised drug administration.
time frame: Dec 2009
To compare the tolerability and toxicity attributable to study drugs.
time frame: Dec 2009
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 61 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: 1. Age > 18 years 2. a) Newly diagnosed sputum smear positive tuberculosis (at least 1 out of 6 sputum specimen should be positive by smear) b)Miliary tuberculosis, mediastinal/hilar lymphadenopathy, diagnosed by chest radiography or CT scan (irrespective of sputum smear status). c)TB lymphadenitis with histopathological/bacteriological evidence of TB d)Pleural effusion with biochemical/cytological/bacteriological evidence of TB 3. HIV-1 positivity (on 2 different rapid tests on the same blood sample) 4. CD4 cell counts less than 250 cells/mm3 5. Likely to remain in the same area for at least two years after start of treatment. 6. Willingness to stay in the hospital for 2 weeks during initiation of ART, and attend the clinic thrice weekly for the entire period of the study (up to 2 years). 7. Willingness for home visits, and to attend for investigations, supervised treatment and follow-up as required. 8. Within the area of intake (25 kms from any of the TRC subcentres). 9. Willingness to use contraception during trial period. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Resides outside area of intake. 2. Pregnancy and lactation. 3. Patients with major psychiatric illnesses and severe depression 4. Major complications of HIV disease like encephalopathy, renal (Serum creatinine level > 1.2 mgs/dl) or hepatic disease (Serum bilirubin > 2.0 times upper limit of normal, Serum transaminases > 2.5 times upper limit of normal), serum amylase > 2 times upper limit of normal with serum lipase > 1.5 times upper limit of normal. 5. Serious cardiac disease (CCF, IHD), uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, cancer, moribund state 6. Previous antituberculosis treatment for more than 1 month. 7. Previous antiretroviral treatment for more than 1 month 8. Patients with CD4 cell count >250 cells/mm3. 9. HIV-2 infection alone or in combination with HIV-1. 10. Patients currently using alcohol, IV drugs & other substance abuse. 11. Unwilling to use contraception & avoid pregnancy. 12. Unwilling to HIV/TB screening and participation in trial.
|Official title||Evaluation of Safety and Efficacy of Two Different Once Daily Anti Retroviral Treatment Regimens Along With Anti-tuberculosis Treatment in Patients With HIV-1 and Tuberculosis|
|Principal investigator||Soumya Swaminathan, MD|
|Description||Description of Agent or Intervention: The study intervention is to start patients with HIV and tuberculosis on anti-retroviral treatment along with the continuation phase of anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT)ie after completion of first two months of treatment. The anti-TB regimen used in this trial will be 2EHRZ3/4RH3. Two different once-daily regimens are being compared for their efficacy and adverse event profile, namely ddI + 3TC + NVP versus ddI + 3TC + EFZ. The primary aim is to study the outcome of patients treated with both ART and ATT at 6 months (24 weeks of ART). A secondary objective is to compare the utility of partially supervised directly observed treatment with unsupervised administration of anti-retroviral drugs. Patients with HIV-1 infection and active tuberculosis (pulmonary and extrapulmonary) will be started on a four-drug intermittent short-course anti-TB regimen on recruitment to the trial. They will be randomized at the end of intensive phase of ATT to receive either of the ART regimens and the outcome measured at the end of 6 months. During this phase, both ATT and ART will be given under supervision three times a week. Patients with viral load < 400 copies/ml(favourable outcome) at this time point will be randomized to receive ART either by partial observation of treatment (three times a week)or monthly supply (unsupervised administration) and final outcome will be measured at the end of 24 months of ART. The study will provide information on the comparative efficacy of the two regimens when given with anti-TB treatment as well as any added advantage that direct observation of treatment may provide.|
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