Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition head and neck cancer
Treatments cetuximab c225, cisplatin, radiation therapy
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date December 2004
End date July 2009
Trial size 69 participants
Trial identifier NCT00096174, CDR0000390923, E3303, U10CA021115

Summary

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies such as cetuximab can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Cetuximab may make the tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Giving monoclonal antibody therapy together with chemoradiotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving cetuximab and cisplatin together with radiation therapy works in treating patients with locally advanced or regional stage IV head and neck cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Cetuximab therapy: Patients receive an initial loading dose of cetuximab intravenously (IV) over 2 hours on day 1. Patients then receive cetuximab IV over 1 hour on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, and 57. Chemoradiotherapy: Beginning on day 15 of cetuximab therapy, patients undergo radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for at least 7 weeks. Patients also receive cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on days 15, 36, and 57. Cetuximab maintenance therapy: After the completion of chemoradiotherapy, patients continue to receive cetuximab IV over 1 hour once weekly for 6-12 months.
cetuximab c225 Cetuximab
400 mg/m^2 IV over 120 minutes on Day 1, 250 mg/m^2 IV over 60 minutes on Day 8, then weekly
cisplatin Platinol
75 mg/m^2 IV over 30-60 minutes starting day 15 every 3 weeks * 3 (Days 1, 22, and 43 of radiation therapy (RT))
radiation therapy
RT 70 Gy / 35 starting Day 15, 200cGy / d * 7 weeks (35 fractions)

Primary Outcomes

Measure
2-year Progression-free Survival Rate
time frame: assessed every 3 months for 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
2-year Overall Survival Rate
time frame: assessed very 3 months for 2 years
Overall Response Rate
time frame: assessed after all chemoradiation therapy completed Week 9, then every 3 months on C225 maintenance therapy, and every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months post-treatment 2 years from study entry

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Histologically confirmed squamous cell or undifferentiated carcinoma of the head and neck (excluding nasopharynx, paranasal sinus, and parotid gland) - Unresectable locally advanced or regional stage IV disease - No evidence of distant metastases - Must have demonstrable primary tumor site - Measurable disease - Unresectable disease - Meets the following criteria for unresectable disease by tumor site: - Hypopharynx, meeting 1 of the following criteria: - Extension across the midline of the posterior pharyngeal wall - Any evidence of fixation to the cervical spine - Larynx - Direct subglottic extension (>3cm) into surrounding muscle or skin - Oral cavity - Lesion precluding functional reconstruction - Base of tongue, meeting 1 of the following criteria: - Extension into the root of the tongue - Patient refuses total glossectomy - Tonsillar area, meeting 1 of the following criteria: - Extension into pterygoid area as manifested by x-ray or trismus - Extension across midline of pharyngeal wall - Direct extension into soft tissue of the neck - Unilateral neck node metastases fixed to carotid artery, mastoid, base of skull, or cervical spine with any of the above tumors - Patients requiring total glossectomy are eligible - Age>=18 years - ECOG Performance status of 0-1 - Adequate hematologic, renal, and hepatic function obtained <=4 weeks prior to registration - Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 2,000/mm^3 - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 - Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL - Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 3 times normal - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 times normal - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL - Creatinine ≤ 1.2 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min - Able to tolerate fluid load - At least 14 days since major surgery (including dental extraction) except percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement or mediport placement Exclusion Criteria: - Pregnant or nursing - Fertile patients do not use effective contraception - Patients who refuse surgery but whose tumors are technically resectable OR whose tumors are unresectable for medical reasons are not eligible - Disease metastases below the clavicles or elsewhere (M1) or with a postoperative recurrence - Prior excisional surgery of head and neck tumor - Prior radiotherapy to the head and neck region - Prior chemotherapy - Prior drugs that target the epidermal growth factor receptor pathway - Prior chimerized or murine monoclonal antibody - Active systemic infection - Known allergy to murine proteins - Severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring ≥ 3 hospitalizations within the past year - Myocardial infarction within the past 3 months - Uncontrolled congestive heart failure - Unstable or uncontrolled angina - Clinically apparent jaundice - Postoperative recurrence - Other malignancy within the past 3 years except resected basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or other in situ tumors

Additional Information

Official title Phase II Study of C225 (Erbitux or Cetuximab) in Combination With Cisplatin and Definitive Radiation in Unresectable Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Description OBJECTIVES: Primary - Determine 2-year progression-free survival in patients with unresectable locally advanced or regional stage IV squamous cell or undifferentiated carcinoma of the head and neck treated with cetuximab, cisplatin, and definitive radiotherapy. Secondary - Determine response rate and overall survival in patients treated with this regimen. - Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients. - Correlate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression by immunohistochemistry, EGFR phosphorylation, map kinase, Akt, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and other tissue and serum tests with toxicity of this regimen and outcomes in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor site (hypopharynx vs. oropharynx vs. oral cavity vs. larynx), primary tumor stage (T1-3 vs. T4), and nodal status (N0 vs. N1 vs. N2-3). - Cetuximab therapy: Patients receive an initial loading dose of cetuximab IV over 2 hours on day 1. Patients then receive cetuximab IV over 1 hour on days 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, and 57. - Chemoradiotherapy: Beginning on day 15 of cetuximab therapy, patients undergo radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for at least 7 weeks. Patients also receive cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours on days 15, 36, and 57. - Cetuximab maintenance therapy: After the completion of chemoradiotherapy, patients continue to receive cetuximab IV over 1 hour once weekly for 6-12 months. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 6 months for 10 years. ACCRUAL: A total of 69 patients were accrued for this study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group.