This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition metabolic syndrome x
Treatment low-carbohydrate and high-carbohydrate diets
Sponsor University of Virginia
Start date November 2004
End date February 2008
Trial size 24 participants
Trial identifier NCT00269646, HIC11487


The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of a low-carbohydrate diet and a high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diet, on insulin sensitivity and blood chemicals considered risk markers for heart disease, in persons with the metabolic syndrome.

Our primary hypothesis is that the ad libitum high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diet will significantly improve insulin sensitivity, whereas the ad libitum low-carbohydrate, low-fiber diet will not.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking single blind (investigator)
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

insulin sensitivity
time frame: before and after one month on each diet

Secondary Outcomes

Total and LDL-cholesterol
time frame: before and after one month on each diet
C-reactive protein
time frame: before and after one month on each diet
time frame: before and after one month on each diet
time frame: before and after one month on each diet
Cytokines IL-1, IL-2, IL-6 and TNF-alpha
time frame: before and after one month on each diet
Leukocyte adhesion molecules
time frame: before and after one month on each diet
Flow-mediated dilation
time frame: before and after one month on each diet

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 64 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Subjects must meet the criteria of the metabolic syndrome, which is defined as having three or more of the following: - Waist circumference: >94 cm for males; >80 cm for females - Blood Pressure: >130/85 mmHg - HDL-Chol (mg/dl): <50 women; <40 men) - Triglycerides (mg/dl): >150 - Glucose (mg/dl): >100 2. Subjects must meet age requirement 3. Subjects must be nonsmokers 4. Subjects must be willing to provide written consent 5. Subjects must be willing to pick-up up meals at the GCRC and return uneaten food 6. Have no food allergies 7. Subjects must not be currently following any particular diet, and must not have intentionally lost weight by dieting during the previous 3 months 8. Subjects must not be taking nutritional supplements other than a daily multivitamin 9. Subjects must be willing to maintain current physical activity routine, which cannot exceed the equivalent of > 30 minutes per day of moderate-intensity activity 10. Blood hematocrit must be at least 40 for men and 36 for women. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Does not meet the criteria for the metabolic syndrome 2. Does not meet age requirement 3. Smoker 4. Pregnancy 5. Food allergies 6. Unwillingness to provide written consent 7. Personal history of cardiovascular disease, including prior myocardial infarction, angioplasty, or bypass surgery 8. Known cardiovascular or metabolic diseases (e.g., diabetes) 9. Currently using medications to control blood pressure, lipids, or glucose 10. Currently on a diet or has attempted weight loss by dieting during the past 3 months 11. Currently taking nutritional supplements other than a daily multivitamin 12. Currently exercising more than the equivalent of 30 minutes/day of moderate-intensity physical activity 13. Currently on oral contraceptives 14. Hematocrit below 40 for men or below 36 for women 15. Baseline systolic blood pressure below 100 mmHg -

Additional Information

Official title Effect of a Low-Carbohydrate and High-Carbohydrate, High-Fiber Diet on Insulin Sensitivity and Risk Markers for Cardiovascular Disease in Men and Women With the Metabolic Syndrome
Principal investigator Glenn A Gaesser, PhD
Description Low-carbohydrate eating is becoming perceived as more than just a weight loss diet, but rather a means to improve health. Several studies have been published suggesting that low-carbohydrate diets may be preferable to low-fat diets for weight loss and in terms of some health markers. On the other hand, considerable evidence suggests that low-carbohydrate diets, high in fat, are associated with a number of adverse health outcomes. The health benefits of high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diets have also been demonstrated. This study is designed to assess the differences between the two different dietary strategies in terms of a number of health outcomes. Participants will consume, in random order, a non-calorie-restricted low-carbohydrate and a non-calorie-restricted high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diet for one month, with a 4-6 week washout period in between.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2009.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Virginia.