Childhood Autism Risks From Genetics and the Environment (The CHARGE Study)
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||autism, developmental disabilities|
|Sponsor||National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)|
|Collaborator||University of California, Davis|
|Start date||September 2001|
|End date||May 2018|
|Trial size||2000 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00106652, 11269-CP-001, 200210574-4|
The purpose of this study is to understand how genes, environment, and the interplay between the two, influences the development of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders.
Male or female participants from 24 months up to 60 months old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Children between 2 and 5 years old - Born in California - Parents must speak either English or Spanish - Children must be living with at least one biologic parent Exclusion Criteria: - Children not meeting eligibility criteria listed above - Children not residing in selected geographical areas (please contact for more information about specific study locations)
|Official title||Environmental Factors in the Etiology of Autism|
|Principal investigator||Isaac N. Pessah, Ph.D.|
|Description||The causes and contributing factors for autism are poorly understood. Evidence suggests that incidence is increasing, but diagnostic changes and improvements may be playing a role. Both genetic and environmental factors appear to play a role. Autopsy studies demonstrate structural changes in the brain and clinical investigations reveal neurophysiologic differences in information processing in autistic versus normal children. Members of our team recently demonstrated altered levels of certain neuropeptides at birth in children who later developed autism. This case-control study is the first large-scale epidemiologic investigation of underlying causes for autism and triggers of regression. This study capitalizes on the strengths of the case-control design, which is well suited to examine a broad array of factors for rare conditions that are thought to be multifactorial. Comparisons will be made with both general population controls and mentally retarded children. The aims are to assess the influence of exogenous exposures, the role of susceptibility factors, and the interplay between these two in the etiology of autism and its phenotypic variation. Chemicals with known or suspected neurodevelopmental toxicity, such as PCB's, certain pesticides, and metals, are being investigated. This study pursues several hypotheses that have recently gained attention, including the combined measles, mumps, rubella vaccine and mercury present in vaccines given during infancy and early childhood. Additionally, biochemical susceptibility is examined through characterization of metabolic, immunologic, and neuronal gene expression profiles and genetic polymorphisms.|
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