Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition lung cancer
Treatments carboplatin, tarceva, paclitaxel, conventional surgery, radiation therapy
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Target EGFR
Sponsor Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date October 2005
End date February 2011
Trial size 32 participants
Trial identifier NCT00278148, CCF-5876, CCF5876, P30CA043703

Summary

RATIONALE: Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving erlotinib, paclitaxel, and carboplatin together with radiation therapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving these treatments after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the best dose of erlotinib and the side effects of erlotinib, paclitaxel, and carboplatin when given together with radiation therapy and to see how well they work in treating patients who are undergoing surgery for stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Maximum tolerated dose of erlotinib hydrochloride (Phase I)
time frame: 2 weeks after surgery
Tolerability of long-term OSI-774 (Phase II)
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Clinical and pathological response rate
time frame: 2 years
Overall survival
time frame: 2 years
Disease-specific survival
time frame: 2 years
Locoregional control
time frame: 2 years
Distant control
time frame: 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer - Surgically determined stage IIIA or IIIB disease - Histology from an involved mediastinal or supraclavicular lymph nodes alone will be allowed if a separate distal primary lesion is clearly evident on radiographs - Histological or cytological proof of mediastinal nodal involvement by mediastinoscopy, Chamberlain procedure, thoracoscopy, thoracotomy, or CT-guided biopsy is required except for cases of paralysis of left true vocal cord with separate left lung primary distinct from enlarged nodes > 1 cm in the anterior-posterior window seen on the CT scan - Patients with N3 or T4 status must be evaluated and deemed potentially resectable after induction chemotherapy and radiation therapy - Measurable and evaluable disease - No malignant pleural effusion except for effusion visible only on CT scan and deemed too small to tap - No pericardial effusion - No small or mixed small cell/non-small cell lung cancer - No massive lesions requiring radiation to the entire lung - No metastatic cancer to the lungs PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - ECOG performance status 0-1 - WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^3 - Platelet count > 100,000/mm^3 - Serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL - Alkaline phosphatase, AST, and ALT < 2 times upper limit of normal - Albumin > 3.0 g/dL - Serum bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL - Adequate pulmonary function - No clinical evidence of another uncontrolled malignancy - No requirement for urgent therapy for severe local symptoms such as post-obstructive pneumonia PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - No prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy for lung cancer - No prior surgery to treat the cancer

Additional Information

Official title A Phase I/II Trial of Neoadjuvant Paclitaxel, Carboplatin and OSI-774 (Tarceva) With Concurrent Accelerated Hyperfractionation Radiation Followed by Maintenance Therapy With OSI-774 for Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Description OBJECTIVES: Primary - Assess the safety and feasibility of erlotinib hydrochloride, paclitaxel, and carboplatin in combination with accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy in patients with stage IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer. - Determine the maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose of erlotinib hydrochloride in these patients. - Assess the safety and tolerability of long-term maintenance erlotinib hydrochloride after completion of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy in these patients. Secondary - Evaluate the clinical and pathological response rate in these patients after neoadjuvant erlotinib hydrochloride, paclitaxel, carboplatin, and radiotherapy. - Assess the impact of erlotinib hydrochloride on disease-free survival, overall survival, locoregional control, and distant metastatic control in these patients. OUTLINE: This is an open-label, phase I dose-escalation study of erlotinib hydrochloride followed by a non-randomized phase II study. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of erlotinib hydrochloride until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. - Phase I: - Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy: Patients receive oral erlotinib hydrochloride once daily on days 1-28 and paclitaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients concurrently undergo radiotherapy twice daily on days 1-5 and 8-12. Patients with complete response, partial response, or stable disease proceed to surgery. Patients who develop a medical contraindication to surgery (i.e., medically unresectable) receive a second course of erlotinib hydrochloride, paclitaxel, carboplatin, and radiotherapy as above within 2 weeks after completion of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of erlotinib hydrochloride until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. - Surgery: Within 4 weeks after completion of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, patients undergo surgical resection and then proceed to adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. - Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy: Within 6-8 weeks after surgery, patients receive a second course of erlotinib hydrochloride, paclitaxel, carboplatin, and radiotherapy as in neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. - Maintenance therapy: All patients receive oral erlotinib hydrochloride once daily for 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. - Phase II: Patients receive treatment as in phase I with erlotinib hydrochloride at the MTD. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 42 patients will be accrued for this study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center.