This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions stress, psychological, anxiety
Treatment expressive writing
Phase phase 1
Sponsor University of Toronto
Collaborator Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care
Start date May 2003
End date July 2005
Trial size 120 participants
Trial identifier NCT00303147, 11438


The purpose of this study is to determine if expressive writing is an effective intervention for reducing stress, enhancing cognition, and improving quality of life for caregivers of older adults with dementia

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

General Health Questionnaire
time frame:
Impact of Events Scale
time frame:
Zarit Burden Interview (short form)
time frame:
California Verbal Learning Test
time frame:
Ruff 2 & 7 Selective Attention Test
time frame:
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
time frame:

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Primary family caregiver for an older adult with dementia - Self-reported caregiver stress or burden - Fluency in written/spoken English Exclusion Criteria: - non-family or non-primary caregiver - existing use of expressive writing / diary

Additional Information

Principal investigator Corey S Mackenzie, Ph.D.
Description A significant and growing need exists to support caregivers of older adults with dementia, including methods of support that are easily implemented and targeted at caregivers who can not access multicomponent interventions. The current intervention examines the efficacy of one such approach: expressive writing (EW). We are examining the efficacy of EW, in terms of its ability to reduce stress, enhance cognition, and improve well-being, by comparing it to two control conditions: objective writing about how caregivers spend their time (time management; TM) and objective writing about non-personal historical events (history writing; HW).
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2006.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Toronto.