This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition fibromyalgia
Treatment exercise and behavior change education
Sponsor Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Collaborator Arthritis Foundation
Start date October 2002
End date August 2006
Trial size 200 participants
Trial identifier NCT00321659, K23 AR048305


The overall objective of this work is to improve treatment outcomes for persons with fibromyalgia by optimizing the approach to self-management. The purpose of this research project is to evaluate and compare, in a randomized, controlled trial involving 200 women, the short and long-term effectiveness of four approaches to fibromyalgia self-management for improving health and functional status, self-efficacy, and symptom severity. Additionally, we will also examine the effect of each intervention on health care usage. We will assess the following 16-week interventions:

- cardiovascular and flexibility exercise

- strength training, cardiovascular and flexibility exercise

- Arthritis Foundation's Fibromyalgia Self-Help course

- a combination of the Fibromyalgia Self-Help Course and strength training exercise interventions

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire
time frame:
SF36 Physical Function Scale
time frame:

Secondary Outcomes

SF36 subscales
time frame:
Beck Depression Inventory
time frame:
Beck Anxiety Inventory
time frame:
6 minute Walk Test
time frame:
1 Repetition Maximum Chest Press
time frame:
1 Repetition Maximum Leg Press
time frame:
Self Efficacy Scale
time frame:

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 25 years up to 75 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Women aged 25 to 75 years of age - A confirmed diagnosis of FMS by a primary care physician (and rheumatologist if present) using the American College of Rheumatology criteria - Currently under care for their FMS by a primary care physician or rheumatologist - Determined to be medically stable by their primary care physician and capable of participation in a supervised program of low to moderate intensity exercise - Willingness to commit to time and travel requirements of project Exclusion Criteria: - Do not fulfill ACR definition of FMS - Presence of a concurrent condition that limits a person’s ability to perform the exercise program (i.e., advanced RA or OA, recent MI) - History of a positive exercise/stress test, or current cardiovascular, pulmonary, neurological, or renal disease where an exercise program is contraindicated - Uncontrolled hypertension, diabetes, asthma, or heart failure - Physician does not want his/her patient to participate for any reason

Additional Information

Official title Short and Long-Term Effects of Exercise and Education as Self-Management in Women With Fibromyalgia
Principal investigator Daniel S. Rooks, PhD
Description Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common, chronic musculoskeletal disorder and a growing cause of disability and increased health care utilization. Current treatment focuses largely on pharmacological interventions, which are often ineffective at improving symptoms and functional status. Recent research suggests that disease self-management can be efficacious in the short-term at reducing symptom severity and improving function in persons with FMS. The most common forms of FMS self-management are coping skills training (behavioral/education) and exercise. Limited in number, most FMS self-management studies examine the short-term effects of one form or the other, with most using the coping skills training approach. Little data exist to examine the long-term effects of these interventions, the potential additive effect of combining coping skills training with a comprehensive, group exercise program or an approach for promoting long-term compliance of these interventions. The objective of this proposal is to identify the optimal approach to FMS self-management. The study is a randomized, controlled trial comparing coping skills training (the Arthritis Foundation Fibromyalgia Self-Help Course (FSHC)) with two exercise programs - cardiovascular and flexibility training with and without strength training - and a combination (the FSHC plus the strength training exercise program). Each intervention period will last 16 weeks and include group sessions led by trained personnel. Subjects will be followed for 6 months after completing the intervention to evaluate the short-term effect of each program. At 6 months, subjects will be randomized into two groups—one group will receive a 4 week refresher course of their original intervention every 6 months and the other group will receive no further intervention. Long-term follow up will be for 24 months after completing the 16 week intervention period. Subjects will include 200 women (four groups of 50), 25 to 65 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of FMS. Participants will undergo blinded assessment at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center’s GCRC at five time points—baseline, completion of the 16-week intervention and 6, 12 and 24 month follow up. We will assess health and functional status (FIQ, SF36), symptom severity (FIQ, SF36, Beck scales), self-efficacy (Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale), fitness (muscle strength, cardiovascular fitness, flexibility) and health care utilization (direct and indirect costs). The study will improve treatment outcomes for persons with FMS by identifying the optimal self-management program.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2006.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.