Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition breast cancer
Treatments 3d-crt apbi, wbi
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Ontario Clinical Oncology Group (OCOG)
Collaborator Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Start date January 2006
End date June 2020
Trial size 2128 participants
Trial identifier NCT00282035, CIHR Grant Number: MCT-78567, OCOG-2005-RAPID

Summary

To determine if Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation, using 3D CRT, is as effective as Whole Breast Irradiation following breast conserving surgery in women with an new histological diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ only or invasive breast cancer without evidence of metastatic disease. Effectiveness will be determined by the rate of ipsilateral breast tumour recurrence.

General objective is to improve the convenience and quality of life of female patients who receive breast irradiation.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Accelerated partial breast irradiation utilizing 3D-CRT
3d-crt apbi
Accelerated partial breast irradiation utilizing 3D-CRT
(Active Comparator)
Whole breast irradiation
wbi
Whole breast irradiation

Primary Outcomes

Measure
ipsilateral breast tumour recurrence defined as recurrent invasive or in situ cancer in the ipsilateral breast including the axillary tail.
time frame: ongoing throughout study

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
adverse cosmetic outcome
time frame: evaluated at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 years
disease free survival
time frame: ongoing throughout study
event free survival
time frame: ongoing throughout study
overall survival
time frame: ongoing throughout study
radiation toxicity
time frame: ongoing throughout study
quality of life
time frame: ongoing throughout study
cost effectiveness
time frame: end of study

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants at least 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - 1a. Female patient with a new histological diagnosis of DCIS only. OR 1b. Female patient with a new histological diagnosis of invasive carcinoma of the breast and no evidence of metastatic disease. 2. Treated by BCS with microscopically clear resection margins for invasive and non-invasive disease (or no residual disease on re- excision). 3. Negative axillary node involvement including micrometastasis <= 0.2mm or positive cells only identified by IHC as determined either by: (i) sentinel node biopsy (ii) axillary node dissection or (iii) clinical exam for patients with DCIS only Exclusion Criteria: - 1. Age < 40 years. 2. A known deleterious mutation in BRCA 1 and/or BRCA 2. 3. Tumour size > 3 cm in greatest diameter on pathological examination (including both the invasive and non-invasive component). 4. Tumour histology limited to lobular carcinoma only. 5. History of cancer: - Patients with another active malignancy or malignancy treated < 5 years prior to randomization are excluded. - Patients with a prior diagnosis of invasive or non-invasive breast cancer in either breast are excluded regardless of disease free interval. Patients with concurrent invasive or non-invasive contralateral breast cancer are also excluded. - Patients with prior or concurrent basal cell or squamous cell skin cancers are eligible for the trial. 6. More than one primary tumour in different quadrants of the same breast. 7. Previous irradiation to the ipsilateral breast that would preclude whole breast irradiation. 8. Presence of an ipsilateral breast implant or pacemaker. 9. Serious non-malignant disease (e.g. cardiovascular, pulmonary, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), scleroderma) which would preclude definitive radiation treatment. 10. Estrogen receptor status (ER) not known. 11. For patients not treated with adjuvant chemotherapy: unable to commence radiation therapy within 12 weeks of the last surgical procedure on the breast. 12. For patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy: unable to commence within 8 weeks of the last dose of chemotherapy. 13. Currently pregnant or lactating. 14. Psychiatric or addictive disorders which would preclude obtaining informed consent or adherence to protocol. 15. Geographic inaccessibility for follow-up. 16. Inability to localize surgical cavity on CT (i.e., no evidence of surgical clips or seroma). 17. Inability to adequately plan the patient for the experimental technique.

Additional Information

Official title A Multi-centre Randomized Trial to Determine if Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation, Utilizing 3D CRT, is as Effective as Whole Breast Irradiation Following Breast Conserving Surgery in Women With Ductal Carcinoma in Situ or Invasive Breast Cancer With Negative Axillary Lymph Nodes
Principal investigator Tim Whelan, MD
Description Following breast conserving surgery or on completion of chemotherapy, patients will be stratified according to age, tumour histology, tumour size, adjuvant hormonal therapy and clinical centre. Patients will be allocated to receive either whole breast irradiation or 3D CRT accelerated partial breast irradiation. Radiation therapy will be administered as soon as possible following the healing of the surgical incision (3-4 weeks) and within 12 weeks if the patient is not treated with chemotherapy. If the patient is treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy will begin after 2 weeks and not beyond 8 weeks after the last dose of chemotherapy. Patients treated with whole breast irradiation will receive a total dose of 42.5 Gy in 16 fractions, given on a daily basis, over a time period of 22 days. Patients with large breast size are permitted to receive a total dose of 50 Gy in 25 fractions, given on a daily basis, over a time period of 35 days. Boost irradiation is permitted in patients treated with whole breast irradiation. Boost irradiation of 10 Gy/4-5 fractions daily over a time period of 4-7 days is permitted for patients deemed at moderate to high risk of local recurrence as per local cancer centre guidelines. Patients treated with 3D CRT accelerated partial breast irradiation will receive a total dose of 38.5 Gy in 10 fractions, delivered twice a day, over a time period of 5-8 days. Each daily dose must be separated by 6-8 hours. Patients will be followed indefinitely and assessed formally at 6 and 12 months after the date of randomization and then on a yearly basis. Patients will be assessed for acute and late radiation toxicity, cardiac toxicity, recurrent disease, new primary cancer, cosmetic outcome, quality of life and overall survival.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Ontario Clinical Oncology Group (OCOG).