This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition obesity
Treatment glucophage xr
Phase phase 2/phase 3
Sponsor Glaser Pediatric Research Network
Collaborator Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation
Start date October 2003
End date November 2007
Trial size 76 participants
Trial identifier NCT00209482, GPRN410.PL2.02


This study will determine if the drug metformin, coupled with diet and exercise counseling, will help obese adolescents lose weight.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double-blind
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

The primary outcome measure that will be used to test the study hypothesis is change in Body Mass Index (BMI). The mean change from baseline in individual BMIs between the two groups will be compared at two time-points; at week 52 and week 100.
time frame:

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 13 years up to 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Subjects must be between the ages of 13.00 and 17.99 at week 0 (Baseline). - Subjects must have a BMI ≥ 95th percentile for age and gender using the CDC data (see Appendix), but must weigh less than 300 pounds (<136 kilograms) when measured during the initial physical exam at week 0 (Baseline). BMI will be calculated as follows; weight in kilograms  [height in meters]2. This cutoff has been established due to the weight-bearing limits of the table used in performing the DXA scan. Once enrolled, if a subject’s weight progresses above 300 pounds, s/he may continue in the study whether it is possible to perform DXA or not. - Completion of informed consent/assent process Exclusion Criteria: - Known diabetes as defined by the American Diabetes Association criteria - Prior drug therapy to treat diabetes or insulin insensitivity, including any form of insulin or insulin analogs; or any oral antidiabetic medication; acarbose, acetohexamide, chlorpropamide, glimepiride, glipizide, glyburide, metformin, pioglitazone, repaglinide, rosiglitazone, tolazamide, tolbutamide or troglitazone. - Prior use of drugs to aid in weight loss, including but not limited to: Benzphetamine Hcl, Diethylpropion Hcl, Fenfluramine Hcl, Phendimetrazine Tartrate, Phentermine Hcl, Orlistat, Sibutramine Hcl Monohydrate, Didrex, Tenuate, Pondimin, Bontril-SR, Adipex-P, Fastin, Ionamin, Phentrol, Xenical, Meridia. - Subject is currently taking the following medications at the time of the Screening visit: Cimetidine, amiloride, digoxin, furosemide, morphine, nifedipine, procainamide, ranitidine, triamterene, trimethoprim, vancomycin and quinidine, as these medications may increase metformin levels. - Subjects will be excluded from the study if they have taken prescription-strength glucocorticoids (by any route) within three months of the screening visit. Topical glucocorticoids are acceptable if their strength is no greater than the equivalent of 1% hydrocortisone cream. - History of any syndrome or medical disorder associated with significant obesity, including but not limited to: Prader Willi Syndrome, Bardet-Biedl Syndrome, Cohen Syndrome, Cushing syndrome or disease. - Prior surgical therapy for obesity - Subject to be excluded if s/he has attended a formal weight loss program within 6 months prior to the Screening visit. - In the 6 months prior to Screening, subject has consumed alcohol more frequently than twice per week and/or subject has had more than three alcohol-containing beverages in a 24 hour period. - Elevated creatinine (> 1.2 mg/dl) - Untreated disorders of thyroid function - Elevated liver enzymes (Alanine Aminotransferase [ALT] or Aspartate Aminotransferase [AST]) > 80 (approximately 2 times upper limit of normal) - Mobility impairment that prevents full participation in recommended physical activity - Other serious medical condition that the Principal Investigator or Lead Site Investigator determines may put the patient at undue risk if enrolled in the study - Unable to comply with the protocol in the opinion of the Principal Investigator or the Lead Site Investigator - Subjects with child-bearing potential who are unwilling to remain abstinent or use an effective method of birth control - Previous pregnancy

Additional Information

Official title A Multi-Center, Randomized, Placebo Controlled, Double Blind Trial of Metformin in Obese Adolescents.
Principal investigator Darrell M Wilson, MD
Description America is facing an epidemic of obesity among its youth. In the last seven years, there has been a 50% increase in the prevalence of obesity as defined by a Body Mass Index (BMI) > 30 kg/m². For the morbidly obese adult, which is defined as having a BMI > 35 kg/m², mortality is increased by 152 to 279%. In a Veterans Administration study of obese 25-34 year old males, there was a 13-fold excess mortality rate over 7½ years. As in adults, risks associated with childhood and adolescent obesity include elevated blood pressure and cholesterol levels, predisposing these individuals to cardiovascular disease. In addition, a significant number of obese youth have abnormally high concentrations of insulin, with an attendant increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Currently, limited options are available to help such individuals. While attempts at lifestyle change (e.g., altering diet and activity level) may have some success in the short term, attempts at maintaining weight loss over the long term often fail. Furthermore, there are no current medications that will safely induce significant weight loss over time. Metformin is an oral antihyperglycemic, insulin-sensitizing agent that has been used in many countries for treatment of type 2 diabetes for more than 40 years. In March 1995, it was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of adult type 2 diabetes. Metformin improves insulin sensitivity and reduces insulin resistance by hepatic and peripheral actions. It does not increase insulin secretion. Further, metformin decreases hepatic glucose production and results in weight loss. Compared to available drugs that act similarly, only metformin has weight-lowering activity, perhaps by increasing nitric oxide production and improving insulin sensitivity. It is also possible that the mild gastrointestinal side effects of metformin induce weight loss. Metformin is therefore often the agent of choice in obese, type 2 diabetics. In a study of non-diabetic obese adults, treatment with metformin resulted in decreased food intake, and decreased body weight and fat. This is a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multi-center clinical trial. The primary outcome measure that will be used to test the study hypothesis is change in BMI from week 0 to week 52, as well as change in BMI from week 0 to week 100. Approximately 135 potential subjects will be screened at the participating institutions, and an expected 76 subjects will be randomized into the study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2006.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Glaser Pediatric Research Network.