This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions schizophrenia, psychosis
Treatments cognitive behavioral therapy (cbt), supportive counselling (sc)
Phase phase 3
Sponsor University of Cologne
Collaborator German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Start date January 2001
End date June 2005
Trial size 126 participants
Trial identifier NCT00204087, 01 GI 9935 – P 1.1.2


The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to develop a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for persons with at risk mental states in the early initial prodromal state and to evaluate CBT in comparison to supportive counselling (SC).It is hypothesized that CBT is more effective than SC on transition to subthreshold psychosis, psychosis and schizophrenia as well as on prodromal symptoms and social adjustment.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

transition to subthreshold psychosis (and psychosis or schizophrenia)
time frame:

Secondary Outcomes

improvement of prodromal symptoms (basic symptoms, depression, anxiety)
time frame:
social adjustment
time frame:

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 17 years up to 36 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. General criteria - Age between 17 and 36 years - male or female, in- or outpatients - written informed consent, for patients below 18 years also signed by their parents 2. Special criteria (presented within the last three months prior to the study) 1. Self-experienced neuropsychological deficits (basic symptoms) - Thought interferences - Compulsory like perseverance of thoughts - Thought pressure - Thought blockages - Disturbances of receptive language, either heard or read - Decreased ability to discriminate between ideas and perception, fantasy and true memories - Unstable ideas of reference (subject-centrism) - Derealisation - Visual perceptual disturbances (blurred vision, transitory blindness, partial seeing, hypersensitivity of light, etc..) - Acoustic perceptual disturbances (hypersensitivity to sounds or noise (hypersensitivity to sounds or noise, acoasms, etc.) AND/OR 2. Reduction in the Global Assessment of Functioning Score (DSM IV) of at least 30 points (within the past year) and at least one of the following risk factors: - First-degree relative with a lifetime-diagnosis of schizophrenia or - a schizophrenia spectrum disorder - Pre-or perinatal complications Exclusion Criteria: - Attenuated or transient positive symptomes - Present or past diagnosis of a schizophrenic, schizophreniform, schizoaffective, delusional or bipolar according to DSM IV - Present or past diagnosis a brief psychotic disorder according to DSM IV with a duration of more than one week or within the last 4 weeks regardless of its duration - Diagnosis of delirium, dementia, amnestic or other cognitive disorder, mental retardation psychiatric disorder due to a somatic factor or related to the consumption of psychotropic substances according DSM IV - Alcohol- or drug abuse within the last three months prior to inclusion according to DSM IV - Deases of the central nervous system (inflammatory, traumatic, epilepsy etc.)

Additional Information

Official title Psychological Intervention for Persons at Risk of Psychosis in the Early Initial Prodromal State
Description Several studies indicated that self-perceived cognitive thought and perception deficits (basic symptoms), negative symptoms, anxiety, depressive symptoms and social stagnation or social decline are usually present years before the first episode of schizophrenia appears. It is also known that delayed treatment of schizophrenia correlates with a poor prognosis, low compliance and high family burden. As consequence of these findings, for the first time we developed a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for persons at risk for psychosis in the early initial prodromal state. The early initial prodromal state was defined by the presence of self-perseived neuropsychological deficits, which were found to be predictive for transition to psychosis and by the presence of clinical relevant decline of functioning in combination with that of clinical management (CM). Is CBT more effective than CM with regard to the three aims of intervention 1. transition to psychosis, 2. improvement of prodromal symptoms, 3. prevention of social decline/stagnation, ? A randomized controlled trail is used to compare the efficacy of CBT with that of supportive counselling (SC). Patients are randomized to receive either CBT or SC over a 12 months period. CBT comprises of individual and group therapy as well as cognitive remediation and psychoeducation for key persons. SC should provide regular supportive contacts for the patient. No CBT strategies are allowed to be systematically applied in SC.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2006.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Cologne.