Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, vascular diseases
Sponsor National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Start date June 2004
Trial size 510 participants
Trial identifier NCT00246493, 04-AG-N294, 999904294

Summary

The prevalence, incidence, and severity of atherosclerotic disease all markedly increase with age. Basic experimental and observational data demonstrate that aging magnifies the pathologic and clinical consequences of established risk factors and is the most potent individual risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis and for adverse outcomes following an ischemic event. These findings suggest that normal aging alters the vascular substrate so as to promote the development and progression of atherosclerosis. The age-associated changes in vascular structure and function include an increase in central vascular stiffness, intimal proliferation, and endothelial dysfunction. The major hypothesis is that the above alterations in vascular substrate (i.e. vascular age) are an important determinant of the age associated increased likelihood for the development and progression of coronary atherosclerotic disease.

This program will non-invasively characterize vascular age and atherosclerotic burden in BLSA participants and individuals with successful aging, i.e. those with no or minimal evidence of coronary atherosclerotic disease, and those with premature, clinically evident coronary artery disease. It will repeat measures of vascular age and atherosclerotic burden three years after the first assessment. By examining the impact of vascular age on the initial extent and the progression of atherosclerotic burden over a two to three-year period, it will test the hypothesis that vascular age is an important determinant of the ageassociated increase in atherosclerotic disease.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Time perspective prospective

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Characterize vascular age relat-BLSA
time frame: Two-three years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Characterize vascular age relat-other
time frame: Two-three years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 30 years old.

- INCLUSION CRITERIA: For all groups: 1. Age 30 years or older 2. Ability and willingness to participate in the protocol and undergo vascular studies and chest MDCT examinations For the second group: 1) Coronary artery calcium score of zero or less than 25th percentile of that expected based on age and gender. For the third group: 1) Coronary artery calcium score which is greater than the 50th percentile of that computed based on age and gender, or known coronary disease on the basis of: i. prior documented myocardial infarction or ii. typical ischemic symptoms and catheterization documented stenosis of greater than or equal to 70% in at least one major coronary artery If male, diagnosis was made under 50 years of age If female, diagnosis was made under 60 years of age. EXCLUSION CRITERIA 1. Atrial fibrillation (due to limitations with gating on MDCT) 2. For the first 2 groups: History of procedures used for treatment of CVD (CABG, angioplasty, pacemaker or defibrillator implantation, any surgery on the heart or the arteries) 3. Active treatment for cancer 4. Serious medical condition which could hinder participation or make it unlikely that they will live for three years (for f/u) 5. Weight> 300 lb (maximum weight allowed on CT tables) 6. Inability to provide an informed consent 7. For females, current pregnancy because of the radiation associated with the helical CT and the unknown risks to a fetus. This is only temporary, and women wishing to participate may be enrolled six weeks after delivery.

Additional Information

Official title Vascular Aging: The Link That Bridges Age to Atherosclerosis (The VALIDATE Study)
Principal investigator Edward G Lakatta, M.D.
Description The prevalence, incidence, and severity of atherosclerotic disease all markedly increase with age. Basic experimental and observational data demonstrate that aging magnifies the pathologic and clinical consequences of established risk factors and is the most potent individual risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis and for adverse outcomes following an ischemic event. These findings suggest that normal aging alters the vascular substrate so as to promote the development and progression of atherosclerosis. The age-associated changes in vascular structure and function include an increase in central vascular stiffness, intimal proliferation, and endothelial dysfunction. The major hypothesis is that the above alterations in vascular substrate (i.e. vascular age) are an important determinant of the age associated increased likelihood for the development and progression of coronary atherosclerotic disease. This protocol will non-invasively characterize vascular age and atherosclerotic burden in BLSA participants and individuals with successful aging, i.e. those with no or minimal evidence of coronary atherosclerotic disease, and those with premature, clinically evident coronary artery disease. It will repeat measures of vascular age and atherosclerotic burden three years after the first assessment. By examining the impact of vascular age on the initial extent and the progression of atherosclerotic burden over a two to three-year period, it will test the hypothesis that vascular age is an important determinant of the age-associated increase in atherosclerotic disease.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC).