Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition congenital cataract
Treatment optical correction of infant aphakia with contact lens or intraocular lens
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Emory University
Collaborator National Eye Institute (NEI)
Start date December 2004
End date January 2010
Trial size 114 participants
Trial identifier NCT00212134, EY013272, EY013287, NEI-108, U10EY013272

Summary

The primary purpose is to determine whether infants with a unilateral congenital cataract are more likely to develop better vision following cataract extraction surgery if they undergo primary implantation of an intraocular lens or if they are treated primarily with a contact lens. In addition, the study will compare the occurrence of postoperative complications and the degree of parental stress between the two treatments.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
optical correction of infant aphakia with aphakic Contact lens INTERVENTION: aphakic contact lens
optical correction of infant aphakia with contact lens or intraocular lens Silsoft or RGP aphakic contact lenses
optical correction of infant aphakia with Intraocular Lens or Contact lens
(Experimental)
optical correction of infant aphakia with aphakic Intraocular Lens INTERVENTION: aphakic intraocular lens
optical correction of infant aphakia with contact lens or intraocular lens Silsoft or RGP aphakic contact lenses
optical correction of infant aphakia with Intraocular Lens or Contact lens

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Visual Acuity
time frame: 12 months of age and 4.5 years of age

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Complications
time frame: 12 months of age and to 5 years of age
Parenting Stress
time frame: 12 months of age and to 5 years.

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants up to 210 days old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Visually significant unilateral congenital cataract (central opacity equal to or greater than 3 mm in size). - Cataract surgery performed when the patient is 28 to 210 days of age and at least 41 post-conceptional weeks. Exclusion Criteria: - The cataract is known to be acquired from trauma or as a side-effect of a treatment administered postnatally such as radiation or medical therapy. - A corneal diameter less than 9 mm measured in the horizontal meridian using calipers. - An intraocular pressure of 25 mm Hg or greater in the affected eye measured with a Perkins tonometer, tonopen, or pneumatonometer. - Persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) causing stretching of the ciliary processes or a tractional retinal detachment. - Active uveitis or signs suggestive of a previous episode of uveitis such as posterior synechiae or keratic precipitates. - The child is the product of a pre-term pregnancy (<36 gestational weeks). Screening for prematurity will be based on the clinician's best assessment of gestational age. If a physician is uncertain regarding the gestational age, review of medical records or contact with the pediatrician and/or obstetrician should be used to confirm gestational age at delivery. Unless a clinician is uncertain as to whether a child was born at less than 36 weeks or not, confirmation of gestational age via medical record review may be delayed until after enrollment. - Retinal disease that may limit the visual potential of the eye such as retinopathy of prematurity. - Previous intraocular surgery. - Optic nerve disease that may limit the visual potential of the eye such as optic nerve hypoplasia. - The fellow eye has ocular disease that might reduce its visual potential. - The child has a medical condition known to limit the ability to obtain visual acuity at 12 months or 4 years of age. - Refusal by the Parent/Legal Guardian to sign an informed consent or to be randomized to one of the two treatment groups. - Follow-up of the child is not feasible because the child would not be able to return for regular follow-up examinations and the outcome assessments (e.g. transportation difficulties, relocation, etc.).

Additional Information

Official title Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS)
Description Intraocular lenses are now a commonly accepted treatment for cataracts in older children and are used increasingly in younger children and infants. Intraocular lenses are superior to contact lenses in that they more closely replicate the optics of the crystalline lens, do not require daily ongoing care, and ensure at least a partial optical correction at all times. The simplicity and improved visual outcome of an intraocular lens correction may make caring for a child with a unilateral congenital cataract less stressful for parents. However, contact lenses remain the accepted treatment for children under 1 year of age due to concerns about the long-term safety of intraocular lenses and the potential for a large myopic shift developing in these eyes as they grow. Contact lenses provide excellent visual results in infants treated for bilateral congenital cataracts; however, two-thirds of infants treated with contact lenses for unilateral congenital cataracts remain legally blind in their aphakic eye. These poor visual outcomes are usually ascribed to competition from the sound eye and poor compliance with patching and contact lens wear regimens. Data from our pilot study and the literature suggest that superior visual results can be obtained if an intraocular lens is used to correct unilateral aphakia during infancy, but these eyes will experience more complications. Intraocular lenses will be increasingly implanted in infants regardless of whether or not we perform this trial. By performing this clinical trial, we can determine if the higher rate of complications with intraocular lenses is offset by improved visual outcome and decreased parenting stress. The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS) is a multi-center randomized clinical trial comparing intraocular lens and contact lens correction for monocular aphakia. Infants will be enrolled over a 4 year period. Infants 28 to 210 days of age with a visually significant cataract in one eye are eligible. Cataract surgery will be performed in a standardized fashion by a surgeon who has been certified for the study. Surgery consists of a lensectomy, posterior capsulotomy, and anterior vitrectomy. Infants will be randomized at the time of surgery to one of two treatment groups. Infants randomized to the intraocular lens group will have an intraocular lens implanted into the capsular bag. Spectacles will subsequently be used to correct the residual refractive errors. Infants randomized to the contact lens group will be fitted with a contact lens immediately after surgery. Both groups will receive the same patching therapy and follow-up. All children will be examined by Investigators at fixed intervals using standard protocols with the major endpoint assessed at age 12 months by a Traveling Vision Examiner. We are currently in a continuation of this project (beyond 5 years) in order to perform subjective visual acuity testing at 4.5 years of age and 5 year follow-up vision and ocular health exams on all children. We will submit a competitive application to be able to have a single visit by the patients in this cohort when they reach 10 years of age. This will be past the amblyogenic period and permit a more accurate comparative assessment of visual acuity and ocular health between the primary intervention groups.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Emory University.