Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, type 2
Treatments lifestyle consultation: weight control, diet, exercise
Sponsor Japan Foundation for the Promotion of International Medical Research Cooperation
Collaborator Japan Diabetes Foundation
Start date May 2006
End date March 2016
Trial size 2542 participants
Trial identifier NCT00300976, J-DOIT3

Summary

The objective of the study is to confirm the superiority of the intensive therapy to the conventional therapy concerning the prevention of the incidence or exacerbation of vascular complications caused by diabetes mellitus (DM) by a randomized controlled study in patients with type 2 DM.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
lifestyle consultation: weight control, diet, exercise
Behavioral: Lifestyle modification including weight control, with the goal of BMI 22. Drug: Drugs are added in a stepwise manner to control blood glucose, blood pressure and lipid metabolism, using mainly hypoglycemic drugs, ACEI/ARB and statins, respectively. Management goals are: HbA1c < 6.2%, BP < 120/75 mmHg, HDL-C 40 mg/dL , LDL-C < 80 mg/dL, TG < 120 mg/dL.
(Active Comparator)
lifestyle consultation: weight control, diet, exercise
Behavioral and Drug: The physician in charge is to administer appropriate therapy in accordance with the Guidelines.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
The occurrence of myocardial infarction, coronary bypass surgery, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, stroke, carotid endarterectomy, percutaneous transluminal cerebral angioplasty, carotid artery stenting, or death
time frame: Every 12 months, at the end of the study.

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Occurrence of myocardial infarction, stroke or death
time frame: Every 12 months, at the end of the study.
Onset or progression of nephropathy
time frame: Every 6 months, at the end of the study.
Lower limb vascular events (amputation or revascularization of lower limb)cerebral revascularization)
time frame: Every 12 months, at the end of the study.
Onset or progression of retinopathy
time frame: Every 12 months, at the end of the study.

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 45 years up to 69 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Subjects were considered eligible if they were 45 years old or older but younger than 70 years old at study entry, had type 2 diabetes and met both "(1) and (2)" or both "(1) and (3)" described below. [Note: Those who met all three "(1), (2) and (3)" were also considered eligible for inclusion.](1) Glycemic control Those with HbA1c 6.9% or greater despite treatment with any of the three regimens given below. Diet and exercise therapy alone, Diet and exercise therapy plus 1 oral anti-diabetic drug, Diet and exercise therapy plus, GI and 1 other oral anti-anti-diabetic drug (2) Blood pressure control Those with the following casual blood pressure (BP) level as measured on an outpatient basis, Systolic BP 140 mmHg or diastolic BP 90 mmHg while not on an antihypertensive agent, Systolic BP 130 mmHg or diastolic BP 80 mmHg while on 1 or 2 ARB, ACEI or long-acting CCB Those receiving antihypertensive agents other than ARB, ACEI or long-acting CCB were not eligible for study entry, with the exception of those who were receiving these agents for other purposes than blood pressure lowering. (3) Lipid metabolism Those with the following fasting lipid levels while not on a lipid-lowering agent LDL-cholesterol, 120 mg/dL (as calculated by using the Friedewald formula) Triglycerides, 150 mg/dL HDL-cholesterol, < 40 mg/dL Subjects receiving 1 lipid-lowering agent were judged eligible for study entry if they met any of the above criteria. However, care needs to be taken to ensure that those on fibrates discontinue the fibrate treatment at the start of the study when they are assigned to the intensive therapy arm. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Those with poorly controlled hypertension despite pharmacological therapy (systolic BP 200 mmHg or diastolic BP 120 mmHg) 2. Those on insulin therapy 3. Those with non-diabetic renal disease 4. Those in whom type 1 and other diabetes due to pathogenic mechanisms other than those associated with type 2 diabetes is strongly suspected 5. Those who tested anti-GAD antibody*-positive 6. Those with LDL-cholesterol 200 mg/dL 7. Those suspected of having secondary hypertension other than renal parenchymal hypertension 8. Those suspected of having hereditary lipid disorder with a strong family history of lipid metabolic disorder 9. Those who were receiving antihypertensive agents other than ARB, ACEI, long-acting CCB, except where they were receiving these agents for other purposes than blood pressure lowering 10. Those who were receiving 3 or more antihypertensive agents (i.e., ARB, ACEI, and long-acting CCB), except where they were receiving these agents for other purposes than blood pressure lowering 11. Those with more serious retinopathy than proliferative retinopathy 12. Renal failure (serum Cr: 2.0 mg/dL in men; 1.5 mg/dL in women) 13. Those with a history of cardiac failure or those with cardiac failure 14. Those who were pregnant or potentially pregnant 15. Those who met any of the following criteria and who had BNP 100 pg/mL, Myocardial infarction, Angina pectoris (or a history of disease), History of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), History of percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PTCA), Other cardiac disease, ECG findings of left ventricular hyperplasia, Abnormal ECG findings (excluding isolated extrasystole or right bundle branch block [RBBB]) 16. Those judged by the physician in charge to be ineligible for study entry

Additional Information

Official title A Randomized Controlled Study of the Intensive Therapy and the Conventional Therapy for the Suppression of the Vascular Complications in the Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Principal investigator Takashi Kadowaki
Description The objective of the study is to confirm the superiority of the intensive therapy to the conventional therapy concerning the prevention of the incidence or exacerbation of vascular complications caused by diabetes mellitus by a randomized controlled study in patients with type 2 DM. The primary outcome measure is occurrence of myocardial infarction, coronary bypass surgery, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, stroke, carotid endarterectomy, percutaneous transluminal cerebral angioplasty, carotid artery stenting, or death.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Japan Foundation for the Promotion of International Medical Research Cooperation.