Vaccine Therapy With or Without Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery for Stage II, Stage III, or Stage IV Melanoma
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatments||incomplete freund's adjuvant, melanoma helper peptide vaccine, multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine, tetanus toxoid helper peptide, cyclophosphamide|
|Phase||phase 1/phase 2|
|Sponsor||University of Virginia|
|Collaborator||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Start date||March 2005|
|End date||February 2010|
|Trial size||173 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00118274, CDR0000430929, MDA-2005-0070, UVACC-34104, UVACC-GCRC-CLS013, UVACC-HIC-11491, UVACC-HITC-02620, UVACC-MEL-44|
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from peptides may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Cyclophosphamide may also stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. Giving vaccine therapy together with cyclophosphamide after surgery may cause a stronger immune response to kill any remaining tumor cells. It may also prevent or delay the recurrence of melanoma.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase I/II trial is studying the side effects of vaccine therapy when given with or without cyclophosphamide and to see how well they work in treating patients who have undergone surgery for stage II, stage III, or stage IV melanoma.
|United States||No locations recruiting|
|Other countries||No locations recruiting|
|Philadelphia, PA||Fox Chase Cancer Center - Philadelphia||no longer recruiting|
|Houston, TX||M. D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas||no longer recruiting|
|Charlottesville, VA||University of Virginia Cancer Center||no longer recruiting|
Safety if less than 33% of patients experience a dose-limiting toxicity up to week 52
Immunogenicity by Elispot assay up to week 52
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically or cytologically confirmed melanoma - Cutaneous, mucosal, or primary melanoma - Stage IIB-IV disease - Has undergone surgical resection or stereotactic radiosurgery for malignant melanoma ≥ 1 week but ≤ 6 months ago - No clinical or radiological evidence of disease after surgical resection or stereotactic radiosurgery by chest x-ray or CT scan*, abdominal and pelvic CT scan*, and head CT scan or MRI NOTE: *Positron emission tomography scan/CT fusion scan may replace scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis - Must have ≥ 2 intact (undissected) axillary and/or inguinal lymph node basins - HLA-A1, -A2, or -A3 positive AND HLA-DR1, -DR4, -DR11, -DR13, or -DR15 positive - Ineligible for OR refused interferon - No ocular melanoma - Brain metastases allowed provided all of the following criteria are met: - No more than 3 total brain metastases - Each metastasis ≤ 2 cm in diameter at the time of study entry - Each metastasis was completely removed by surgery or treated with stereotactic radiosurgery - No evidence of brain metastasis progression since the most recent treatment PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - 18 and over Performance status - ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy - Not specified Hematopoietic - Absolute neutrophil count > 1,000/mm^3 - Platelet count > 100,000/mm^3 - Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL Hepatic - AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - Bilirubin ≤ 2.5 times ULN - Lactic dehydrogenase ≤ 1.5 times ULN - Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN - Hepatitis C negative Renal - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN Cardiovascular - No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease Immunologic - HIV negative - No known or suspected allergy to any component of the study vaccines - No autoimmune disorder with visceral involvement - No prior or active autoimmune disorder requiring cytotoxic or immunosuppressive therapy - The following immunologic conditions are allowed: - Laboratory evidence of autoimmune disease (e.g., positive anti-nuclear antibody titer) without symptoms - Clinical evidence of vitiligo - Other forms of depigmenting illness - Mild arthritis requiring non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Other - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - Weight ≥ 110 lbs - No uncontrolled diabetes - Hemoglobin A1C < 7% - No medical contraindication or potential problem that would preclude study compliance - No other malignancy except squamous cell or basal cell skin cancer without known metastasis, carcinoma in situ of the breast (ductal or lobular) or cervix, or other successfully treated cancer without distant metastasis with no evidence of recurrence or metastasis for > 5 years - No known active addiction to alcohol or drugs - No recent (within the past year) or ongoing illicit IV drug use PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - No prior vaccination with any of the synthetic peptides used in this study - Prior vaccinations (containing agents other than the synthetic peptides used in this study) that resulted in recurrent disease during or after vaccine administration allowed provided the last vaccination was administered more than 12 weeks ago - More than 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent interferon (e.g., Intron-A®), interleukins (e.g., Proleukin®), or growth factors (e.g., Procrit®, Aranesp®, or Neulasta®) - More than 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent allergy desensitization injections - No influenza vaccines for at least 2 weeks before or after study vaccine administration Chemotherapy - More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas) - No concurrent chemotherapy, including nitrosoureas Endocrine therapy - More than 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent oral or parenteral corticosteroids - No prior or concurrent inhaled steroids (e.g., Advair®, Flovent®, or Azmacort®) - Prior or concurrent topical corticosteroids allowed Radiotherapy - See Disease Characteristics - More than 4 weeks since other prior and no concurrent radiotherapy Surgery - See Disease Characteristics Other - More than 4 weeks since prior and no other concurrent investigational agents - More than 30 days since prior and no concurrent participation in another clinical study
|Official title||A Multicenter Trial to Evaluate the Effects of Administration of Cyclophosphamide and Melanoma-Derived Helper Peptides on the Immunogenicity of a Class I MHC-Restricted Peptide-Based Vaccine in Participants With Resected Melanoma|
|Principal investigator||Craig L. Slingluff, MD|
|Description||OBJECTIVES: Primary - Determine the safety of adjuvant vaccine therapy comprising multi-epitope melanoma peptides (MP) and multi-epitope melanoma helper peptides (MHP) emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 in patients with resected stage IIB-IV melanoma. - Determine the safety of administering cyclophosphamide before vaccination in these patients. - Compare the magnitude of immune response against vaccination comprising MP in combination with either MHP or tetanus toxoid helper peptide (TET) emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 with vs without cyclophosphamide in these patients. Secondary - Compare the response rate and persistence of immune responses in patients treated with these regimens. - Compare the magnitude of immune response against vaccination comprising TET or MHP with vs without cyclophosphamide in these patients. - Compare the response rate and persistence of immune response against vaccination comprising TET or MHP with vs without cyclophosphamide in these patients. - Determine the delayed-type hypersensitivity response to the peptide components of these vaccines in these patients. - Compare, preliminarily, disease-free survival of patients treated with these regimens. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to HLA-type (HLA-A1 positive vs HLA-A2 positive, HLA-A1 negative, or -A3 negative vs HLA-A3 positive, or -A1 negative) and participating center (University of Virginia [UVA] vs non-UVA). Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms. - Arm I: Patients receive vaccine comprising multi-epitope melanoma peptides (MP) and tetanus toxoid helper peptide emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 intradermally (ID) and subcutaneously (SC) on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, 43, 85, 183, 274, and 365. - Arm II: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day -4. Patients then receive vaccine as in arm I. - Arm III: Patients receive vaccine comprising MP and multi-epitope melanoma helper peptides emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 ID and SC on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, 43, 85, 183, 274, and 365. - Arm IV: Patients receive cyclophosphamide as in arm II. Patients then receive vaccine as in arm III. Treatment in all arms continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months for 2 years and then annually thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 173 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.|
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