Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions cancer of the pharynx, cancer of the larynx, cancer of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinus neoplasms, cancer of the oral cavity
Treatments docetaxel, cisplatin, hydroxyurea, fluorouracil, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
Phase phase 3
Sponsor University of Chicago
Start date November 2004
End date May 2009
Trial size 400 participants
Trial identifier NCT00117572, 13362B

Summary

The combined use of chemotherapeutic drugs with radiation has proven to be effective in improving overall survival and local control among patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer. Induction chemotherapy given before receiving local treatment has been shown to reduce the rate of distant failure. Many drugs have been found to prevent tumor cells from growing or dividing, although it has yet to be determined which agent, or specific combination of agents, is most effective in treating head and neck cancer. Docetaxel is a drug which has been reported to show promising activity in Phase II head and neck cancer studies. Therefore, the purpose of this trial is to compare the effectiveness of induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy versus the same chemoradiotherapy alone in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
docetaxel
75 mg/m2 on day 1
cisplatin
75 mg/m2 on day 1
hydroxyurea
Each cycle: 500 mg PO q 12 hours x 6 days (11 doses)
fluorouracil
750 mg/m2/day on days 1-5 of induction
chemotherapy
See protocol for details
radiotherapy
See protocol for details
(Active Comparator)
hydroxyurea
Each cycle: 500 mg PO q 12 hours x 6 days (11 doses)
chemotherapy
See protocol for details
radiotherapy
See protocol for details

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Overall survival
time frame: Indefinitely

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Distant failure-free survival (DFFS)
time frame: Indefinitely
failure pattern
time frame: Indefinitely
progression free survival
time frame: Indefinitely
quality of life (QOL)
time frame: 5 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age 18 years or older - Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of squamous cell or poorly differentiated carcinomas of the head and neck (excluding lip), or lymphoepithelioma - No prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy - Prior surgical therapy will consist only of incisional or excisional biopsy, and organ sparing procedures such as debulking of airway-compromising tumors or neck dissection in a patient with an existing primary tumor - Karnofsky performance status of >= 70% - Intact organ and bone marrow function - Obtained informed consent Exclusion Criteria: - Demonstration of metastatic disease (i.e. M1 disease). - Patients with a history of severe allergic reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, or hydroxyurea - Other coexisting malignancies or malignancies diagnosed within the previous 3 years with the exception of basal cell carcinoma, cervical cancer in situ, and other treated malignancies with no evidence of disease for at least 3 years. - Prior surgical therapy other than incisional or excisional biopsy and organ-sparing procedures such as debulking of airway-compromising tumors or neck dissection in a patient with an unknown primary tumor. Any non-biopsy procedure must have taken place less than 3 months from initiating protocol treatment. - Incomplete healing from previous surgery - Pregnancy or breast feeding (men and women of child-bearing potential are eligible but must consent to using effective contraception during therapy and for at least 3 months after completing therapy) - Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF), unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements - Patients with clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, cardiomyopathy, or any history of clinically significant CHF are excluded. The exclusion of patients with active coronary artery disease will be at the discretion of the attending physician. - Uncontrolled active infection unless curable with treatment of their cancer.

Additional Information

Official title A Phase III Randomized Trial of Docetaxel Based Induction Chemotherapy in Patients With N2/N3 Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer
Principal investigator Everett E. Vokes, M.D.
Description TRIAL DESIGN: Phase III trial of induction therapy with docetaxel followed by chemoradiotherapy versus chemoradiotherapy alone in patients with nodal stage N2 or N3 head and neck cancer OBJECTIVES: Primary - To determine the effect on overall survival when induction chemotherapy is administered prior to chemoradiotherapy in patients with N2 or N3 disease. Secondary - To determine the effect of induction chemotherapy when administered prior to chemoradiotherapy on distant failure-free survival, failure pattern, progression free survival and quality of life. TREATMENT PLAN: - After eligibility is confirmed, patients will be randomized to one of two treatment arms: Arm A - Induction + chemoradiotherapy Arm B - Chemoradiotherapy alone - Induction therapy: Two 21-day cycles of chemotherapy consisting of docetaxel (day 1), cisplatin (day 1), and 5-fluorouracil (days 1-5). Total duration of 6 weeks. - Chemoradiotherapy: Five 14-day cycles of docetaxel (day 1), 5-fluorouracil (day 0-4), and hydroxyurea (days 0-4) with twice daily radiation (days 1-5). Total duration of 10 weeks. - All patients will undergo surgical evaluation after chemoradiation for possible neck dissection. - Upon completion of treatment, patients will be monitored every three months during the first year, every six months during the second and third years, and annually thereafter, up to five years. - Patients will be followed for Quality of Life (QOL) during the course of treatment, as well as annually thereafter, up to five years. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: - An expected sample size of 400 patients will be enrolled for this study (200 per treatment arm).
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Chicago.