Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition hypertension
Treatment candesartan
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Karin Skov
Collaborator University of Aarhus
Start date November 2000
End date January 2004
Trial size 100 participants
Trial identifier NCT00150631, 20000114

Summary

The present study examine healthy, normotensive subjects 18 to 36 years of age whose both parents have essential hypertension. The subjects receive treatment with either the AT1-antagonist candesartan cilexetil, 16 mg daily or placebo for one year. Then, treatment is withdrawn and the subjects is followed for 10 years to determine if the treatment has been able to either prevent or delay the development of hypertension. The primary objective is to determine whether pharmacological treatment with an angiotensin receptor blocker is able to restrain or delay the progression to hypertension. Secondary objectives are to investigate whether any long-term effect on blood pressure is related to the effect of treatment on renal haemodynamic function, or on the left ventricle mass.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, investigator)
Arm
(Placebo Comparator)
12 mo treatment with candesartan
candesartan atacand
placebo controlled double blind
(Placebo Comparator)
12 mo placebo treatment

Primary Outcomes

Measure
The primary outcome is to determine whether pharmacological treatment with an angiotensin receptor blocker is able to restrain or delay the progression to hypertension.
time frame: 10 years
Secondary outcomes are to investigate whether any long-term effect on blood pressure is related to the effect of treatment on renal haemodynamic function, or on the left ventricle mass.
time frame: 1 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 36 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Both parents have essential hypertension 2. Age 18 - 36 years 3. Caucasians 4. Diastolic blood pressure less than 85 mmHg at inclusion time 5. Female participants using orale anticonceptives ot intrauterine devices Exclusion Criteria: 1. Clinical or biochemically signs of disease in kidney, liver, or endocrine organs 2. Diastolic blood pressure above 85 mmHg at inclusion time 3. Pregnancy or pregnancy wish 4. Daily medication, except for orale anticoncetives -

Additional Information

Official title Danish Hypertension Prevention Project
Description Essential hypertension, a major health problem worldwide, is a disease generally considered to require life-long treatment. However, evidence suggests that hypertension is caused by specific phenotypic changes caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Thus, in principle, hypertension could be prevented by prevention of these phenotypic changes. Animal data indicate that early treatment that blocks the renin-angiotensin system have long-term effects after treatment withdrawal. The present human study is testing whether early treatment (with the AT1- antagonist) is able to have a persistent effect after stopping treatment. This is a monocenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study in healthy, normotensive (consultation diastolic blood pressure over 2 visits < 85 mmHg) subjects 18 to 36 years of age whose both parents have essential hypertension. The primary objective is to determine whether pharmacological treatment with an angiotensin receptor blocker is able to restrain or delay the progression to hypertension. Secondary objectives are to investigate whether any long-term effect on blood pressure is related to the effect of treatment on renal haemodynamic function, or on the left ventricle mass. Subjects are recruited by use of hospital registers to identify persons who have received the indication essential hypertension, and are of an age that they may have children of the appropriate age. These persons are then mailed asking if they do have children with a partner who is also hypertensive, and asking permission to contact the children. The diagnosis of hypertension of the parents is checked following evaluation by the physicians who are treating them. One hundred subjects were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: placebo; or candesartan cilexetil, 16 mg, once daily. Before inclusion and after 12 months of treatment glomerular filtration rate, renal vascular resistance, echocardiography and 24-hour blood pressure monitoring were performed. Subjects were evaluated at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 10 months to ensure compliance and to control blood pressure. After 12-months of treatment, 24-hour blood pressure monitoring were performed in a scheduled manner over a 10-year period. The primary effect parameter is 24-hour blood pressure measured 10 years after withdrawal of treatment. Interim analyses will be made at 1, 2 and 5 years by an independent data committee. Secondary effect parameters will be numbers on antihypertensive treatment at 2, 5 and 10 years after withdrawal, as well as the effect of treatment on renal vascular resistance and left ventricular mass. A substudy is comparing renal haemodynamics and genetic profil of the subjects with persons having normotensive parents.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Aarhus University Hospital Skejby.