A Safety Study of Rituximab Plus MTX Injected Into the Cerebrospinal Fluid in the Treatment of Brain Lymphoma
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||central nervous system lymphoma, intraocular lymphoma|
|Treatment||intraventricular rituximab plus mtx|
|Sponsor||University of California, San Francisco|
|Start date||April 2007|
|End date||January 2012|
|Trial size||20 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00221325, CC05254, H9414-29670|
Rituximab is the first monoclonal antibody to receive approval in the treatment of cancer and has been proven to lead to extended survival when administered intravenously in the treatment of patients with systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We have previously demonstrated that a small fraction of Rituximab administered intravenously is able to cross the blood-brain-barrier into the brain.
We will test the idea that the direct injection into the cerebrospinal fluid of Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody which attacks and kills lymphoma cells, is safe and when used in combination with methotrexate in patients with recurrent brain and intraocular lymphoma.
We will also test the idea that the combination of rituximab plus methotrexate has activity and is effective in the treatment of recurrent brain and intraocular lymphoma.
|United States||No locations recruiting|
|Other countries||No locations recruiting|
|San Francisco, CA||University of California, San Francisco||no longer recruiting|
|Boston, MA||Massachusetts General Hospital||no longer recruiting|
|New York, NY||Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center||no longer recruiting|
|Houston, TX||MD Anderson Cancer Center||no longer recruiting|
|Endpoint classification||safety study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
whether intra-CSF administration of rituximab in combination with MTX in patients with recurrent CNS and intraocular lymphoma is associated with neurotoxicity
time frame: 4 weeks
To define the rate of tumor response (CR plus PR) in the brain, spine, eye, or CSF.
time frame: 4 weeks
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: 1. Relapsed, refractory CNS lymphoma, ocular lymphoma, lymphomatous meningitis 2. Tumors must be CD20 + on pathologic analysis. 3. Patients must have an Ommaya reservoir (ventricular access device. 4. Patients may have had prior intrathecal methotrexate, ara-C or thiotepa but must have recovered from any reversible toxicity caused by prior treatment. 5. Concurrent systemic chemotherapy is allowed for treatment of disease outside the meninges with the exception of high-dose methotrexate (>500 mg/m2/d, high-dose ara-C (> 2 gm/m2/d), high-dose thiotepa (>300 mg/m2/d) or investigational agents. 6. Patients must have sufficient baseline hematologic function: >1,500 granulocytes and >50,000 platelets/ul. 7. Patients must have had a nuclear medicine CSF flow study performed within 30 days of treatment which shows no significant obstruction within the ventricles. Exclusion Criteria: 1. History of whole brain or craniospinal irradiation or intrathecal chemotherapy < 4 days before initiation of intra-CSF administration of rituximab. 2. Anticipated survival of less than one month. 3. HIV infection. -
|Official title||Phase I Study of Intraventricular Administration of Rituximab in Combination With Methotrexate in the Treatment of Recurrent CNS and Intraocular Lymphoma|
|Description||Rituximab is the first monoclonal antibody to receive FDA approval in the treatment of cancer. Intravenous administration of rituximab has been demonstrated to lead to prolongation of survival when used in combination with chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We have previously demonstrated that a small fraction of Rituximab administered intravenously is able to cross the blood-brain-barrier into the brain and we have also previously demonstrated that direct intraventricular administration of Rituximab is able to achieve high concentrations within the cerebrospinal fluid ventricles and lumbar sac. We will test the hypothesis that the direct intraventricular injection of Rituximab in combination with Methotrexate is safe and when used in combination in patients with recurrent brain and intraocular lymphoma. We will evaluate the safety of this combination by testing different dose levels of Rituximab. We will also measure the concentration of Rituximab in the intraocular compartments and cerebrospinal fluid at different time points after intraventricular administration to determine the pharmacokinetics of intrathecal Rituximab as well as the potential impact of Methotrexate on Rituximab distribution. We will also test the hypothesis that the intraventricular administration of the combination of rituximab plus methotrexate has activity and is effective in the treatment of recurrent brain and intraocular lymphoma.|
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