Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions alcohol drinking, wounds and injuries
Treatment brief motivational interview
Sponsor University of California, Davis
Collaborator California Office of Traffic Safety
Start date March 2006
End date June 2013
Trial size 830 participants
Trial identifier NCT00278785, 200513815-1, Grant Number AL0584, Office of Traffic Safety

Summary

The underlying hypothesis that providing brief interventions to individuals who engage in potentially harmful patterns of alcohol use will alter their drinking behavior and therefore avoid negative consequences. Specifically, this study aims to determine if brief interventions will:

1. Reduce the number of re-admissions and deaths due to injuries associated with alcohol consumption

2. Reduce the number of driving under the influence (DUI) arrests

3. Reduce harmful drinking behavior

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(No Intervention)
Control group to receive informational pamphlet on alcohol use and list of self referral agencies
(Experimental)
Intervention group receives pamphlet on alcohol and self referral information in addition to brief motivational interview
brief motivational interview Brief intervention
10-20 minute brief motivational interview

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Hospital re-admissions
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
12 month AUDIT Results
time frame: 12 months
Moving violations/DUI
time frame: 2 years
Self referral for counselling/treatment
time frame: 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - >=18 yrs old - English or Spanish Speaking - Mentally and physically able to provide consent and participate in the intervention - Admission to the trauma ward or ICU Exclusion Criteria: - <18 yrs old - Non-English or Non-Spanish Speaking - Severe Psychiatric illness - incarcerated

Additional Information

Official title Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Among Injured Patients: A Prospective, Randomized Trial
Principal investigator Garth H. Utter, MD, MSc
Description Alcohol use is the most common underlying cause of injuries in the United States. There is a growing body of literature suggesting that brief interventions (BI), in the form of a short (10-60 minute) counseling session, may decrease alcohol consumption and its harmful consequences. In contrast to the abundant literature on the effectiveness of BI in the outpatient setting, only 3 randomized controlled trials have been performed an adults specifically in the setting of acute trauma, and have had inconclusive results. All three studies used highly trained persons to perform the BI, and all were greater than 30 minutes in duration, a situation that may not necessarily reflect the practicalities of routine medical care. This raises the question of whether the benefits seen in these studies reflect the expertise of a small number of individuals or whether the effects correlate with the amount of time spent with the patient. Highly trained personnel and time are valuable commodities in a busy trauma center and may not be feasible given the competing clinical demands. We propose to investigate whether BI are effective in a setting that is more likely to reflect "real world" of clinical medicine rather than an idealized setting, utilizing trauma nurse practitioners to perform brief (5-10 minute) interviews. We will identify all patients admitted with trauma who test positive on a blood alcohol test. These patients will be consented and randomized to either a brief intervention group, or a standard medical care group. All patients will receive an AUDIT questionnaire to identify patterns of drinking behavior and an alcohol information pamphlet. After discharge, patients will be telephoned at 1,6, and 12 months. The first 2 contacts will be to see how the patient is doing and to verify the contact information. The AUDIT questionnaire will be re-administered during the 12 month interview.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of California, Davis.